7 Flowers That Start With Z

Zamioculcas Zamiifolia

The Zamioculcas zamiifolia, is a plant species of the Araceae family and the Zamioculcas genus. It is also known by other names such as Coin Tree, Zamioculcas, Zamia Leaf Araceae, and Dragon Phoenix Wood.

As an evergreen herbaceous plant primarily appreciated for its foliage, the name “Zamia leaf” suggests that it is an Araceae plant with leaves similar to those of Zamia ferns, hence the name “Zamia Leaf Araceae”. The names “money” and “coin” are related to the shape, texture, and arrangement of the leaflets on its leaf axis.

Its cylindrical leaf axis is thick and fleshy, with evenly pinnate leaflets that are thick and shiny, resembling a string of connected coins. The term “tree” is used in its name primarily because its robust, upright leaf axis gives it the appearance of a woody plant.

The Zamioculcas zamiifolia is an extremely rare foliar plant with underground tubers and is native to tropical Africa. It does not have a main stem above ground; instead, adventitious buds sprout from the tubers to form large compound leaves. These leaflets are meaty with short petioles, and are firm and dark green.

The underground part is a large tuber. The roots produce leaves, and pinnate compound leaves sprout from the top of the tuber. The leaf axis is robust, and the leaflets appear opposite or nearly opposite on the leaf axis. The base of the petiole is swollen and woody. Each compound leaf has 6-10 pairs of leaflets, with a lifespan of over 2-3 years, constantly being replaced by new leaves.

Zantedeschia Aethiopica

The Zantedeschia Aethiopica is a robust perennial herb belonging to the Magnoliopsida class, Araceae family, and Calla genus. It has a tuberous rhizome and easily forms clumps. The leaves are basal with a sheath at the lower part. They are relatively thick, green, heart-shaped or arrow-shaped, with pointed or gradually tapering tips, and a heart-shaped or hastate base. It prefers loose, fertile, humus-rich clay soil.

The Zantedeschia Aethiopica is poisonous, containing a large amount of calcium oxalate crystals and alkaloids, which can cause symptoms of poisoning such as drowsiness if ingested. This species is recorded as a non-toxic plant in the Chinese Plant Atlas Database, but its toxicity lies in the tuber, spadix, and spathaceous inflorescence. Chewing on a small piece of the tuber can cause swelling and pain in the mouth and throat.

Zantedeschia Aethiopicas are medicinal, known for their heat-clearing and detoxifying effects. They are used to treat burns by applying a smashed amount of fresh tuber externally. To prevent tetanus, the smashed tuber is applied externally to the wound. However, due to its toxicity, ingestion of the Zantedeschia Aethiopica is strictly contraindicated.

In Europe and America, the Calla Lily is a popular flower for bridal bouquets. It is also the national flower of Ethiopia.

Zantedeschia Albomaculata 白马蹄莲

Zantedeschia Albomaculata, commonly known as the White Calla Lily, is a plant species in the Araceae family. The Zantedeschia Albomaculata has lanceolate leaves with white blotches on both surfaces. Its veins are minute and numerous, slightly concave on the upper side and slightly protruding on the underside.

The male and female inflorescences are nearly equal in length, slightly slender, and lack a pistil; the stigmas are disc-shaped. The berries are flattened, spherical, and green. The fruiting period is in August, while the blooming period lasts from December to June of the following year. Its name “Calla Lily” derives from its immaculate white flower spathe, which resembles a horse’s hoof.

The Zantedeschia Albomaculata is a common variety within the Calla Lily species. Originally native to the southern regions of South Africa, this plant thrives in warm, humid environments. It is drought-intolerant and may be forced into dormancy during hot summer weather. In winter, it requires ample sunlight and fertile, well-draining soil rich in humus with slight stickiness. Propagation of the Calla Lily is achieved through seeds or division.

Zantedeschia Hybrida

The Zantedeschia Hybrida, is a perennial herb belonging to the Araceae family. It encompasses all species and hybrid varieties other than the Zantedeschia Albomaculata. The plant is characterized by its large, fleshy tuber, and its bright green leaves that grow from the base with smooth edges.

The spadix, a vivid yellow, stands upright in the center of the spathe, which resembles the shape of a horseshoe and comes in various colors like white, yellow, pink, red, and purple.

Originally found in the rivers and swamps of southern Africa, the plant prefers warmth and is not frost-resistant.


The Zantedeschia Hybrida is known for its unique flower shape and rich colors. It is often used in the creation of bouquets, flower baskets, wreaths, and vase arrangements.

Shorter and smaller flower varieties are suitable for pot planting, while the plant itself can be displayed on steps, window sills, balconies, or in front of mirrors. It also serves as a perfect complement when planted in gardens, in clusters around ponds, or near rock piles.

Zephyranthes Candida

The Zephyranthes Candida, also known as the Onion Lily, Jade Curtain, or Onion Orchid, is a perennial herbaceous plant from the Amaryllidaceae family. It has an ovate bulb, about 2.5 cm in diameter, with a prominent neck that is 2.5-5 cm long. The leaves are linear, fleshy, and bright green, measuring 20-30 cm long and 2-4 mm wide.

Native to South America, it is cultivated all over China. It thrives in abundant sunlight and can tolerate semi-shade. It is commonly used as an edging plant in flower beds, suitable for green space cluster planting, ideally as a ground cover plant in semi-shaded areas under trees, or planted alongside courtyard pathways.

Zephyranthes Carinata

Zephyranthes Carinata, also known as rain lily, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the amaryllis family, growing in clusters. It’s also known as the storm flower or leek lily.

The Zephyranthes Carinata, due to its physical likeness to chives and its large blossoms resembling daffodils, is highly suitable for cultivation in parks and courtyards. Clusters of rain lilies in bloom are extraordinarily beautiful, carrying a strong ornamental appeal.

With underground bulbs and linear leaves resembling chives, the trumpet-shaped adult plants all have the ability to bloom.

Even though the flower shape is relatively common, it is often cultivated in gardens as ground cover, creating a strikingly beautiful sight when in full bloom. Originally native to Central and South America, it is now commonly cultivated in parks and gardens across China.

Zinnia Elegans

Zinnia Elegans, also known as the Common Zinnia, is an annual plant of the daisy family. It has deep roots and an upright stem that is not easily prone to lodging, covered in coarse or stiff hairs. The leaves are broadly ovate or elongated oval-shaped. The ray florets come in deep red, rose, pansy, or white, while the disc florets are yellow or orange.

The female flower’s achene is ovate, and the tube flower’s achene is ovate wedge-shaped. The blooming period is from June to September, while the fruiting period is from July to October. The first flower of the Zinnia Elegans blooms at the top, and then the side branches bloom even higher than the first, hence the nickname “progressively ascending.”

The Zinnia Elegans is native to Mexico and started to be cultivated in China in the 1920s, mainly introduced from the United States and Japan. It thrives in warmth, is not cold-tolerant, loves the sun, dislikes extreme heat, is robust, and is drought and barren soil resistant.

Leave a Comment