9 Flowers That Start With V


Vanda, also known as Wanda, is a typical epiphytic orchid of the Vanda genus, different from Cattleya and Dendrobium. It is a monopodial tropical orchid without a pseudobulb, with a distinct stem that is sturdy and upright. There is considerable variation amongst plants, with smaller ones being around 30cm tall, while larger plants can reach over 2m.

Many robust aerial roots are present on the stem, with some roots reaching over 1m in length. The leaves are arranged in two rows on either side of the stem, are strap-shaped or cylindrical, leathery, and green. The leaf surface has a thick cuticle, giving it strong drought resistance.

There are approximately 60-80 species of Vanda, widely distributed in China, India, Malaysia, the Philippines, Hawaii in the United States, as well as New Guinea and Australia.

Vanda is an exotic orchid with a tropical flair. A single flower stalk can produce several large flowers, which are elegant and captivating. It is often used as a potted plant, hanging decoration, or cut flower for vase arrangement or other floral designs, making it an important material for indoor decoration.

Veronica Persica

Veronica Persica, also known as Persian Speedwell, is a sprawling and branching herbaceous plant from the Plantaginaceae family. Its stem is densely covered in two rows of soft hairs; the leaves are egg-shaped or round, with a shallow heart-shaped base, flat or round, with serrated edges. Both surfaces of the leaves are sparsely covered in soft hairs and have short stems.

The racemose inflorescence is quite long, with alternating bracts that are similar in shape and almost the same size as the leaves. The corolla is blue, purple, or bluish-purple, with egg-shaped or oval petals. The silique is kidney-shaped, with a persistent style that protrudes beyond the notch. Seeds feature deep horizontal ridges on the back. The flowering period is from March to April, and the fruiting period is from April to May.

Originally native to Western Asia and Europe, Veronica Persica is now widespread in temperate and subtropical regions. It enjoys sunlight and can tolerate semi-shade. It prefers a warm and humid climate and isn’t particularly demanding in terms of soil requirements. Veronica Persica propagates through seeding.

Victoria Regia

The Victoria Regia, part of the Nymphaeaceae family, is a name encompassing perennial or annual large floating-leaf herbs. They have upright rhizomes and a well-developed system of adventitious roots, which are white. They are renowned for their gigantic and peculiar disk-like leaves that float on the water’s surface, creating a spectacular sight, and for their ever-changing flower colors and strong fragrance.

They bloom in the summer with flowers floating on the water’s surface, initially white, then turning deep red and wilting the next day. They have the largest leaves among aquatic plants worldwide, with diameters exceeding 3 meters.

The leaves are smooth, with upturned edges, resembling large green jade plates floating on the water. The leaves’ veins form rib-like structures, similar to umbrella frames, giving them considerable buoyancy and allowing them to support objects weighing up to sixty or seventy kilograms without sinking.

They require warm, humid environments with plenty of sunlight for growth and development. The optimal temperature for their growth is 25-35 degrees Celsius, and growth will cease if the temperature drops below 20 degrees Celsius.
These tropical plants are famous aquatic ornamentals in gardens. Native to tropical regions in South America, they are primarily found in countries like Brazil and Bolivia. Among them, the Amazon Water Lily (Victoria amazonica) is the national flower of Guyana.

Viola Cornuta

Viola Cornuta, a perennial herb from the genus Viola in the family Violaceae, has a height of 10-30 cm and a width of 20-30 cm. It has a root-like stem, short and upright with strong branching. The flowers are bisexual, bilaterally symmetrical, with axillary pedicels, five petals, and a diameter of 2.5-4.0 cm. The flowers are rich in color, with red, white, yellow, purple, and blue petals, often spotted, and sometimes the upper and lower petals are of different colors.

The fruits are capsules, fairly regular in shape, splitting into three sections when matured; the boat-shaped fruit valves, with a thick and hard keel, bend outward and eject the seeds when the thin parts dry and shrink. The fruit is a capsule with 900-1500 seeds per gram, fairly regular in shape, suitable for precision seeder sowing.

Viola Cornuta begins to grow at 5°C, with its optimal growing temperature being 10°C-15°C. It has a strong cold resistance, can endure light frost, and can overwinter in open fields in the Yangtze River basin and southern regions.

It dislikes high temperatures; above 20°C, the branches tend to elongate, making it difficult to form compact plants, and growth is hindered above 30°C, but it is more heat-tolerant than Viola tricolor. Originally from Spain and the Pyrenees, it is now cultivated in many parts of the world, including China.

Viola Phillipina

The Viola Phillipina, a perennial plant from the Violet family, is characterized by its lower leaves, which take on a triangular ovate or narrow ovate shape, and are elliptical, narrow ovate-lanceolate, or oblong-ovate in form. Its medium-sized flowers are pansy-colored or light purple, occasionally white, with a lighter throat marked by purple stripes.

The capsular fruit is oblong, and the seeds are ovoid and light yellow. Its flowering and fruiting period runs from mid to late April through September. The plant’s name, “Viola Phillipina,” was inspired by its nail-like shape crowned with a few purple blossoms.

Originally from China, the Viola Phillipina is also found in Korea, Japan, and other regions. It thrives in sunlight and moist environments, typically growing in fields, wastelands, grassy slopes, forest edges, or shrubs, often forming small colonies in damp areas of gardens. Resilient to shade and cold, it is not picky about soil and has excellent adaptability. The Viola Phillipina propagates through seeds and division.

Viola Tricolor

Viola Tricolor, or the Pansy, is a biennial or perennial herbaceous plant from the Violaceae family. The Pansy has a relatively thick aboveground stem; its leaves are elongated oval or lanceolate, with longer leaf stalks on the upper parts and shorter ones on the lower parts.

The Pansy’s flowers are rather large, typically featuring a combination of purple, white, and yellow. Its fruit takes on an elliptical shape, and it blooms from April to July, with the fruiting period extending from May to August. The Pansy is well known for its distinctive flowers, each one bearing three different colors: yellow, purple, and white, hence the name “Pansy”.

Originally native to Northern Europe, the Pansy is a common wildflower species in Europe. It is cold-tolerant, preferring cool, sunny conditions, and is resistant to high temperatures and stagnant water. For optimal growth, fertile soil with good drainage is recommended, ideally neutral loam or clay loam rich in organic matter. The Pansy is typically propagated through cutting or division.

Viola Variegata

Viola Variegata, also known as Spotted Leaf Violet, is a perennial herbaceous plant from the Violet family. The plant height ranges from 3-12 cm. It has a usually short and thin rhizome with several pale brown or near-white long roots. The leaves are basal and lotus-shaped, with a round or oval leaf blade.

The capsules are elliptical, hairless or sparsely short-haired, and the young fruits are usually covered with short coarse hair. The seeds are light brown with short appendages. The flowering period is from late April to August, and the fruiting period is from June to September.

The Viola Variegata thrives in semi-shady and cool environments. It is cold-resistant and prefers loose soil. It is often found in mountainous grasslands, under forests, and in shrubs or shady rock crevices at altitudes of 600-1300 meters. Its common mode of reproduction is by seed.

The whole herb of the Viola Variegata can be used medicinally, known for its heat-clearing, detoxifying, blood-cooling, and hemostatic effects. It can be used to treat carbuncles and swellings. The Viola Variegata, with its small and exquisite stature and small purple flowers blooming in early spring, can be suitably densely planted in flower beds or in strip-planting, covering the ground and lawn edges. It is an excellent choice for viewing leaves and flowers.

Voodoo Lily

The Voodoo Lily, a species of the Araceae family, is characterized by its large purple buds and inflorescence. It emits a scent reminiscent of a corpse to attract its pollinators such as green flies.

The Voodoo Lily exudes a stench akin to rotting meat. Its flower resembles a leaf, with a color similar to Burgundy wine, surrounded by numerous delicate black branches and leaves. It possesses several vivid nicknames: “Dragon Arum,” “Voodoo Lily,” “Snake Lily,” “Black Arum,” “Black Dragon,” “Dragon Plant,” and “Stinky Lily.”

Velvet Nigrum

The Velvet Nigrum, a plant from the Araceae family and the genus Anthurium, is not as its name might suggest. Despite being called the “Black Swan,” its leaves are not black, but rather a deep, ink-like green.

The leaves are significantly smaller compared to the Green Velvet Anthurium, shaped like a heart, and have a velvety texture. The leaves are fairly thick and slightly hard to the touch. The combination of the white leaf veins and the dark green leaves creates a particularly sophisticated appearance.

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