43 Flowers That Start With A

1. Abelia Grandiflora

Abelia Grandiflora

Abelia Grandiflora, known as Glossy Abelia, is a semi-evergreen dwarf shrub from the Caprifoliaceae family. Its young stems are reddish-brown and have short soft hairs.

The leaves are ovate and dark green with a glossy finish, while its bell-shaped flowers are white. Its inflorescences are conical and bloom profusely. The flowering period is extensive, lasting from May to November.

Glossy Abelia results from a crossbreed between the Chinese native species “nuo mi tiao” and the singular-flowered abelia, with its blossoms being roughly twice the size of the “nuo mi tiao”.

The flowers, white with a hint of pink, resemble funnels, and the plant can grow up to 1.5 meters tall. It possesses a strong creeping ability, with its slender branches exhibiting a reddish hue.

Glossy Abelia is native to Europe but is also found in East, Southwest, and North China. It loves sunlight, tolerates both heat and cold, and adapts well to various soil conditions, including acidic, neutral, or slightly alkaline soils.

Additionally, it exhibits some drought and barren soil resistance. Known for its vigorous branching, it is also pruning tolerant. Propagation is primarily through cuttings.

The pinkish-white flowers of Glossy Abelia are abundant, and after the flowers wither, its pink sepals remain, retaining their beauty until winter.

With a blooming period extending up to six months, it’s an excellent plant for summer and autumn floral viewing. Its compact structure and swaying branches and leaves make it perfect as ground cover or a low hedge.

It can be positioned beneath forests, in flowerbeds, or used as an adornment by roadsides or next to stones.

2. Abutilon Pictum

Abutilon Pictum

Abutilon Pictum, commonly referred to as Flowering Maple, is an evergreen shrub from the Malvaceae family, growing up to 1 meter tall. Its leaves are palmate with ovate, tapering lobes that have serrated or coarse edges.

Both sides of the leaves can be either smooth or lightly covered in star-shaped soft hairs. The leaf stalks, measuring 3-6 cm, are hairless, and the stipules, shaped like drills, often fall off early.

The flowers, borne singly at the leaf axils, hang downwards. They are bell-shaped, orange-yellow with purple streaks, and have soft hairs on their exteriors. The anthers are brown-yellow and cluster at the tip of the column.

The ovary has a blunt tip, is hairy, with the purple column branches ending in a capitate stigma. The fruit remains unseen. Flowering occurs between May and October.

Flowering Maple is indigenous to South American countries like Brazil and Uruguay. It thrives in warm, moist climates and is not cold-tolerant.

While it prefers sunlight, it can tolerate partial shade. It grows best in fertile, moist, well-drained, slightly acidic soils but can also endure impoverished soils. Propagation is mainly through cuttings.

With its vibrant and lovely flower appearance, the Flowering Maple is suitable for pot cultivation or for decorating flowerbeds and landscapes.

Due to its decorative appeal, it has notable ornamental value. In regions like Jiangsu and Zhejiang, winter protection is essential due to its low cold tolerance. When placed indoors, it’s best situated in warm and sunlit areas.

3. Adenium Obesum

Adenium Obesum

Adenium Obesum, commonly known as Desert Rose, is a succulent shrub or small tree from the Apocynaceae family. It has a thick and tuberous root that is tender and white, with tendrils on top. The leaves are opposite, green, and lack a petiole.

The flowers are relatively large, funnel-shaped with fine hairs on the outside. They have a pink outer edge, with a paler center. The seeds are dark brown with white soft hairs. Its blooming season is from April to May, and the fruiting period is from August to September.

Due to its origin near deserts and its red flowers resembling roses, it’s named “Desert Rose.”

Desert Rose is native to parts of Africa like Kenya and Tanzania. It prefers a warm, dry environment with abundant sunlight and good ventilation. The plant is drought-resistant and does not tolerate excessive moisture. It thrives in fertile, loose, and well-drained sandy soil.

Propagation is primarily through seeds and cuttings. However, due to complex terrains, the survival rate from seed propagation is low, so cuttings are often preferred.

Medicinally, the Desert Rose is ingested to treat nausea, dysentery, prolapsed rectum, hematemesis, bloody stools, mumps, and excessive vaginal discharge. Externally, it can be applied to treat sores and swellings.

Although the Desert Rose is a small plant, its unique shape makes it a popular ornamental plant. It can be planted in the ground or in pots for indoor decoration.

With its elegant and lofty appearance, the Desert Rose is not only symbolic of love but also represents enduring friendship.

4. Adonis Amurensis

Adonis Amurensis

Adonis Amurensis, or Amur Adonis, is a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the Ranunculaceae family. It has a short and thick rhizome, which is either hairless or sparsely covered with short soft hairs at the top.

Sometimes, it branches out, and the base often has several membranous scales. Its leaves, which grow larger after flowering, have long stalks at the base and are hairless. The leaves are triangular in shape.

The sepals often exhibit a pale grayish-purple hue and are elliptical or oblong. They are either the same length as or slightly longer than the yellow petals. The ovary is softly hairy, and the achene is ovate. It flowers between March and April.

Adonis Amurensis is found in China but is also present in North Korea, Japan, and the Far East regions of Russia. It grows on hillside grasslands or beneath forests.

The roots and the entire plant contain cardiac glycosides like adenin, strophanthin, and toxic glycoside, making it poisonous. However, it also has medicinal properties.

5. Aeginetia Indica

Aeginetia Indica

Aeginetia Indica, commonly referred to in traditional Chinese medicine by its name, is derived from the root and flower of the Aeginetia orientale L. plant from the Orobanchaceae family. It’s an annual parasitic herb, growing between 15-40cm, occasionally up to 50cm.

The plant has a slightly fleshy root with tree-like fine branches. The stem is yellow-brown or purplish-red, branching near its base, and occasionally from the middle. Its leaves are flesh-red, ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, measuring about 5-10mm in length and 3-4mm in width, with both surfaces being smooth and hairless.

Aeginetia Indica prefers areas with deep soil, moisture, and abundant dead leaves. It’s commonly found at altitudes ranging from 200-1800 meters, especially in the Zhejiang region of China.

Medicinally, it is believed to have heat-clearing and detoxifying effects. It’s often used to treat conditions such as tonsillitis, pharyngitis, urinary tract infections, high fever in children, osteomyelitis, boils, and snakebites.

6. Aeonium Arboreum

Aeonium Arboreum

Aeonium Arboreum ‘Zwartkop’, often called “Black Rose” or “Black Tree Aeonium,” belongs to the Crassulaceae family and the Aeonium genus.

In nature, there’s no natural distribution for this particular cultivar. The ‘Zwartkop’ is a cultivated variety known for its dark purple, almost black leaves. It has a shrub-like appearance, grows upright to about 1 meter in height, and has multiple branches.

The older stems turn woody, and they have a cylindrical shape with a light brown color.

The Black Rose prefers a warm, dry environment with abundant sunlight. It is considered a “winter-grower,” drought-resistant, cold-sensitive, and can tolerate semi-shade. However, with insufficient sunlight, its leaves turn green.

While the original species is native to the Canary Islands in Morocco, this cultivar, due to its striking dark leaves arranged in a rosette pattern, has a mysterious and solemn feel, making it highly valued as an ornamental plant.

It’s ideal for planting in well-draining, breathable substrates. The plant is also found in many parts of California, USA.

7. Agapanthus Africanus

Agapanthus Africanus

Agapanthus africanus, also known as African Lily, is a herbaceous plant from the Amaryllidaceae family and Agapanthus genus. This plant has a bulbous base; its leaves are linear to lanceolate or strap-like and are nearly leathery in texture, sprouting from the bulbous base.

The flower heads are umbel-shaped, with funnel-like flowers that can be deep blue or white. They bloom between July and August and fruit during the fall. The name “Agapanthus” refers to the abundant seeds it produces after flowering.

Native to South Africa, the African Lily is now cultivated in many parts of China. It thrives in warm, moist environments with ample sunlight. During the summer, it prefers cooler conditions and warmer temperatures in the winter.

In summer, direct exposure to intense sunlight should be limited, while ensuring sufficient sunlight in the winter, avoiding waterlogging. Propagation can be achieved through division or seeding.

Medicinally, Agapanthus is warm in nature and spicy in flavor. It is believed to promote blood circulation, treat boils, reduce swelling, and have certain detoxifying effects. Known for its prolific flowers, its symbolic meaning in the language of flowers represents the visitation and communication of love.

With its rich green leaves and graceful flowers that come in elegant shades, it’s an excellent choice for ground cover and floral borders.

8. Agastache Rugosa

Agastache Rugosa

Agastache Rugosa, commonly known as Korean Mint, is a perennial herb from the Lamiaceae family and Agastache genus.

The stems are finely hairy, becoming hairless towards the base; its leaves are heart-shaped or quadrate. The corolla of the flower presents a pale purple-blue hue, and upon fruiting, it forms an ovate-cylindrical nutlet.

Korean Mint is widely distributed across China. It enjoys high temperatures and is intolerant to extreme cold and drought, preferring environments with ample rainfall and moisture. Propagation is usually through seeds, sowed and harvested in the same year.

In gardens, Korean Mint is used in certain service green areas for the visually impaired to enhance their plant recognition.

Medicinally, Korean Mint is believed to dispel dampness, invigorate the spleen, remove foulness, relieve summer heat, and promote sweating. However, excessive consumption might intensify heat symptoms and could potentially harm the stomach, deplete energy, and damage yin.

Both the stems and the flowers of Korean Mint are fragrant, making it a good choice for lawns, forest edges, slopes, and roadside planting in gardens.

9. Agave Desmetiana

Agave Desmetiana

Agave Desmetiana, commonly referred to as “Parrot Flower“, is an intriguing small herbaceous plant of the Impatiens genus, also known as “Thorny Woody Vine. This perennial herbaceous plant has a height ranging from 0.5 to 1.5 meters.

Its stems are succulent, pale green, and hollow, extending 30-150 centimeters and featuring numerous light purple-red branches. The leaves are elliptic to lanceolate, green in color, with sharp serrated edges, measuring 5-10 centimeters in length and 2-4 centimeters in width.

Parrot Flower thrives in forests or on limestone rocks. It cannot be hydroponically cultivated and has stringent growth environmental requirements.

During its propagation period, some even rely on local insects for assistance, making reproduction challenging.

This plant can be observed in local botanical gardens in Thailand. Its flowers exhibit a pinkish-purple hue, interspersed with green and deep red colors, resembling the diverse feathers of a parrot perching in the air or on the grass.

Due to its rarity, those wishing to view the Parrot Flower typically need to visit its native home in Thailand.

10. Ageratum Conyzoides

Ageratum Conyzoides

Ageratum Conyzoides, commonly known as “Billygoat Weed” or “Goatweed”, is an annual herbaceous plant from the Asteraceae family and Ageratum genus. It lacks a prominent taproot.

The stem is robust with a 4 mm diameter at the base. Its branches are pale red or have an upper green portion covered in white powdery short hairs. The leaves are oppositely arranged and are ovate or elongate in shape. The inflorescence of Goatweed is umbellate.

The general bract is bell-shaped or hemispherical with elongate or lanceolate bracts. The corolla is long, hairless on the outside, or has powdery soft hairs at the tip, and is pale purple. The fruit is a dark brown achene, and it blooms from July to December.

Billygoat Weed is native to Central and South America. As a weed, it’s widely distributed across Africa, India, Indonesia, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, and China. It thrives in warm, sunlit environments and isn’t picky about soil. It’s not frost-tolerant and doesn’t grow well in extreme heat.

Typically found in valleys, slopes under or at the edge of forests, riversides, grassy mountain sides, fields, or wastelands, its propagation is primarily through seeding and stem cuttings.

Billygoat Weed, with its subtle flower colors, is often used to adorn flower beds, ground covers, ornamental lawns, and as ground cover material.

Medically, it can be used to treat ailments like mastitis, sore throat, diarrhea, kidney stones, eczema, thrush, boils, leg ulcers, otitis media, and external bleeding from injuries.

11. Aglaia Odorata Lour

Aglaia Odorata Lour

Aglaia Odorata Lour, commonly known as “Chinese Rice Flower”, belongs to the Meliaceae family and Aglaia genus. This plant has many branches on the same stem, with extremely narrow wings on the petiole.

The opposite leaves are ovate to elliptical. The yellow, fragrant flowers grow in axillary panicles. Its flowering period is long, spanning three seasons, but it is most abundant in summer and autumn, primarily from June to August.

The flowers are tiny, about the size of a grain of rice, leading to its name “Chinese Rice Flower”.

The Chinese Rice Flower is native to southern China and southern Asia and is now widely distributed in tropical regions. It thrives in sunny, warm places. Under abundant sunlight and higher temperatures, the flowers produce a strong fragrance.

The plant prefers humus-rich, fertile, slightly acidic soil. For propagation, air layering and stem cuttings are commonly used. It often grows in sparse forests or shrublands in low-altitude mountains.

The flowers of the Chinese Rice Flower have properties that can invigorate the flow of qi, alleviate depression, sober up, and clear the lungs, making them useful for colds.

The flower symbolizes that life blossoms with love. It’s often used metaphorically for teachers, symbolizing “noble qualities” and reflecting people’s respect for educators.

12. Albizia Julibrissin

Albizia Julibrissin

Albizia Julibrissin, commonly known as “Silk Tree” or “Mimosa”, is a deciduous tree from the Fabaceae family and Albizia genus. The tree has a broad canopy. The twigs have ridges, and young branches, leaves, and inflorescences all have tiny velvety hairs.

The leaves are needle-like, small, and shed early. The flower clusters are conical at the branch tips, mainly in pink.

The fruits are band-like, with young fruits having soft hairs while mature fruits do not. The flowering period is from June to July, and the fruiting period is from August to October.

Due to its fluffy pink flowers, the tree is also known as the “Silk Flower Tree”. When the flower clusters are inverted, they resemble the red tassels on horse bells, thus it’s also called the “Horse Tassel Flower”.

The Silk Tree is native to Asia and Africa. It often grows on slopes or is cultivated by humans. It can be found in Africa, Central Asia to East Asia, and is also cultivated in North America.

The tree grows rapidly, loves sunlight, is slightly cold-sensitive, drought-resistant, tolerates barren conditions, has low soil requirements, and doesn’t tolerate waterlogging. Its primary propagation method is by seeds.

The wood is straight-grained and fine-textured, suitable for furniture and agricultural tools. Young leaves are edible, while older leaves can be used for washing clothes. The bark, combined with other medicinal ingredients, can treat restlessness, depression, and insomnia.

The Silk Tree has significant economic value. Its broad, shady canopy and beautifully fragrant flowers in summer make it a popular choice as a city street tree or ornamental tree.

13. Alcea Rosea

Alcea Rosea

Alcea Rosea, commonly known as “Hollyhock”, belongs to the Malvaceae family and the Alcea genus. The plant gets its name “Duanwu Flower” because it blooms around the time of the Dragon Boat Festival (Duanwu Festival).

The plant can grow up to 2 meters tall, with stems densely covered in stellate hairs and stiff hairs. The leaves resemble a nearly round heart shape, sparsely covered with stellate soft hairs on top and stellate long stiff hairs or down on the bottom.

The flowers can be single or double petaled and come in various colors such as purple, pink, red, and white. The fruit appears disc-shaped, covered in short soft hairs, and has longitudinal grooves; the seeds are kidney-shaped. Its flowering period is from February to August.

Due to its height and predominantly red flowers, it’s also called “Yi Zhang Hong” which translates to “Ten Feet Red”.

Hollyhock is native to China. It thrives in sunny locations but can tolerate semi-shaded areas. It grows most robustly in sparse shade, is cold-resistant, prefers a cool climate, and thrives in fertile, deep soil.

Both wild and cultivated varieties exist, with the typical propagation methods being sowing seeds, cuttings, or division.

The plant has a sweet taste and a cooling nature. The root can be used medicinally, having properties to clear heat, detoxify, remove excess mucus, and promote diuresis. The seeds have diuretic effects and can help treat urinary infections, while the flowers aid in bowel movements and detoxification.

Hollyhock is also a popular garden plant, often used as a backdrop in flowerbeds or gardens, planted along walls or fences, or as a greenery material at the edges of courtyards.

14. Allamanda Cathartica

Allamanda Cathartica

Allamanda Cathartica, commonly known as “Golden Trumpet”, belongs to the Apocynaceae family and Allamanda genus. It’s a vine-like shrub that can grow up to 4 meters, with milky sap.

Leaves are opposite or arranged in groups of 3 to 5, and are ovate, narrowly ovate, or elliptical. The flowers have short stalks, are 7 to 14 cm long, and the corolla is yellow. The corolla tube is 4 to 8 cm long, cylindrical at the base and bell-shaped at the top.

The fruit is nearly spherical, 3 to 7 cm long, with spikes reaching 1 cm. The seeds are flat with a membranous edge or winged.

Golden Trumpet is native to South America but is widely cultivated in tropical regions worldwide. The plant loves humid conditions and full sunlight, is heat and drought-resistant but cannot tolerate cold. The optimal growth temperature is between 22°C to 30°C.

It’s not picky about soil but prefers loose, fertile loamy soil. Planting in well-lit areas is recommended; otherwise, flowering is reduced. The soil should be kept moist during the growth period without over-watering.

Apart from adding a suitable amount of base fertilizer when planting, fertilize once or twice a month. Propagation is best done by cuttings during spring or autumn.

15. Allemanda Neriifolia

Allemanda Neriifolia

Allemanda Neriifolia, commonly known as the Yellow Cicada, is a shrubby plant from the Apocynaceae family, specifically from the Yellow Cicada genus. This plant can grow up to 6.5 feet tall. It features elliptical or narrowly ovate leaves with a slightly rough venation.

The undersides of the leaves have prominent veins, and the petioles are very short. The flowers have a slender, funnel-shaped corolla, and the fruit is spherical covered in long spines. Blooming occurs between May and August, while the fruiting period is from October to December.

Originally from Brazil, the Yellow Cicada is widely cultivated throughout the tropical regions of the Americas. It thrives in warm, humid conditions with ample sunlight. During its growth phase, it requires frequent watering.

When the air becomes dry, misting the plant is advised, but watering should be reduced during its dormant phase. Propagation is mainly through seeds or stem cuttings.

The Yellow Cicada has a bitter taste and cold nature. Its milky sap is toxic, and if consumed by humans or animals, symptoms can include an accelerated heartbeat, circulatory and respiratory dysfunctions, and miscarriages in pregnant animals.

Nevertheless, it has insecticidal properties and can exterminate mosquito larvae. When applied externally, it can reduce swelling.

Boasting resistance to poor soil and pollution, the Yellow Cicada is ideal for greening industrial and mining areas, underlining its high ecological and environmental value.

16. Allium Giganteum

Allium Giganteum

Allium Giganteum, commonly known as Giant Onion, is a perennial evergreen herbaceous plant of the Allium family. It stands 30-60 centimeters tall and has a bulbous, round base. Its leaves are wide-linear to lanceolate in shape and are green in color.

The flower stalk is tall, reaching about 1 meter in height, bearing spherical umbel-shaped inflorescences made up of hundreds of small reddish-purple flowers. The seeds are spherical and black. It blooms between May and June and is named for its large flowers.

Native to Central Asia and the Himalayas, Giant Onion was later introduced to China and is well-suited for cultivation in the northern regions.It prefers cool environments, ample sunlight, and temperatures between 15-25°C. It thrives in fertile, loose soil with good drainage and rich in organic matter.

In the wild, it reproduces by self-seeding. For artificial propagation, one can use seeds or bulb division, ideally in the fall. When planting, it’s essential to rotate plots annually to avoid consecutive cultivation.

The Giant Onion is used to treat dysentery and diarrhea. It has a pungent taste and a strong aroma, known for its ability to warm the stomach, prevent cold diarrhea, and dispel coldness.

It is a popular perennial flower and is often used to decorate floral displays or adorn the center of lawns, creating a picturesque landscape. It is a vital material for cut flowers commonly found in Hong Kong, Taiwan, and other parts of China.

17. Amethyst Wisteria

Amethyst Wisteria

Amethyst Wisteria has flower spikes ranging from 60-80 centimeters in length, with purple flowers. This deciduous vine has stems that twist to the left, thick branches, and young stems covered in white soft hairs which eventually fall off.

The winter buds are ovate. Its odd-pinnate leaves are 15-25 centimeters long, with lanceolate stipules that drop early. Each leaf comprises 3-6 pairs of paper-like leaflets, ranging from ovate-elliptical to ovate-lanceolate.

The raceme inflorescence grows from the axillary or terminal buds of the previous year’s short branches, measuring 15-30 centimeters in length and 8-10 centimeters in diameter. The fruiting period is from May to August.

Amethyst Wisteria is native to the areas south of the Yellow River and Yangtze River in China, including regions like Shaanxi, Henan, Guangxi, Guizhou, and Yunnan.

This species has been cultivated in Chinese gardens as a trellis plant since ancient times. Blooming before the emergence of its leaves, the dangling purple flower spikes juxtaposed with sparse tender leaves offer a beautiful sight.

18. Amorphophallus Paeoniifolius

Amorphophallus Paeoniifolius

Amorphophallus Paeoniifolius, known as Elephant Foot Yam or Voodoo Lily, is a perennial herbaceous plant from the Araceae family and the Amorphophallus genus. The tuber is discoid or hemispherical, round at the base, extremely broad at the top, and compressed in the center.

The surface bears scars and smaller tubers. Its roots are coarse, linear, and unbranched. The leaves can be singular or occasionally multiple, with small segments that are oblong, ovate, triangular, or ovate-triangular, and are deep green with pale white patches.

The inflorescence’s stalk is cylindrical and warty. The female flowers are cylindrical and purplish-brown, while the male flowers are conical and yellow-green. The ovaries are spherical, covered with long soft hairs and glandular hairs.

The fruiting inflorescence is cylindrical, warty, hairless, with elliptical, red berries that are warty. The seeds are oblong. It blooms between April and May and fruits between October and November.

This plant is primarily found in many parts of China, particularly in shrubs, and is also distributed in Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand. The Elephant Foot Yam prefers humid and hot climates and fertile soil. Propagation is typically done through seeds.

It’s suitable for solitary or group planting in courtyards and can also be cultivated in park lawns and flower beds, offering ornamental and edible value.

The plant has significant medicinal value. With a sweet, spicy, and slightly toxic taste, it is believed to have properties like phlegm reduction, detoxification, pain relief, appetite stimulation, weight loss promotion, and cancer prevention.

It can reportedly treat conditions like obesity, diabetes, tuberculosis, indigestion, mumps, insect and snake bites, and lupus. For women, Elephant Foot Yam is believed to have detoxifying effects that nourish and moisturize the skin.

19. Amorphophallus Titanum

Amorphophallus Titanum

Amorphophallus Titanum, also known as the Titan Arum or Corpse Flower, belongs to the Araceae family and the Amorphophallus genus. It’s a perennial with a tuber, which can reach a diameter of up to 65 centimeters and weigh over 100 kilograms.

Its petiole usually stands 3-4 meters tall, with a leaf diameter surpassing 5 meters, covering an area of more than 20 square meters. The Titan Arum’s flower is large, visually stunning, and has significant ornamental value.

When the inflorescence blooms, it emits a pungent odor similar to that of a decaying corpse. The plant is native to the tropical rainforests of the Barisan Mountain Range in western Sumatra, Indonesia. It prefers loose, fertile soil.

While it thrives in non-dry conditions, overly wet soil can lead to tuber rot. The optimal growth temperature is 25-38°C during the day and 20-25°C at night.

20. Amygdalus Persica

Amygdalus Persica

Amygdalus Persica, commonly referred to as the Weeping Peach, belongs to the Rosaceae family and is a variant of the peach genus. The leaves are narrowly elliptical to lanceolate, 15 cm long and 4 cm wide. They have a long, slender tip, fine serrated edges, and a glossy dark green hue.

The base of the leaves features nectar glands. The bark is dark gray and becomes fissured as the tree ages. The flowers are solitary, ranging in color from pale to deep pink, sometimes white, with a short stem and a diameter of 4 cm.

These flowers bloom in early spring. The fruit is nearly spherical, fuzzy, and edible. It has an orange-yellow skin tinged with red, measuring 7.5 cm in diameter. Inside the fruit is a stone with deep pits and grooves that encloses a white seed.

These are ornamental peach blossoms, typically semi-double or double-petaled, collectively referred to as “Bì Táo” in Chinese. In the East China region, the Weeping Peach blossoms between March and April.

The flowers are full-bodied with vibrant and varied colors. Common variants include the red-flowered green-leaved Weeping Peach, the red-flowered red-leaved Weeping Peach, and the bi-colored red-and-white speckled Weeping Peach, among others.

With its high ornamental value, the Weeping Peach can be found beautifying neighborhoods, parks, and streets.

21. Ananas Comosus

Ananas Comosus

Ananas Comosus, or Pineapple Flower, belongs to the Bromeliaceae family and is a perennial herbaceous plant. The leaves of the Pineapple Flower are lustrous and green, resembling a sickle in shape.

The upper half of the leaf tilts downwards, and the leaves are arranged in a tubular rosette pattern. The flower colors range from bright red and golden yellow to magenta. Its blooming period is from June to October.

The Pineapple Flower is native to Mexico, Brazil, and Argentina. It prefers high temperatures, humid and semi-shaded environments. It’s intolerant to cold and direct sunlight. Reproduction of the Pineapple Flower is primarily through division.

The Pineapple Flower is efficient in absorbing carbon dioxide and producing fresh oxygen. It is a type of flower suitable for both leaf and bloom appreciation.

With its unique plant structure, elegant leaf shape, stunning and colorful inflorescence, and extended blooming period, it offers both visual enjoyment from its leaves and flowers. It is ideal for long-term indoor display and appreciation.

22. Androsace Umbellata

Androsace Umbellata

Androsace Umbellata, commonly known as Rock Jasmine, is a biennial or perennial herb belonging to the Primulaceae family. Its leaves are either of the same type or different, basally produced or clustered at the root stem or at the end of the root.

The flowers are usually in an umbel form at the end of the calyx, with rare instances where they are solitary. The calyx is bell-shaped to cup-shaped, about the same length as the flower.

The fruit is nearly spherical. It usually has a few seeds, though sometimes there can be many. Its flowering period is from February to April, and its fruiting period is from May to June.

Rock Jasmine is widely distributed in many provinces in China and is also found in Vietnam, North Korea, and Japan. It prefers moist, warm, sunny environments and fertile soil. It typically grows in mountains, meadows, alongside roads, river valleys, at the edge of forests, and under sparse woods. The general method of propagation is through seeding.

Rock Jasmine has a bitter and spicy taste with a slightly cold nature. It has properties of clearing heat, detoxifying, reducing swelling, and relieving pain. It can be used to treat symptoms such as sore throats, toothaches, asthma, swollen wounds, and injuries.

The plant’s low stature makes it suitable for planting in rock gardens or beside shrubs as ground cover. Its small flowers are also good materials for pressed flower artworks.

23. Anemone Raddeana

Anemone Raddeana

Anemone Raddeana, commonly referred to as Radde’s Anemone, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Ranunculaceae family. Its rhizome is horizontally extended or obliquely born, thin, and jointed; with scale-like leaves. The basal leaf is singular and trifoliate.

The leaf stalk is either hairless or sparsely covered in long soft hairs. The central leaflet is ovate or elliptical with sparse teeth at the margins. The flower stem is almost hairless and bears a solitary flower.

The sepals are white or white with a slight purple hue, elongated-oval, and hairless. Its fruits are narrowly ovate with fine hairs. It flowers from April to May, with its fruiting period from May to June.

Compared to other anemones, Anemone Raddeana has many more sepals, giving it a double-petaled appearance, hence its name.

Radde’s Anemone is found in China and also in North Korea and the Russian Far East. It often grows in mountainous forests or shady meadows at altitudes around 800 meters. It’s cold-resistant but doesn’t tolerate heat, preferring fertile soil. The plant propagates through seeds or rhizomes.

The rhizome of Radde’s Anemone can be used medicinally. It has a spicy taste, is warm in nature, and is toxic. It is known for its properties of dispelling wind and dampness, dispersing cold to alleviate pain, and reducing abscesses and swelling.

Modern pharmacological research suggests that the rhizome of Radde’s Anemone also possesses anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and sedative properties.

24. Anthurium Andraeanum

Anthurium Andraeanum

The Anthurium Andraeanum, commonly known as the Flamingo Flower, is a perennial evergreen herbaceous plant from the Araceae family. Its stem is short, and leaves emerge from the base.

These leaves are green, leathery, with smooth edges, and are either oblong-heart-shaped or ovate-heart-shaped. The slender leaf stalks extend to waxy, leathery spathes that shine in bright orange or scarlet hues. Its yellow spadix blooms year-round.

Native to the tropical rainforests of Costa Rica and Colombia, the Flamingo Flower often grows epiphytically on trees.

Occasionally, it grows on rocks or directly on the ground. It prefers a warm, humid, and semi-shaded environment, and direct sunlight should be avoided.

The Flamingo Flower boasts a uniquely beautiful appearance. With a prolonged blooming period, it’s perfect for pot cultivation, as a cut flower, or for beautifying shaded garden areas.

25. Antigonon Leptopus

Antigonon Leptopus

The Antigonon Leptopus, or Coral Vine, belongs to the Polygonaceae family and is a perennial deciduous climber. It features a tuberous stem, and its leaves are ovate to nearly rectangular ovate, tapering at the tip with prominent veins.

Its inflorescence is cone-shaped, arranged in a raceme, and the top of the raceme axis turns into tendrils. It blooms from April to December, bearing fruit in the winter.

Originally from Mexico, the Coral Vine is now widely cultivated across tropical regions. It loves sunlight, warm and moist climates, and is heat-tolerant but somewhat frost-sensitive. It thrives in fertile, slightly acidic soil. Propagation methods include seed sowing and stem cuttings.

Delicate in structure with a remarkably extended flowering period and vibrant colors, the Coral Vine is a prized summer bloom. It can be grown in flowerbeds, pots, on trellises, or under shaded canopies. Additionally, its flowers can be used as cut flowers.

Symbolically, the Coral Vine represents “transformation,” signifying the continuous growth throughout one’s life.

26. Antirrhinum Majus

Antirrhinum Majus

The Antirrhinum Majus, commonly known as Snapdragon, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Plantaginaceae family. It stands between 20 and 70 centimeters tall.

The base of its stem is occasionally woody and might branch out. Its leaves are relatively large, short-stemmed, and oval-lanceolate in shape. The flower blossoms into a tubular-lipped shape, slightly enlarged at its base.

The upper lip stands erect while the lower one curves outward. They come in various colors including white, light pink, deep red, flesh color, light yellow, and orange-yellow.

Bearing a striking resemblance to goldfish due to its shape and vibrant colors, it is aptly named Snapdragon. It flowers and fruits between July and October.

Native to the Mediterranean coast and North Africa, its range extends northward to Morocco and Portugal, southward to France, and eastward to Turkey and Syria.

It loves sunlight, is tolerant of semi-shade, prefers cool climates, is cold-resistant but heat-sensitive. It thrives in loose, fertile soil with good drainage and can tolerate slightly lime-rich soil.

Though propagation methods include stem cutting and seed sowing, the primary method is through seeds.

In China, Snapdragons are a common garden plant. Dwarf varieties are used in flowerbeds, flower borders, roadside plantings, and for indoor viewing.

Taller varieties are used as cut flowers or as background plants. The venation in its leaves can monitor chlorine levels, its seeds can be pressed for oil, and the entire plant is medicinal, known to clear heat, cool the blood, and reduce swelling.

With a variety of symbolic meanings, Snapdragons represent prosperity and abundance. Its vibrant colors, which have different implications, are adored by many, symbolizing various positive aspects.

27. Aquilegia Yabeana

Aquilegia Yabeana

The Aquilegia Yabeana, or Northern Chinese Columbine, is a perennial herb of the Ranunculaceae family. It has a cylindrical root and stems that can reach up to 60 centimeters in height, branching at the top.

Basal leaves are numerous with long stalks, small leaf blades are rhombic to ovate or broad-rhombic, trifurcated, with round teeth on the edges.

The surface is smooth, while the underside is lightly covered in short soft hair. Stem leaves have slightly long stalks and are usually bi-pinnate trifoliate. The inflorescence has a few flowers covered in short glandular hairs.

Bracts are trifurcated or not, narrowly ovate in shape. Flowers droop, with sepals being purple and narrowly ovate.

The petals are purple, and the ovary is densely covered in short glandular hairs. Its seeds are black, narrowly ovate-spherical, and it blooms from May to June.

Native to China, it is found on mountain grass slopes or near forests. The Northern Chinese Columbine is cold-resistant and prefers semi-shade, moist conditions with well-draining sandy loam soil.

The roots of the Northern Chinese Columbine contain sugars, which can be used to make syrup or ferment alcohol. Its seeds contain oil suitable for industrial use.

28. Arachis Duranensis

Arachis Duranensis

The Arachis Duranensis, commonly known as the creeping peanut or vine peanut, belongs to the Fabaceae family and is a perennial herbaceous plant. It has a creeping vine growth habit, standing about 10-15 centimeters tall.

The leaves are alternate and ovate with an entire margin. Flowers emerge from the axils, butterfly-shaped, bright golden-yellow. They are vibrant and numerous.

The flowers bloom during the day and close at night, flowering from March to November. The fruit is elongated peach-shaped with a thin shell.

Originally from tropical Asia and South America, the creeping peanut is quite shade-tolerant. It isn’t too fussy about soil but prefers sandy loam soil. The optimal growing temperature is between 18°C and 32°C.

This plant has moderate drought and heat resistance and is known for its resilience against harmful gases. While propagation can be achieved through seeds or stem cuttings, due to the labor-intensive nature of seed harvesting, stem cutting propagation is usually preferred.

Due to its developed root system, the creeping peanut can be planted along highways and slopes to prevent soil erosion. It can also be used for green manure to improve soil, as fodder, and given its resistance to harmful gases, it can help purify indoor air.

29. Arctotis Stoechadifolia

Arctotis Stoechadifolia

The Arctotis Stoechadifolia, commonly known as the blue-eyed African daisy, typically stands less than 60cm tall. The basal leaves are rosette-forming, while stem leaves are alternate, elongated oval to ovate, usually pinnately lobed, with entire or slightly serrated margins.

When young, the leaf surface has white downy hair. The flowers measure around 7.5 cm in diameter. The ray flowers are white, pointed at the tips, with a pale purple back, and the disc is blue-purple.

Also known as the African daisy or large blue-eyed daisy, this plant is native to South Africa. It’s cold-sensitive and doesn’t fare well in excessive heat. The ideal temperature range is between 18°C and 26°C, and it prefers sunny conditions.

Well-draining soil is most suitable for its growth. Though it is a perennial herbaceous plant from the Asteraceae family, it’s often cultivated as an annual.

30. Ariocarpus Fissuratus

Ariocarpus Fissuratus

The Ariocarpus Fissuratus, commonly referred to as the “Living Rock Cactus” or “Turtle Shell Peony”, belongs to the Cactaceae family and is a perennial herbaceous plant. It features a pronounced main root and its stem is inverted conical in shape.

On top of the stem, there are triangular tubercles with pointed tips. The skin is grayish-green and wrinkles in an irregular pattern. Short velvety hairs can be found between these wrinkles. The cactus exhibits lotus-like fleshy leaves in a grayish-green hue, featuring grooves that resemble a turtle’s shell.

The apex of the plant has fine white hairs and it blooms light purple double flowers. Its fruit is oval and green. The flowering period is during autumn and winter.

Native to the southwestern parts of Texas, USA, and northern Mexico, the Ariocarpus Fissuratus prefers a warm environment with ample sunlight and good air circulation. It thrives in well-draining sandy or gravelly soil and is moderately cold-resistant.

For propagation, it’s best to sow seeds and then graft the seedlings as soon as possible.

This plant is one of the most valuable in the cactus family, often referred to as a “living rock” due to its stone-like appearance.

It’s typically cultivated in pots for ornamental purposes. It’s seldom cultivated outside of major botanical gardens or research institutions, where it’s used for research and educational purposes.

31. Aristolochia Gigantea

Aristolochia Gigantea

The Aristolochia Gigantea, commonly known as the “Giant Pelican Flower”, belongs to the Aristolochiaceae family and is an evergreen large woody vine.

Older stems are rough and angular, while young stems are smooth and hairless. Leaves are alternate, ovate-heart-shaped, and entire, with a short sharp tip and a heart-shaped base with a petiole. Flowers are solitary, axillary, and filled with purplish-brown spots or stripes.

The flowering period is from June to November. The name “Pelican Flower” derives from its unique flower structure: the flower consists of a single petal with a base that resembles the distinctive pouch beneath a pelican’s beak.

Originating from Brazil, the Giant Pelican Flower is robust, preferring a warm and humid environment. It doesn’t tolerate cold well and likes light, though it can handle some shade.

The optimal growth temperature is between 22°C to 28°C. It thrives in loose, well-draining, and fertile loamy soil. Propagation is typically done through seeds.

Its large and uniquely shaped flowers make it suitable for ornamental cultivation on large flower racks, green corridors, and hedges.

It’s an excellent choice for landscaping in schools, parks, residential areas, and courtyards. Being a tropical climbing plant, it’s great for trellises and can also be planted in slopes or among rocks.

32. Armeniaca Mume

Armeniaca Mume

Armeniaca Mume, commonly known as the Chinese plum or Japanese apricot, belongs to the Rosaceae family and the Prunus genus. It is a small tree or occasionally a shrub, growing between 4 to 10 meters tall. The bark is light gray or sometimes greenish, and smooth.

The young branches are green and also smooth, devoid of hair. The leaves are ovate or elliptical, with fine sharp serrations along the edges, and are grayish-green. The flowers can be solitary or sometimes, two flowers might emerge from the same bud.

These flowers, with a diameter of 2-2.5 cm, emit a strong fragrance and bloom before the leaves appear. While the calyx of the flower is typically reddish-brown, some varieties might have green or greenish-purple calyx. The petals are ovate and can be white to pink.

The fruit, approximately 2-3 cm in diameter, is yellow or greenish-white, covered in soft hair and tastes sour. The flesh of the fruit sticks to the seed.

The seed is elliptical and slightly flat on the sides. The flowering period is in the winter and early spring, with the fruit maturing around May to June.

Originating from Central to Southern China extending to Northern Indochina, the Chinese plum primarily thrives in temperate biomes. Many varieties are cultivated for ornamental purposes outdoors, as potted plants, or fashioned into decorative ‘plum posts’.

Extracts from the fresh flowers can be used for perfumery, and the flowers, leaves, roots, and seeds can be used medicinally.

The fruit can be eaten fresh, pickled, dried, or smoked to produce a medicinal “black plum”, which has benefits like cough relief, anti-diarrhea, stimulating salivation, and quenching thirst.

Furthermore, the Chinese plum can resist nematode damage and is therefore used as a rootstock for stone fruit trees.

The plum blossom holds the esteemed title of being one of the “Top Ten Famous Flowers” in China. It, along with the orchid, bamboo, and chrysanthemum, is regarded as one of the “Four Gentlemen” in traditional Chinese art.

The plum, pine, and bamboo are also called the “Three Friends of Winter”. In Chinese culture, the plum blossom symbolizes qualities such as purity, strength, and humility, inspiring individuals to aim high and persevere.

Blossoming in harsh winters, the plum bloom signifies hope and the promise of spring. Its pristine white flowers, which bloom in late winter or early spring, paired with its ancient-looking branches, offer high ornamental value, especially when cultivated as bonsai or decorative garden plants.

33. Armeniaca Mume Sieb

Armeniaca Mume Sieb

Armeniaca Mume Sieb is a variant within the plum blossom lineage. This particular variety is known for its distinct flower patterns.

Not only are its flowers uniquely colored, but they also often grow densely, with a compact branch structure, making them suitable for bonsai and cut flower arrangements. The flowers of this variety can be single, semi-double, or double-petaled.

The primary color is white, but each white flower is characterized by red streaks or spots. Sometimes, amidst a cluster of white blossoms, a few red petals or even a few entirely red flowers might emerge, adding to its uniqueness.

34. Armeniaca Mume Tortuosa

Armeniaca Mume Tortuosa

Armeniaca Mume Tortuosa, commonly known as the “Dragon Twisting Plum”, is a plant from the Rosaceae family, Prunus genus.

The branches of the Dragon Twisting Plum naturally twist and turn, and its canopy gives off a free-flowing, whimsical appearance, reminiscent of a wandering dragon. The flowers are multi-petaled, snowy white, and have a fragrance akin to the powdered scent of the Dragon Twisting Plum.

This particular plum tree is both visually appealing for its blossoms and its unique branch structure, making it an exceptional choice for bonsai.

Within the True Plum lineage, there are three types based on the shape and direction of their branches: Straight Branch Plum, Drooping Branch Plum, and Dragon Twisting Plum.

As their names suggest, the Straight Branch Plum has naturally upright branches, the Drooping Branch Plum has naturally hanging branches, and the Dragon Twisting Plum has naturally twisted branches.

The Dragon Twisting Plum of the True Plum lineage, colloquially known as the Dragon Twisting Plum, produces white multi-petaled blossoms and is considered a rarity among plums.

It’s a prized variety, but there are very few of its kind, with only one known variant named “Jade Plate Dragon Twisting Plum”.

35. Armeniaca Mumesieb

Armeniaca Mumesieb

Armeniaca Mumesieb, commonly known as “Green Calyx Plum”, is a small tree growing between 4 to 10 meters tall. Its bark is light gray or sometimes greenish, and smooth. The young branches are green and hairless.

The leaves are ovate or elliptical, with fine sharp serrations along the edges, and are grayish-green in color. The flowers can be solitary or sometimes two might bloom from the same bud, emitting a strong fragrance, and bloom before the leaves appear.

The flower stalks are short and the calyx is green. The petals are disc-shaped, pure white in color, and the scent is rich.

Depending on the variant, the flowers can be single-petaled, double-petaled, or semi-double petaled; the green calyx is bell-shaped and wide, while the calyx lobes are ovate or nearly round with a rounded tip.

This particular plum variety is renowned and is often described as the most gentlemanly among plums. Several variants of this type exist, including the Large Flower Green Calyx, Single Petal Green Calyx, and Brocade Leaf Green Calyx.

The fruit is nearly spherical in shape. Its flowering period is in the winter and early spring, with fruits maturing around May to June. The Green Calyx Plum is widely used for ornamental purposes in gardens, and its parts can also be used in traditional Chinese medicine.

36. Armeniaca Vulgaris

Armeniaca Vulgaris

Armeniaca Vulgaris, commonly known as Apricot Blossom, belongs to the Rosaceae family, Prunus genus, and is the flower of the deciduous apricot tree. The apricot tree has an upright stem, and can grow over ten meters high, with branches slightly spreading upward.

The young branches exhibit a brown or reddish-brown hue. The leaves have short stalks and are round in shape. When the apricot blossoms bloom, the petals appear jade white or may have a hint of red, with most of the stamens being male.

The fruit is spherical and somewhat flattened on both sides with a groove. The fruit’s skin is velvety, with a diameter of around 2-4 cm. When immature, it’s green. The fruit matures around May to June, at which time it usually turns yellow or yellow with a hint of red.

Apricot blossoms are native to China. They belong to the temperate to subtropical regions of North Asia, preferring longer daylight and slightly sunny environments. They thrive in warm, moist climatic conditions.

When spring temperatures are between 10-15°C, they begin to sprout and bud. There are various propagation methods for apricot trees; they are generally bred from seeds but can also be propagated through grafting.

Apricot blossoms have excellent external beauty benefits. Washing one’s face regularly with apricot blossom water can help remove blemishes. The blossoms contain multiple vitamins which help in maintaining normal blood pressure.

However, it’s advised for those with deficiencies leading to coughing or diarrhea to avoid consuming apricot blossoms. Furthermore, the apricot blossom is the city flower of Jiamusi, holding significant ornamental and greening value.

37. Armeria Maritima

Armeria Maritima

Armeria Maritima, known as Thrift or Sea Pink, is a herbaceous plant of the Plumbaginaceae family, Armeria genus. This plant is short-statured with green, linear leaves. Its flower stem rises above the foliage, culminating in a head-shaped flower cluster at the tip.

The small flowers bunched at the end of the flower stem form a hemispherical shape, typically in shades of white, pink, or rosy red. The flowering period is rather brief, primarily occurring between May and June.

Sea Pink is native to regions in Europe and America but can now be found worldwide. It prefers warm climates but dislikes excessive heat and humidity. The plant is drought-tolerant and can withstand saline conditions.

It thrives best in well-lit environments and is typically found in well-draining sandy soils and beaches. Its primary method of propagation is through seed planting.

Armeria Maritima holds tremendous ornamental and economic value. With its compact growth habit and elegant flower color, it’s suitable for parks, green spaces, garden edges, flower beds, or as ground cover.

When potted, it serves as a beautiful decor piece for balconies, window sills, or living rooms.

38. Asclepias Curassavica

Asclepias Curassavica

Asclepias Curassavica, also known as Tropical Milkweed or Blood-flower, is a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the Apocynaceae family and the Asclepias genus. It grows up to 1 meter tall.

The stem is pale gray, either slightly hairy or hairless. Its leaves are opposite, membranous, lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, hairless on both sides or with minute hairs underneath along the veins. The flower stalks are velvety, and the calyx lobes are lanceolate.

The petals are oblong, with pollen sacks being oblong and drooping, and the pollinia are purplish-red. The fruit is spindle-shaped. Seeds are ovate. The flowering period extends almost throughout the year, while the fruiting period is from August to December.

Tropical Milkweed is native to the West Indies of Latin America and is also found in Japan. It’s widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions globally.

The plant prefers sunlight and thrives in warm, moist climates. It’s drought-tolerant and isn’t very particular about soil types. Reproduction is mainly through seeds, but there are also instances where it has naturalized or been domesticated.

The entire plant is used in traditional medicine, has a bitter taste, cold nature, and is toxic. In traditional Chinese medicine, it’s believed to have properties that clear heat, detoxify, activate blood circulation, stop bleeding, reduce swelling, and relieve pain.

It’s primarily used to treat conditions like lung heat-induced cough, sore throat, urinary tract infections, and menstrual irregularities.

Due to its unique flower shape, it’s also grown for ornamental purposes. It can be grouped or scattered in parks and gardens, enhancing the natural beauty of green spaces. Additionally, it serves as a butterfly-attracting plant.

39. Aster Hispidus

Aster Hispidus

Aster Hispidus, commonly referred to as a species of Aster, belongs to the Asteraceae family and the Aster genus. It’s an annual or biennial herb with a vertically spindle-shaped root. Stems grow 30-50 cm tall, sometimes reaching 150 cm.

All leaves are thin, sparsely hairy or hairless on both sides, with sparse hairs on the edges, and prominent mid and side veins. The head-shaped inflorescences are 3-5 cm in diameter, singularly born at the ends of branches arranged in an umbellate manner.

The ray florets number around 30, with a 2 mm long tube. The disc florets have a corolla 5-7 mm long and a tube 1.5-2 mm long. The fruit is ovate. The flowering period is from July to September, and the fruiting period is from August to September.

Aster Hispidus grows in wastelands, along roadsides, at forest edges, and grasslands, up to altitudes of 2400 meters. It’s found in the northern, northwestern, and northeastern provinces of China.

The root of Aster Hispidus is used in traditional medicine for its detoxifying and swelling-reducing properties, treating sores, and snakebites. Its large and bright flowers make it suitable for cultivation for ornamental purposes.

40. Aster Novi-Belgii

Aster Novi-Belgii

Aster Novi-Belgii, also known as New York Aster or Michaelmas Daisy, is a perennial herbaceous plant from the Asteraceae family and Aster genus. It can grow up to 100 cm tall. The entire plant is covered in coarse hair.

The leaves are narrowly lanceolate to linear-lanceolate. The inflorescences are umbel-like with smaller flowers that feature ray florets that are pale blue-violet or white. The involucral bracts are linear. It flowers from August to October.

The New York Aster is native to North America and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. It prefers moist conditions but is drought-tolerant, cold-hardy, and can thrive in poor soil.

It enjoys environments with ample sunlight and good ventilation. It’s highly adaptable and not too particular about soil, but it thrives best in fertile and loose sandy soil.

Because of its bright colors and natural shape, and since its blooming season coincides with the time around the National Day (in reference to China’s National Day), it’s often used in flower beds and landscapes.

It can also be planted in groups or individually, and it makes an excellent choice for potted plants or cut flowers.

41. Aster Tataricus

Aster Tataricus

Aster Tataricus, also part of the Asteraceae family and Aster genus, is a perennial herb. It has an erect, robust stem. The basal leaves tend to wither by the flowering season and are spoon-shaped, being long-circular or elliptic-oblong.

Lower leaves are spatulate-oblong, and the middle leaves are oblong or oblong-lanceolate. The involucral bracts are linear or linear-lanceolate.

The styles have lanceolate appendages, and the achenes are ovate-oblong and purplish-brown. It flowers from July to September and fruits from August to October.

This plant is widespread in many parts of China and also found in Korea, Japan, and the eastern part of Soviet Siberia. Aster Tataricus prefers a warm, moist climate, is cold-hardy, and flood-resistant.

It can be planted almost anywhere except saline-alkali soil, especially thriving in deep, loose, fertile soils rich in organic matter with good drainage. It doesn’t grow well in coarse soils.

Typically, it grows at altitudes between 400 to 2000 meters, in moist places on shady slopes, mountain tops, lowland grasslands, and swamps. Propagation is mostly through its rhizomes.

Medicinally, Aster Tataricus is believed to moisturize the lungs, transform phlegm, and relieve coughs. It’s primarily used for conditions like cough with phlegm, lung abscess, chest congestion, and urinary difficulties.

Apart from its medicinal use, it can also be grown as an ornamental plant during the fall, suitable for decorating flower beds, landscapes, and courtyards.

The symbolic meaning or “flower language” of Aster Tataricus denotes wit and intelligence. It’s said that those blessed by this flower tend to be articulate, exceedingly clever, and are often respected and admired by friends.

42. Astragalus Dahuricus

Astragalus Dahuricus

Astragalus Dahuricus is a herbaceous plant from the Fabaceae family and Astragalus genus, growing as an annual or biennial. The plant has an upright stem with fine ridges and branches. It possesses pinnate compound leaves with linear-lanceolate or lanceolate stipules.

The leaflets are oblong, ovate-oblong, or oblong-elliptical. The flower stem is shorter than the leaves. Its calyx is obliquely bell-shaped with linear or bristly sepals. The corolla is purple and curved oblong.

The fruit is a linear pod with a short stalk, containing kidney-shaped seeds that are pale brown or brown. It flowers from July to September and fruits from August to October.

Astragalus Dahuricus is found in Northeast China, North China, and the Loess Plateau. It is also distributed in Siberia and Mongolia. It grows in sandy soils on slopes, roadsides, and riverbanks. It thrives in sandy soils and exhibits cold and drought resistance.

This species is typically found accompanying meadow and transformed meadow vegetation. Its propagation is mainly through seeding or by dividing the plant.

The seeds of Astragalus Dahuricus are medicinal, used to nourish the kidneys and liver and to sharpen vision.

The best time to utilize this plant is during the summer, its flowering and fruiting season, when its nutritional content is high and palatable for livestock to graze. It can also be used for natural grassland reseeding and mixed with gramineous forage grass for soil improvement.

43. Astridia Velutina

Astridia Velutina

Astridia Velutina, known as Deer-horned Crassula, is a succulent shrub from the Aizoaceae family. Mature branches turn gray-brown and become woody, while young branches are pale green with internodes at branching points.

Leaves are oppositely arranged, crescent-shaped, triangular, ranging from pale green to gray-green. They have a narrow, sharp tip that might show a hint of pink. The back of the leaves features a keel-like protrusion. Side buds stretch out to the leaf axils.

The plant blooms large flowers at the top, either solitary or in clusters, with white petals and yellow stamens. The fruit is fleshy, containing multiple seeds, and the plant flowers in the winter.

Native to West Africa, Astridia Velutina prefers a warm, dry, and sunny environment. It’s drought-tolerant but dislikes excessive moisture, high temperatures, and intense sun exposure. It thrives best in well-draining, loose, aerated sandy loam. The plant can be propagated through cuttings.

With its sprawling growth, dense foliage, and unique leaf shape, Astridia Velutina is quite distinctive. Its winter-blooming flowers come in colors like red, white, and pale purple.

Often used as an indoor potted ornamental, it can also be cultivated in hanging pots, allowing its trailing branches to grow downwards, adding a lively ambiance to interiors.

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