39 Flowers That Start With S

1. Saintpaulia Ionantha

Saintpaulia Ionantha

The African Violet, Saintpaulia ionantha, is a perennial evergreen herbaceous plant in the Gesneriaceae family. The plant is relatively short, covered in hair, with spoon-like leaves clustered at the base. These fleshy leaves come in various shapes, with most flowers centrally located.

The flowers are diverse in shape and color, blooming all year round. The species is native to the coastal regions of East Africa, primarily distributed in Tanzania and Kenya, thriving on the limestone or schistose hillsides bordering streams at elevations of 600-1000 meters.

The African Violet is petite and colorful, boasting an exquisite poetic charm. It is internationally renowned as a potted plant, especially popular in Europe and America.

Since its discovery in Africa by a Frenchman in 1893, it was found that the African violet blooms continuously throughout the year in suitable environments and adapts well to air-conditioned surroundings.

2. Salix Argyracea

Salix Argyracea

The Silver Willow, Salix argyracea, is a shrub in the Salicaceae family. Its leaves are alternate, lanceolate or long oval-shaped with fine serrated edges, and hairy on the underside. The bark is gray, the twigs are pale yellow to brown, the flower buds are plump, oval-shaped, and purplish-red.

The leaf stalks are brown and fuzzy. The flowering period is from May to June and the fruiting period from July to August.

The Silver Willow blooms before leafing in winter, revealing silvery white unopened inflorescences looking like writing brushes after the bracts fall off, hence the name “Silver Willow”.

The Silver Willow is distributed in Xinjiang, China, and grows on the edges of spruce forests or in the open forests. It is also found in Russia. The Silver Willow is highly adaptable, sun-loving, frost-resistant, and not picky about soil. Its reproduction is mainly through cutting propagation.

The leaves of the Silver Willow can be used medicinally. They are spicy, astringent, and cool in nature.

They have the effects of clearing heat and detoxifying, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory, and promoting blood circulation. They can be used for bacterial infections, enteritis diarrhea, chronic bronchitis, coronary heart disease, etc.

In Cantonese, Silver Willow sounds like “silver money” and “keep the silver”, so it is endowed with the symbolism of “congratulations on getting rich and good luck”.

3. Salvia Farinacea

Salvia Farinacea

Salvia Farinacea, also known as Blue Sage, is an annual, biennial, or perennial herbaceous plant and evergreen shrub in the mint family. It grows in clusters and is covered with soft hair all over. The stem is quadrangular, becoming slightly woody at the base.

The leaves are opposite, elliptical, tapering at the tip and widening at the base into a cherry shape that slightly extends downward. The umbel inflorescence forms a long raceme, and the calyx is bell-shaped.

The flowering and fruiting period is from July to October. It is named for its pale purple-blue raceme and flower stalks that resemble the long, slender tail of a mouse.

Salvia Farinacea

Blue Sage is native to Europe and is found along the Mediterranean coast and southern Europe. It enjoys a warm and full sun environment, can tolerate heat but not cold, and can withstand barren soil but prefers fertile and well-drained loam. The general propagation methods are sowing and cutting.

Blue Sage has the effects of clearing heat, promoting diuresis, detoxifying and reducing swelling, relieving headaches, and improving sleep. In medieval Europe, it was used to treat cholera or dysentery.

The flowers of Blue Sage can be used to make tea, which helps remove grease, promote circulation, and has preservative, antibacterial, and antidiarrheal effects.

4. Salvia Splendens

Salvia Splendens

Salvia splendens, also known as Scarlet Sage, is a sub-shrubby herbaceous plant in the mint family. The stem is bluntly quadrangular and has shallow grooves, and is hairless. The leaves are ovate or triangular-ovate, tapering at the tip and truncate or round at the base.

The flowers are umbel inflorescence with 2 to 6 flowers, which are red and taper at the tip. The small hard seeds are dark brown, irregularly pleated at the top, and have narrow wings along the edges. The flowering period is from March to October.

Scarlet Sage is native to Brazil in South America and is widely cultivated in gardens throughout China. It enjoys warmth, light and also tolerates semi-shade, likes loose and fertile soil, and the suitable temperature is between 20℃ and 25℃. It is a short-day plant. The main propagation method is by seed, but cutting propagation can also be used.

Scarlet Sage is a pollution-resistant plant with strong absorption capacity for sulfur and chlorine. The whole plant can be used as a medicine, with the effects of clearing heat, cooling blood, and reducing swelling. Due to its beautiful shape and festive color, it symbolizes prosperity, happiness, and auspiciousness.

5. Sambucus Javanica

Sambucus Javanica

Sambucus javanica, a large herb or sub-shrub from the Caprifoliaceae family, is also known as elderberry.

The stems of elderberry have ridges with a white medulla; the leaves are alternatively or oppositely arranged, narrow ovate, and pinnately compound with leaf-like or blue glandular stipules; the calyx is cup-shaped with triangular calyx teeth, the corolla is white, and the anthers are yellow or purple; the fruit turns red when ripe, nearly round, with ovate fruit cores and small wart-like protrusions; it flowers from April to May and bears fruit from August to September.

It earned its name due to its ability to treat injuries, fractures, and pain.

Elderberry is found throughout China and is also distributed in Japan. It prefers a cooler and humid climate, is shade-tolerant and cold-resistant, and can be planted in general soil, but not in waterlogged areas. It dislikes high temperatures and grows in shrub or grassland on slopes. It reproduces through cutting propagation.

The roots, stems, leaves, flowers, and fruits of elderberry can be used in medicine. The roots or the whole plant have effects of expelling wind, removing dampness, promoting blood circulation, and removing blood stasis.

Elderberry is “mild in nature and suitable for treating injuries, bone-setting, and can be eaten when crushed.” Besides its medicinal use, elderberry has green branches and leaves, a beautiful plant shape, and grows rapidly, which can quickly achieve a green and pleasing effect, making it an excellent ornamental plant.

6. Sambucus Williamsii

Sambucus Javanica

Sambucus williamsii, a plant of the Caprifoliaceae family, is a deciduous shrub that can grow up to 4 meters. Its stem has no ridges, and is multi-branched, grey-brown, and hairless.

The leaves are opposite, with odd-pinnate compound leaves; the leaflets are ovate, elliptical, or ovate-lanceolate, with a gradually pointed tip and a broad wedge-shaped base, with coarse serrated edges, and hairless on both sides.

The inflorescence is a conical corymb, with coarse serrated edges, hairless on both sides, and densely arranged into an ovate to long elliptical shape; the calyx is bell-shaped, with 5 lobes, the lobes are tongue-shaped; the corolla is radially symmetrical, with 4-5 lobes, the lobes are inverted ovate, pale yellow; there are 5 stamens, located on the corolla, shorter than the corolla; there is 1 pistil, the ovary is inferior, the style is short, and the berries are bright red. It flowers from April to May and bears fruit from July to September.

It grows on slopes, shrubs, ditch sides, roadsides, and housesides at altitudes of 540-1600 meters.

7. Saponaria Officinalis

Saponaria Officinalis

Saponaria Officinalis, also known as Soapwort or Bouncing Bet, is a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the carnation family. It can grow anywhere from 30 to 70 centimeters tall. The plant has a thick fleshy main root and a slender, branching rootstock.

The stem is upright, with little to no branching, and is typically hairless. The leaves are oval or lanceolate, measuring 5 to 10 centimeters long and 2 to 4 centimeters wide, with the base gradually narrowing into a short stalk.

Saponaria Officinalis

Soapwort has a long flowering and growing period. It is robust, easy to propagate, and prefers sunlight but can tolerate partial shade. It withstands cold and pruning well, and requires minimal care. It can grow normally in both dry and wet lands, and is not strict with soil requirements.

The roots of Soapwort can be used medicinally, with expectorant properties and benefits for treating bronchitis and promoting urination.

8. Saussurea Japonica

Saussurea Japonica

Saussurea Japonica, commonly known as Saw-wort, is a herbaceous plant in the Asteraceae family. The stem is either wingless or rarely winged, and is sparsely covered with soft hairs and golden glandular dots. The basal and lower stem leaves are oval or lanceolate.

Middle leaves have short stalks, and the upper leaves are shallowly lobed or unlobed and stalkless. Both sides of the leaves are green and densely covered with yellow glandular dots.

The flower heads are arranged in umbellate or umbellate-conical inflorescences. The involucre is narrowly bell-shaped or cylindrical, with the outer layer being ovate.

Saussurea Japonica

The florets are purple and the achene is cylindrical and dark brown. The flowering and fruiting period is from June to October.

Saw-wort is found in various regions in China and is also distributed in Russia, North Korea, and Japan. It prefers moist and fertile soil, is cold-resistant, moderately vigorous, and grows slowly. Saw-wort primarily propagates through seeding and division.

The whole plant of Saw-wort can be used medicinally. It has the effect of dispelling wind, activating collaterals, dispersing stasis and relieving pain. It is used to treat rheumatic joint pain, lower back and leg pain, and injuries from falls or blows. Saw-wort also has a moderate forage value.

9. Scabiosa Comosa

Scabiosa Comosa

The Narrow-Leaf Blue Pincushion (Scabiosa Comosa) is a perennial herb from the Dipsacaceae family and Scabiosa genus. Growing up to 80 cm tall, it has a rough bark of brownish color and a white interior.

The plant displays an upright stem, a base rosette of narrow elliptical leaves, which often wilt during flowering, and opposing stem leaves. The thin, needle-like sepals are brownish-yellow, while the corolla is bluish-purple. The slender, elongated fruit is crowned with persistent calyx spines.

Scabiosa Comosa

It flowers from July to August and bears fruit in September. The plant is found in Russia, China, North Korea, and Mongolia, thriving on dry sandy soil, sand dunes, dry slopes, and grasslands at altitudes between 500 and 1600 meters.

The Narrow-Leaf Blue Pincushion makes for a great ornamental plant, whether planted alone or in clusters, and can also be interplanted with other species. It has a high medicinal value, known for its anti-inflammatory, febrifugal, antioxidant properties, and its ability to alleviate kidney damage, induce calm, and boost immunity.

10. Schima Superba

Schima Superba

The Superb Schima (Schima Superba) is a large evergreen tree from the Theaceae family. It can grow up to 25 meters tall and its young branches are usually hairless. It prefers sunlight but can tolerate a bit of shade in its youth.

The Superb Schima is not only an excellent tree for greening and timber, but it is also a good fire-resistant, fireproof, and non-flammable species. It is a precious Chinese timber species with a straight trunk, tough texture, fine structure, durability, and easy workability.

Schima Superba

It is an excellent material for making yarn bobbins and tubes in the textile industry, as well as bridges, boats, vehicles, buildings, agricultural tools, furniture, plywood, and more. Its bark and leaves contain tannin, which can be extracted. The Superb Schima is an excellent species for firebreaks.

The Superb Schima is highly toxic and should not be ingested. For external use, it can be crushed and applied to the affected area. It is used for detoxification and reducing swelling, mainly for carbuncles and unnamed swellings.

11. Schlumbergera Bridgesii

Schlumbergera Bridgesii

The Schlumbergera Bridgesii, a perennial evergreen succulent herb from the cactaceae family, stands 25-35 centimeters tall. This multi-branched plant sprawls outwards, with a flat, leaf-like stem that ranges in color from green to grey-green.

The edges of the stem bear a light wave pattern, resembling long fingernails. The flowers, which are typically rose-red with petals that curl backwards, bloom between February and March. The pear-shaped berries ripen between April and May.

Schlumbergera Bridgesii

Originally from the tropical forests of South America, the Schlumbergera Bridgesii is now cultivated worldwide. This plant prefers a warm, humid climate, rich organic soil, and good drainage.

It tolerates shade and thrives in semi-shaded conditions. During the summer, the plant often enters a dormant state to avoid direct sunlight. Propagation methods include cutting and grafting.

The Schlumbergera Bridgesii is known for its ability to absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen, thus increasing the concentration of negative oxygen ions in the environment. This not only improves air freshness but also reduces electromagnetic radiation pollution.

12. Schlumbergera Truncata

Schlumbergera Truncata

The Schlumbergera Truncata, also from the cactaceae family, is a succulent shrub. The plant has multiple branches with woody flower stems and flat young branches. The short stem nodes are either oval or inverted egg-shaped, and are a fresh green color.

The plant is leafless, and rose-red flowers bloom at the top of the tender stem nodes. These flowers are symmetrical, with several layers of petals that fold outwards or curve backwards.

The ovary is pear-shaped or round, and the berries are red. The glossy, wide dark brown seeds are oval-shaped. The plant flowers between January and March. The joint stem’s shape resembles a crab’s claw, hence the name “Crab Claw Orchid”.

Schlumbergera Truncata

The native habitat of the Schlumbergera Truncata is Rio de Janeiro state in Brazil. The plant was naturalized in Hawaii and introduced to Taiwan, China from Japan in 1901. It is now commonly cultivated in greenhouses in both Northern and Southern China.

The Schlumbergera Truncata is a short-day plant that prefers a cool, warm environment. It is drought-resistant but can’t tolerate high summer temperatures. It prefers shade and dislikes strong light and rain. The plant thrives in loose, fertile sandy loam. Propagation methods include cutting and grafting.

The entire Schlumbergera Truncata plant can be used for medicinal purposes, known for its detoxifying and swelling-reducing properties. The plant absorbs waste gases such as carbon dioxide exhaled by humans and releases large amounts of fresh oxygen.

This helps to purify the air. The flower language of the Schlumbergera Truncata is: “Good fortune is at hand, turning the universe”, symbolizing a beautiful implication.

13. Sedum Aizoon

Sedum Aizoon

Sedum Aizoon, a perennial herb of the Sedum genus in the Crassulaceae family, has a short rhizome and a stout stem that can reach 50 cm in height, standing erect. The leaves are alternate, firm, and almost leathery.

The umbellate inflorescence has many flowers, the sepals are fleshy, the petals are yellow, and the pistils are long and diamond-shaped. The seeds are oval, and the flowering and fruiting period is from June to September.

Sedum Aizoon is widely distributed and often grows on the edges of mountain forests, in shrubbery, and among riverside grasses. It is shade-tolerant, drought-tolerant, and cold-tolerant, able to overwinter outdoors in the north. It is not selective about soil and has strong adaptability.

Sedum Aizoon contains medical ingredients such as alkaloids, citric acid, sitosterol, flavonoids, sedoheptulose, fructose, and vitamins. These ingredients can prevent arteriosclerosis, lower blood lipids, dilate cerebral blood vessels, and improve coronary circulation, thereby lowering blood pressure, preventing strokes, and protecting against heart disease.

14. Sedum Lineare

Sedum Lineare

Sedum Lineare, a perennial herb of the Sedum genus in the Crassulaceae family, is hairless. The stem is 10-20 cm high. The inflorescence is umbellate, terminal, and sparsely flowered, with a short-stalked flower in the center; the sepals are linear-lanceolate.

The seeds are small. The flowering period is from April to May, and the fruiting period is from June to July. It grows in many places in China, on mountains or on grassy slopes. It is also found in Japan.

Sedum Lineare is a drought-tolerant succulent green grass species used for roof greening with soilless cultivation, bearing an extremely light load, replacing traditional insulation and waterproof protection layers.

The whole plant is medicinal, with the effects of clearing heat and detoxifying, dispersing stasis and reducing swelling, and stopping bleeding.

15. Selenicereus Grandiflorus

Selenicereus Grandiflorus

Selenicereus Grandiflorus, commonly known as the Queen of the Night, is a tulip. Tulips, also known as “enchanting wine glasses,” dazzle with their bright and vivid colors. Black tulips are considered rare treasures, hard to come by.

The Queen of the Night has a bulbous skin that is papery, with a few hairs on the inner surface at the top and base. It has 3-5 leaves, which are linear-lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate.

The flower is a large and gorgeous single bloom at the top; the tepals are red or mixed with white and yellow, sometimes white or yellow, 5-7 cm long, and 2-4 cm wide.

The six stamens are of equal length, and the filaments are hairless; there is no pistil, but the stigma is enlarged and cockscomb-like. The flowering period is from April to May.

The Queen of the Night represents unique leadership power, a declaration of love, the crown of honor, and eternal blessings.

16. Senna Alata

Senna Alata

Senna Alata, a shrub from the legume family, stands at a height of 3 meters. Its leaves are pinnately compound with narrow wings on the leaf stalks and rachis. The leaflets are ovate-oblong with rounded tips and oblique bases.

The inflorescences are racemes, located at the top and in the axils. The pods are band-like, with a papery wing running through the center of each pod segment.

The seeds are slightly flat and triangular. The flowering period is from November to January, and the fruiting period is from December to February. Senna Alata gets its name from the wing-like edges of its pods.

Senna Alata

Native to the tropical regions of the Americas, Senna Alata is also found in other tropical areas of the world. It commonly grows in sparse woods or on relatively arid slopes. It enjoys light, hot and humid climates, and can tolerate drought, acidic conditions, and poor soil but not cold. It prefers loose, fertile sandy loam. It mainly reproduces by seeding.

Senna Alata has medicinal properties that can dispel wind-damp, relieve itching, and soothe diarrhea. It is mainly used to treat eczema, skin itch, herpes, psoriasis, neurodermatitis, boils and abscesses, and constipation. Its seeds are also effective against roundworms.

Senna Alata is an excellent forage plant, with soft tender leaves rich in crude protein, crude fiber, various vitamins, and trace elements. Its floral language stands for “Golden Age, Helping Others”.

17. Senna Surattensis

Senna Surattensis

Senna Surattensis, a shrub or small tree from the legume family, has many branches and ribbed twigs. Its bark is smooth and gray-brown; young branches, rachis, and petioles are covered with fine soft hair.

The rachis and petioles are flattened and square-shaped. The leaflets are long-oval or egg-shaped, with a powdery white underside. The stipules are linear and curved. The racemes are located in the leaf axils on the upper part of the branches.

The petals range from bright yellow to deep yellow, and are ovate to inverted ovate. The pods are flat, band-like, and dehiscent, with a long beak at the top. The seeds are shiny. The flowering and fruiting period is almost year-round.

Senna Surattensis

Native to India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, the Philippines, Australia, and Polynesia, Senna Surattensis is neutral to yang. Young trees can tolerate shade, while mature trees prefer full sun. They are drought-tolerant, but not wind-resistant or waterlogging-tolerant.

They are not demanding about soil, water, or fertilizer conditions, and can grow into scenery on moderately fertile low hills, gentle slopes, roadsides, and urban green belts. They reproduce by seeding and cutting.

Senna Surattensis is sweet and bitter, and cold in nature; it has cooling, detoxifying, and moistening effects. Senna Surattensis has a beautiful shape, and the tree is full of yellow flowers when in bloom. It is often used as an ornamental plant or hedge in gardens, and can also be planted as a street tree or a standalone tree.

18. Serissa Foetida

Serissa Foetida

The Serissa Foetida, also known as June Snow, is a small shrub in the madder family with an elongated cylindrical root system that branches out, featuring a dark grey, grey-white, or yellow-brown surface, with a bark that peels off easily.

Mature branches are dark grey, while young branches are light grey, minutely hairy, and firm. Leaves are paired or clustered, leathery, yellow-green, and may curl or fall off. They are oval to inverted lanceolate in shape.

The plant has a subtle aroma and a bland taste. Flowers are singly or clustered, with a pale pink or white corolla, and bloom from May to July. Legend has it that after the wrongful death of Dou E, a heavy snowfall surprisingly occurred in the scorching June.

Serissa Foetida

June Snow is native to various regions in China, but can also be found in Japan and Vietnam. It typically grows along rivers or in mixed forests in hilly areas. It fears strong light, prefers warm climates, can withstand cold and drought to some extent, and prefers well-drained, fertile, and moist loose soil.

The plant is not high-maintenance and grows robustly, usually propagated by cutting and dividing.

June Snow has proven effective in reducing transaminase in chronic hepatitis, proteinuria and hematuria in chronic nephritis and lupus nephritis. It can be used in conjunction with chicken bone grass for treating hepatitis and with comfrey for treating nephritis.

19. Shaniodendron Subaequale

Shaniodendron Subaequale

Shaniodendron Subaequale, also known as Silver Charm, is a deciduous small tree in the witch-hazel family. It can grow up to 4-5 meters in height. It has naked buds covered with fluff, and star-shaped hairs on buds and young branches.

The leaves are ovate with a blunt end, glossy on the top and with star-shaped soft hairs at the bottom. Short spike-like inflorescences are axillary and terminal, with male flowers and bisexual flowers in the same sequence.

Shaniodendron Subaequale

The flowers are stalkless, with ovate bracts, a shallow cup-shaped calyx, irregular blunt calyx teeth, no petals, long filaments that curve downwards after flowering, and protruding anther partitions.

The ovary is semi-inferior; the capsule is nearly round, the persistent style, the seeds are spindle-shaped, glossy brown, with shallow yellow hilum. It flowers in May.

Silver Charm is widespread in China and prefers a warm and humid climate. It is cold-resistant and can adapt to acidic, neutral, slightly alkaline, and calcareous loamy soil, but it thrives best in deep, fertile, moist, and well-drained loam. Its propagation methods include sowing, cutting, and root insertion.

20. Shinoburedo


The Blue Storm Shinoburedo is a type of plant from the rose family and genus, originating from Luoyang, China. It is a deciduous shrub that thrives in subtropical climate zones.

The primary blooming period of the Blue Storm is from April to May, with sporadic flowering occurring between June and October. Its methods of propagation include asexual reproduction by division and cuttings.

21. Silene Fulgens

Silene Fulgens

Silene Fulgens, known as Autumn Scissors, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the carnation family. It has a spindle-shaped root system, a stem covered sparsely with long soft hairs, and ovate leaves with hair on both sides and edges. The flowers are generally fiery red, brilliantly shiny, with petals split at the top as if cut by scissors, hence the name “Autumn Scissors”. It blooms in autumn.

Autumn Scissors is native to China but can also be found in Japan, Korea, and Russia. It typically grows in the moist shady areas under thin forests and meadows. The plant favors sunlight but can tolerate shade and cold weather. Its primary propagation methods are seed sowing and division.

Autumn Scissors contains flavonoids, coumarins, vitexin, and dehydroepiandrosterone. It can be used to treat acute urinary tract infections, injuries from falls, urinary problems, headaches, and insomnia.

22. Silene Pendula

Silene Pendula

Silene Pendula, or Dwarf Snow Wheel, is a biennial herbaceous plant. Standing 30 cm tall, the entire plant is covered with white soft hair, with glands in the upper part and multiple branches.

The stem has an outward leaning, semi-creeping form from the base. The leaves are opposite, ovate-lanceolate, or narrow-elliptical. The flowers, which bloom from May to June, are axillary and in umbel-shaped clusters.

Cultivated varieties have a wide range of flower colors, including white, light purple, light pink, and rose. The plant is cold hardy, light-loving, and prefers fertile soil rich in humus.

Propagation is by seeds. Seeds are sown in early September, transplanted to a cold bed with frost protection before winter, and then transplanted to open ground in the spring of the following year. Due to its semi-creeping nature, it’s suitable for early planting in flower beds.

23. Sinningia Speciosa

Sinningia Speciosa

The Sinningia Speciosa, also known as Gloxinia, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Gesneriaceae family. This plant features a rhizome, with leaves that are ovate or oval-shaped and grow from the base. The leaf edges are bluntly serrated.

The flowers are terminal, with pedicels as long as the leaves, and the corolla is bell-shaped, in purple or other colors. The Gloxinia bears capsules and blooms from April to June, with the fruiting period spanning from June to July.

Native to Brazil, Gloxinia is now widely cultivated. It thrives in warm, humid, and semi-shaded environments. It’s not cold-resistant and dislikes high temperatures, favoring fertile, loose, and well-drained loam for survival. Propagation methods include division of bulbs, cutting, and seeding.

The Gloxinia plant is petite and exquisite, with lush green leaves and vibrant purple-red flowers that bloom twice a year in spring and fall. It’s the ideal ornamental plant for festive decoration and indoor adornment. Placing Gloxinia indoors can effectively lower carbon dioxide levels and reduce dust pollution, benefiting human health.

24. Sophora Japonica

Sinningia Speciosa

Sophora Japonica, also known as Japanese Pagoda Tree, is a deciduous tree in the Fabaceae family. It has dark gray bark, a spherical tree crown that becomes flat spherical or ovate with age. The branches and leaves are densely packed, with pinnate compound leaves.

The flowers are butterfly-shaped and bloom in the summer with a slight fragrance. The fruit is fleshy, bead-like, and does not split, hanging from the tree tips in winter. The seeds are kidney-shaped and dark brown.

Sophora Japonica is native to Northern China but is also cultivated in Vietnam, Japan, Korea, and Western countries. It enjoys sunlight but can tolerate shade. It can adapt to colder climates, with deep and well-developed roots.

It isn’t particular about the soil type and can grow normally in acidic, alkaline, and mildly saline-alkali conditions. It is resistant to wind as well as drought and nutrient-poor soil, and can adapt to poor urban soil compaction conditions. Propagation is often done through seeding.

25. Sorbaria Kirilowii

Sorbaria Kirilowii

The North China Pearl Plum, Sorbaria Kirilowii, is a shrub in the Rosaceae family. Its small leaves are lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, with sharp double serrated teeth, hairless on both sides or with short soft hairs in the vein axils.

The leaves have short or near non-existent stalks. The flowers are densely clustered in cone-shaped inflorescences, with linear-lanceolate bracts and white petals that are ovate to broad ovate, either the same length as or slightly shorter than the petals, and the pistil is slightly shorter than the stamens.

Sorbaria Kirilowii

The fruit is cylindrical, with persistent sepals that bend back and upright fruit stalks. The flowering period is from June to July, and the fruiting period is from September to October. The North China Pearl Plum gets its name from its clean, round, pearl-like buds and plum-like flowers.

Native to China, the North China Pearl Plum often grows on sunny slopes, mixed forests, and at altitudes of 200-1300 meters. It enjoys sunlight but also has strong shade tolerance, with resistance to cold, dampness, and drought. It can grow normally in general soil. Its propagation methods are usually by division and cutting, but it can also be propagated by sowing.

The bark, branches, and fruit spikes of the North China Pearl Plum can be used medicinally to treat injuries from falls and rheumatoid arthritis, making it an important woody medicinal plant.

26. Sorbaria Sorbifolia

Sorbaria Sorbifolia

The Pearl Plum, Sorbaria Sorbifolia, is a 2-meter-tall shrub in the Rosaceae family. Its twigs are hairless or slightly covered with short soft hairs. It has pinnate compound leaves, with lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate leaflets.

The flowers are densely clustered in cone-shaped inflorescences, with white oval or ovate petals. The fruit is cylindrical with upright fruit stalks. The flowering period is from July to August, and the fruiting period is in September. The Pearl Plum gets its name from its pearl-like buds and plum-like flowers.

Sorbaria Sorbifolia

Native to China, the Pearl Plum also grows in other Asia temperate countries like Siberia, the Far East of Russia, Japan, and the Korean Peninsula. It enjoys light but also tolerates shade and cold, not drought or waterlogging, and prefers fertile, moist, well-drained sandy soil. Its main propagation methods are sowing, cutting, and division.

The Pearl Plum has blood-activating and stasis-removing effects, reducing swelling and relieving pain, and treating fractures and injuries from falls. Its inflorescences are excellent materials for cut flowers and can also be enjoyed in vases. The flower symbolizes friendship and effort.

27. Spanish Lavender

Spanish Lavender

Spanish Lavender, a semi-hardy small shrub in the Lamiaceae family, blooms from February to May in flatlands and from April to October in mid-to-high altitude mountainous areas. Its unique flower shape, and persistent bracts after wilting, make it ideal for dried flower arrangements, offering both fragrance and beauty.

Spanish Lavender

It’s a semi-hardy small shrub that thrives in plenty of sunlight, remaining unharmed even under the intense summer sun. During its growth period, it prefers to be slightly moist; water when the planting material is slightly dry. It has a moderate frost tolerance, and prefers temperatures between 5℃-10℃.

28. Spathiphyllum Floribundum ‘Clevelandii’

Spathiphyllum Floribundum 'Clevelandii’

Spathiphyllum Floribundum ‘Clevelandii’ or Peace Lily, a perennial herb in the Araceae family, grows to heights of 40~60cm. It has a short rhizome and often grows in clusters; its leaves are ovate or lanceolate, tapering at both ends and wedged at the base.

The inflorescence is a spadix, slightly fragrant, with a leaf-like, white or green spathe. It blooms from May to August. Its name, Peace Lily, comes from its flower composition – a white spathe and a yellowish-white spadix – which resembles a hand in a peaceful gesture.

Spathiphyllum Floribundum 'Clevelandii’

Native to the tropical rainforests of Colombia, the Peace Lily prefers warmth, with an optimal growth temperature of 18~28℃, and a wintering temperature above 8℃. It enjoys a moist, semi-shaded environment and should be protected from direct sunlight. Typically, it is propagated by division after flowering.

The Peace Lily is an “expert” at absorbing waste gases, particularly effective against ammonia and acetone. It can also filter toxic gases like formaldehyde, maintaining indoor air humidity, which helps prevent dry nasal membranes.

Folklore holds that the Peace Lily symbolizes good fortune. Its flower’s beautiful appearance has earned it the nickname “Smooth Sailing”, encouraging progress and success in life’s endeavors.

29. Spathodea Campanulata

Spathodea Campanulata

The Spathodea Campanulata, also known as the Flame Tree, is a tree species from the Bignoniaceae family. It has a smooth, gray-brown bark. This tree features odd-pinnate compound leaves, oriented oppositely, with a stalk reaching up to 45 centimeters in length.

It boasts 13 to 17 leaflets, with leaf blades that are oval to obovate in shape. The densely packed flowers are arranged in umbel-like clusters at the apex of the plant, with a brown, slightly soft hair that has noticeable lenticels.

The flower corolla is enlarged on one side, tapering to a thin tube at the base, with a nearly bell-shaped edge. The flowers are orange-red with purple-red spots and protruding stripes on the inside. The petals are broadly ovate, varying in size, and feature longitudinal pleats.

They’re orange-red on the outside and orange-yellow on the inside. The fruit is dark brown and the nearly round seeds, 1.7 to 2.4 centimeters in length and width, have a wing around them. The blooming period is from April to May.

Originally from Africa, the Flame Tree is widely cultivated in India, Sri Lanka, and China. This robust tree prefers high temperatures, with an optimal growth temperature between 23 and 30 degrees Celsius. It can only grow normally at temperatures above 10 degrees Celsius.

30. Spiraea Bumalda

Spiraea Bumalda

The Spiraea Bumalda, known as the Goldflame Spirea, is a dwarf upright shrub from the Rosaceae family. It has thin, weak branches that curve in a “Z” shape. The leaves are ovate to ovate-lanceolate, and larger than those of similar species.

The leaf color varies, with new leaves being orange-red and old leaves turning yellow-green. In autumn and winter, the leaves turn bright red or purple-red.

The flowers are light purple-red, arranged in corymbose inflorescences, and bloom in June, with fruit appearing between August and September.

The Goldflame Spirea is native to the United States and has been domesticated and cultivated throughout China. This plant loves sunlight, is somewhat shade-tolerant, and is resistant to cold, drought, saline-alkali soils, and barren conditions.

However, it does not do well in waterlogged conditions, and prefers neutral to slightly alkaline soil. It thrives in warm, sunlit areas with good drainage and moisture. Propagation of the Goldflame Spirea is done through seeding, cutting, or splitting.

31. Spiraea Cantoniensis

Spiraea Cantoniensis

Spiraea Cantoniensis, a shrub from the Rosaceae and Spiraea genus, can reach a height of 1.5 meters. It has slender, small twigs and small oval winter buds. The leaves are rhombic and lanceolate to long oval, with a dark green top and a gray-blue underside, both sides are hairless, as are the leaf stalks.

The umbel flower arrangement consists of numerous flowers; the bracts are linear, the calyx is bell-shaped, the sepals are triangular or ovate-triangular, and the petals are nearly round or ovate, in white. The flower disk consists of nearly round segments of various sizes.

The ovary is nearly hairless, the achenes stand upright, and the flower pistil is terminal. It blooms from April to May and bears fruit from July to September.

It is cultivated in gardens for ornamental purposes. The flower arrangement is dense, the flower color is pure white, and it blooms profusely in early spring like accumulated snow, which is very beautiful. Its branches and leaves can be used to treat skin diseases.

32. Spiraea Japonica

Spiraea Japonica

Spiraea Japonica, a shrub from the Rosaceae and Spiraea genus, can also reach a height of 1.5 meters. It has slender, nearly cylindrical branches; the winter buds are oval with several scales. The leaves are oval to elliptical, the tips are sharply pointed to shortly acuminate, and the leaf stalks have short soft hairs.

The compound umbel inflorescence grows at the top of the upright new branches of the year. The bracts are lanceolate to linear-lanceolate. The outside of the flower calyx has sparse short soft hairs, the calyx is bell-shaped, the sepals are triangular, the pink petals are oval to round, and the flower disk is ring-shaped. It blooms from June to July and bears fruit from August to September.

Spiraea Japonica

Spiraea Japonica is native to Japan and the Korean Peninsula. It thrives on slopes, in shrub forests, or next to valleys at altitudes of 1100 to 2600 meters. It is robust, light-loving, slightly shade-tolerant, cold-resistant, drought-resistant, barren-tolerant, and prefers moist, fertile soil. Its reproduction methods are generally by division, cutting, or seeding.

Spiraea Japonica tastes bitter, is cool in nature, and is non-toxic. It is used to treat symptoms such as cough, red eyes, corneal opacity, and headache.

33. Stapelia Gigantea

Stapelia Gigantea

Stapelia Gigantea, also known as Giant Leopard Plant, is a species of the Apocynaceae family. It has a thick stem, large flowers, and fine hairs growing on the edges. This columnar plant is multi-branched and grows in clusters, with four edges on its columnar form and small warts on the edges.

The flowers are large, five-pointed star-shaped, yellow, and feature horizontal brown stripes, hence the name resembling a leopard’s skin. The flowering period is during the summer and fall seasons.

Native to tropical Africa, the Giant Leopard Plant thrives in fertile soil and is cultivated in southern China.

34. Sterculia Lanceolata

Sterculia Lanceolata

Sterculia Lanceolata is a tree species of the Malvaceae family. The young branches are hairy; the leaves are oval or lanceolate, with a sharp tip and a blunt or nearly round base without hair; the flowers are pale red and grow in axillary panicles; the fruit is bright red, long ovate or elliptical; the seeds are ovate and dark brown; the flowering period is from April to June.

Sterculia Lanceolata

Sterculia Lanceolata is widely distributed in China and can also be found in Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos. It often grows in the wild and near mountain streams.

Sterculia Lanceolata prefers sunlight but can tolerate semi-shade, enjoys a warm and humid climate, and is not picky about soil. The main methods of propagation are cutting and sowing.

Sterculia Lanceolata can be used for swelling pain, sores, and abscesses.

35. Sterculia Monosperma

Sterculia Monosperma

Sterculia Monosperma, a tree species of the Malvaceae family, has a brown-black bark and the young branches have slight stellate hair.

The leaves are thin and leathery, rectangular or elliptical, with a sharp or blunt tip and a round or blunt base, both sides are hairless; the inflorescence is conical, terminal or axillary, soft and dispersed, with short soft hair; the flower stems are much longer than the flowers; the calyx is initially milky white, then turns pale red, bell-shaped, with short soft hair on the outside, the sepals are strip-shaped or lanceolate, tapering at the tip and curved inward, at the top they stick together, equal to the bell-shaped calyx tube; the fruit is bright red, thick leathery, rectangular or ovate, with a beak at the top, each fruit contains a seed; the seeds are elliptical or rectangular, dark brown; the flowering period is 4-5 months. Sterculia Monosperma is commonly known as Phoenix Eye Fruit.

Sterculia Monosperma

Sterculia Monosperma is mainly found in China, India, and Southeast Asia. It tolerates shade and propagates by cutting and sowing.

The seeds of Sterculia Monosperma are rich in starch. When steamed directly on rice flour, they have a sweet and glutinous taste similar to chestnuts and can be eaten.

The harvested Sterculia Monosperma fruit is shelled, sun-dried, has a sweet taste, and is warm; it can help digestion, detoxify and kill insects; it has certain medicinal value.

36. Strelitzia Reginae

Strelitzia Reginae

Strelitzia Reginae, also known as the Bird of Paradise, is a perennial herbaceous plant from the Strelitziaceae family. It is stemless, with elongated oval leaves that are pointed at the top and wavy at the bottom.

The flowers, typically as long as or slightly shorter than the leaf stalk, feature spear-shaped orange sepals and arrow-shaped petals of a dark blue color. The stamens are the same length as the petals and the pistil is prominent. The Bird of Paradise blossoms in winter, earning its name from the crane-like appearance of its flowers.

Originally from Southern Africa, the Bird of Paradise is a subtropical plant that loves long hours of sunlight, warm, humid, and sun-drenched environments. It fears the cold, dislikes extreme heat, drought, and waterlogging, and requires well-drained, loose, fertile soil.

Its optimum growth temperature is between 20-28°C. In its natural habitat, the plant is pollinated by hummingbirds that weigh only 2 grams, making it a typical bird-pollinated plant. It reproduces through division or seeding.

The flower shape of the commonly circulated Bird of Paradise resembles the bird-of-paradise found in Papua New Guinea, hence its nickname “Paradise Bird Flower”. Also known as the “Heavenly Bird”, it symbolizes freedom, auspiciousness, happiness, and an unwavering love.

37. Sweet Chariot

Sweet Chariot

‘Sweet Chariot’ is a variety of rose cultivated in the United States in 1984. It is a mini-floribunda rose of purple or mixed purple color.

Its nickname, ‘Sweet Explosion Purple’, refers to its tendency to bloom in large clusters, creating a ‘burst’ of flowers. It blooms repeatedly across multiple seasons, offering a constant display of flowers. The rose has a strong damask fragrance, and its petals are a mix of purple and magenta.

The ‘Sweet Chariot’ plant is small and slow-growing, producing small flowers, leaves, and stems. Its petals vary in color and it is relatively easy to grow. Generally disease-free, overwatering can lead to leaf drop. It is an ideal plant for balcony gardening.

38. Symplocarpus Renifolius

Symplocarpus Renifolius

Symplocarpus Renifolius, a plant from the Araceae family, is a perennial herb with basal leaves. The leaf blade is a shallow heart shape or ovate, measuring 20-40 cm in length and 15-35 cm in width. The rhizome is robust, with a diameter reaching 7 cm. It produces leaves one year, followed by scale leaves and inflorescences the next.

It is found in the Heilongjiang, Songhua, and Ussuri River basins in Northeast China, the Okhotsk region in Western Siberia, Russia, central to northern Japan, North America, and other regions. It grows in the moist coniferous or mixed forests, often forming large patches in swampy areas.

39. Syringa Villosa Vahl

Syringa Villosa Vahl

The Syringa Villosa Vahl, commonly known as the Red Lilac, is a shrub from the Oleaceae family that can grow up to 4 meters tall. Its branches are sturdy and erect, with a gray-brown coloration.

The leaves of the Red Lilac are ovate, elliptic, broadly elliptic to ovate-elliptic in shape, with a deep green color on top and a powdery green underneath. Its conical flower clusters are upright, emanating from the terminal buds in an oblong or tower shape, and are pleasantly fragrant.

The calyx teeth are sharp or blunt, and the corolla ranges in color from light purple-red, pink to white.

As the flowers mature, their segments spread out at right angles, taking on an ovate or oblong-elliptic shape. The fruit of the Red Lilac is oblong, and it blooms from May to June, bearing fruit in September.

The Red Lilac is native to China, growing on hillsides, in shrubs, alongside ditches, and by rivers at altitudes ranging from 1200 to 2200 meters. It is a superior ornamental variety within the Syringa genus, known for its resilience.

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