22 Flowers That Start With T

1. Tabebuia Chrysantha

Tabebuia Chrysantha

Tabebuia Chrysantha, also known as the Golden Trumpet Tree, is a deciduous tree of the Bignoniaceae family. The tree has gray bark with scale-like fissures and hairy twigs. Its palmate compound leaves are ovate-elliptical in shape, pointed at the end, and hairy on both sides.

The leaves are opposite each other, covered in brown fine fluff, and have rough surfaces. Its flowers are grouped in terminal corymbs, with a tubular calyx and a golden, funnel-shaped corolla with ruffled edges.

The fruit is a nearly hairless capsule, and the seeds are winged. The tree blooms from March to April, while the fruits appear from May to June. The Golden Trumpet Tree gets its name from its yellow flowers that resemble wind chimes.

Tabebuia Chrysantha

Originally from Mexico, Central America, and South America, the Golden Trumpet Tree was introduced to China from Paraguay in 1997. It is now cultivated in the tropical and subtropical regions of China.

As a sun-loving plant, it thrives in high temperatures, humidity, heat, and drought, and prefers fertile, loose soil, especially organic-rich and sandy soils. The tree can be propagated by sowing, cutting, or the high-pressure method.

The Golden Trumpet Tree is ideal for courtyards, parks, residential areas, and greening roads, and it’s suitable for cluster or row planting. It has high economic value. The four seasons bring different views of the tree, with spring flowers, summer fruits, autumn greenery, and winter bareness, all of which add to its ornamental value.

2. Tabernaemontana Divaricata

Tabernaemontana Divaricata

The Tabernaemontana Divaricata, commonly known as the Dog’s Tooth Flower, is a shrub species from the Apocynaceae family. Its branches are a gray-green color, with elliptical or oval leaves that are dark green on top and lighter underneath, appearing flat on the surface.

The flowers bloom from the axils in umbels, typically in pairs, with elliptical calyxes, fringed margins, and a pure white corolla. The fruit takes an elongated form. The flowering period runs from June to November and the fruiting period in the fall. The plant gets its name from the wrinkled edges of the corolla, which resemble a dog’s tooth.

Originally from India and Yunnan, China, this plant thrives in warm, moist climates, but is not frost-tolerant. It prefers semi-shade, and while it is not overly picky about soil, it does best in fertile, well-drained, acidic soil. It is often found in mountainous shrublands. Propagation is primarily through cutting.

Tabernaemontana Divaricata

The Dog’s Tooth Flower has a sour, cooling taste, with properties that lower heat, reduce blood pressure, detoxify and reduce swelling. It is used to treat throat swelling and pain, as well as injuries from falls or blows.

With its dense foliage, compact form, and elegant, pure white flowers, it is a beautiful sight when in full bloom and has a long flowering period, making it a valuable ornamental plant. It also holds high economic value, being widely utilized in gardens.

It can be planted in clusters on forest edges, roadsides, and courtyards, or used for hedges or foundational planting material. It also makes an excellent potted plant. The Dog’s Tooth Flower is a plant protected under the Endangered (EN) category.

3. Tacca Chantrieri

Tacca Chantrieri

The Tacca Chantrieri, also known as the Arrowroot Potato, is a perennial herbaceous plant from the Konjak Potato family. It features a robust, nearly cylindrical rhizome. Its leaves are oblong or oblong-elliptical, ranging from 20 to 50 (up to 60) cm in length and 7 to 1 (up to 24) cm in width.

The plant has a long peduncle and four dark purple bracts, with the outer two being ovate-lanceolate. The berries are fleshy and elliptical, with kidney-shaped seeds that have stripes and are about 3 mm long. The plant flowers and fruits from April to November.

The Tacca Chantrieri can be found in Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, and China. It grows along watersides, under forests, and in damp valleys at altitudes between 170 and 1300 meters.

Tacca Chantrieri

The shape and color of the Tacca Chantrieri resemble a black butterfly with spread wings, making it remarkably beautiful and highly valued as an ornamental plant.

Furthermore, the rhizome of the Tacca Chantrieri possesses therapeutic properties, such as heat-clearing, detoxifying, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic effects. This makes it a rare plant with both ornamental and medicinal value. It can be used for landscaping in gardens, along paths, and around ponds.

4. Tagetes Erecta

Tagetes Erecta

The Tagetes Erecta, also known as the Marigold, is an annual herbaceous plant of the Asteraceae family. It has branching stems near the base, with pinnately divided leaves, and the leaf segments are oblong or lanceolate. Its ray flowers are yellow or dark orange, with an elongated claw at the base, and the corolla of the tubular flowers is yellow.

The fruit is linear and slightly hairy. Its blooming period is from July to September. Europeans named it “Golden Mary,” and when it was introduced to China in the mid-16th century, it was called “pungent petal chrysanthemum,” or “Marigold.

Tagetes Erecta

Originally from Mexico, the Marigold prefers warm climates, tolerates early frost and semi-shade, and is hardy and resistant to pests and diseases. It is not demanding in terms of soil quality and is fast-growing and easy to cultivate. It reproduces in loose artificial mediums, with bed sowing and box sowing used for seedling cultivation.

Marigolds are rich in lutein and zeaxanthin, which can be used as ingredients in food, feed, and medicine. They are also effective as insecticides. The flowers and leaves of the Marigold can be used in traditional medicine, with effects that include clearing heat, transforming phlegm, nourishing the blood, promoting circulation, and promoting regeneration. With its auspicious connotations, the Marigold is often seen as a symbol of respect for the elderly.

5. Tagetes Patula

Tagetes Patula

The Tagetes Patula, also known as the French Marigold, is an annual herbaceous plant in the Asteraceae family. The plant has an upright stem, with branches spreading obliquely. The leaves are pinnately dissected, and the inflorescence is solitary. Its tubular flowers have a yellow corolla, and the achene is linear.

The flowering period is from July to September. Native to Mexico, it is found in Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, and other regions, thriving on the grassy slopes and forests at altitudes of 750-1600m, or cultivated in gardens. It is a plant of medicinal value.

6. Taraxacum Mongolicum

Taraxacum Mongolicum

The Taraxacum Mongolicum, commonly known as the dandelion, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Asteraceae family. Its leaves are ovate-lanceolate, lanceolate, or long oval-lanceolate. The petioles and main veins often carry a red-purple hue.

The flowers are yellow, with the base being light green and the upper part purple-red. The inner layer is linear-lanceolate. The achene is dark brown and ovate-lanceolate, with white pappus about 6 millimeters long. The flowering period is from April to September, and the fruiting period is from May to October.

Dandelions can be found in most parts of China, thriving in mid to low-altitude areas such as mountainous grasslands, roadside, fields, and river beaches. The seeds of dandelions are wind-dispersed, making them highly proliferative. Consequently, the flower language of the dandelion is the expression of an uncontainable love.

7. Tarenaya Hassleriana

Tarenaya Hassleriana

Tarenaya Hassleriana, often known as Drunken Butterfly Flower, is an annual robust herbaceous plant belonging to the Cleomaceae family. The plant grows to a height of 1-1.5 meters and has palmate compound leaves. It features pale yellow spines on the petioles of its stipules. Its flowers, which grow in a terminal raceme, have red, pale red, or white petals that are spoon-shaped and inverted.

The stamens are 1-3 mm in length, while the pistils are 4-5 cm long. The fruit is densely covered with net-shaped patterns and the seeds are smooth and brown. The flowering and fruiting period is from March to August. Its name “Drunken Butterfly Flower” comes from the flower’s resemblance to a butterfly due to the long claw of its inverted egg-shaped petals.

Originally from tropical America, Tarenaya Hassleriana is cultivated in tropical to temperate zones worldwide for its ornamental value. It is heat tolerant and prefers warm, dry climates but is frost sensitive. It grows best in loose, fertile soil with good drainage and can tolerate both full sun and semi-shade. The optimal growth temperature is between 15-25°C. It is typically propagated by seeds.

8. Tephroseris Kirilowii

Tephroseris Kirilowii

Tephroseris Kirilowii, commonly known as Dog Tongue Grass, is a plant of the Asteraceae family. This annual herb grows 30-90 cm tall and is covered in short, coarse, white hairs. Its leaves are triangular or heart-shaped with long petioles and coarsely serrated edges.

The male inflorescence is spherical with numerous flowers that have bell-shaped corollas, while the female inflorescence is elliptical with the inner involucral bracts forming a pouch.

When mature, these bracts harden and are green, pale green, or sometimes reddish-brown. The outer surface has hook-like spines, and the beak is hard and cone-shaped, slightly curved at the end. The achene is elliptical and flat.

Dog Tongue Grass is found in China, Russia’s Far East, North Korea, and Japan. It typically grows on sunny mountain slopes or summits at altitudes of 250-2000 meters. The entire plant is used in traditional medicine for its heat-clearing, detoxifying, and diuretic properties.

9. Thalictrum Petaloideum

Thalictrum Petaloideum

The Thalictrum Petaloideum, a species from the Ranunculaceae family, is a hairless plant with several basal leaves that have short or slightly long petioles and are trifoliate or pinnate. The leaflets are grass-like, with a great variety in shape, and the terminal leaflets are ovate or broad ovate.

The flowers are arranged in an umbel-like inflorescence, with a few or many flowers. The sepals are white, early deciduous, ovate, with many stamens, and the anthers are narrow oblong. The pistils lack a stalk, the style is short, and the ventral surface is densely covered with stigmatic tissue.

The achene is ovate with a persistent style. Blooming occurs from June to July. Thalictrum Petaloideum is distributed in most parts of China, as well as Korea and the Siberian region of Russia. It thrives on sunny mountain slopes, but can also tolerate partial shade, and prefers wet, fertile, well-drained soil. It can be propagated by seeds or by root division.

10. Theaceae

Theaceae

Theaceae ‘Purple Majesty’ is a variety bred in Texas by Marjorie Washburne from seedlings of the winter camellia variety ‘Shishigashira. It was announced in 1958. The flower is purple-red, fully double, medium-sized, with a diameter of 7-8 cm and a thickness of 2.5 cm.

The leaves are densely grown, dark green, and the plant has an open, loose habit with fast growth. Its flowering period is from October to January of the following year. In 1958, it received the Ralph Peer Sasanqua Award from the American Camellia Society. In Taiwan, it is known as ‘Blue Field Jade’.


11. Thevetia Peruviana

Thevetia Peruviana

Thevetia Peruviana, also known as the “Yellow Oleander”, “Cup Flower”, or “Willow Son”, is an evergreen tree from the Apocynaceae family. It grows up to 5 meters tall, has a brownish bark, and is hairless. The leaves are alternate, nearly leathery, linear or lanceolate.

The flowers are large, yellow, fragrant, and arranged in a terminal cyme. The fruit is a flat triangular shape. Its flowering period is from May to December. The Yellow Oleander prefers a warm, humid climate.

It is native to the American tropics, the West Indies, and Mexico, and is distributed in Taiwan, Fujian, Guangdong, and other places in China. It is used for ornamental purposes in parks and gardens due to its slender leaves and bright yellow flowers. The entire plant is poisonous.

12. Tigridiopalma Magnifica

Tigridiopalma Magnifica

Tigridiopalma Magnifica, a perennial evergreen herbaceous plant in the family Melastomataceae, is characterized by its extremely short stem covered in coarse red hairs and short rhizomes. Its leaves are basal, membranous, heart-shaped, with round tips and fine-toothed edges. The leaf blade is 20-30 cm or larger, hairless on the surface and covered with red velvet on the back.

The leaf stalk is cylindrical and fleshy, also covered with red coarse hair. The plant produces a scorpion tail-like umbel inflorescence, with five dark red petals, and a funnel-shaped capsule. The flowering period is around late November, and the fruiting period is from March to May.

It is native to the southwestern part of Guangdong, China, and can be found in the dense forests of valleys at an altitude of about 480 meters, in damp shaded areas, beside streams, rivers, or on rocks.

This genus only has one species, Tigridiopalma Magnifica, which has large, beautiful leaves, strong shade tolerance, small and delicate buds, and bright and fresh flowers. It can be used as a high-grade ornamental plant for indoor and courtyard viewing.


13. Tillandsia Cyanea

Tillandsia Cyanea

Tillandsia Cyanea, a perennial herbaceous plant in the Bromeliaceae family, has a plant height of less than 30 cm. Its leaves are arching linear and grow in clusters on a shortened stem, either obliquely or horizontally. The leaves are green with a purple-brown halo at the base.

The inflorescence is short and pink, in a fan shape, with small blue-purple flowers that resemble butterflies. The flowering period is in the spring. Native to the rainforests of Ecuador, it is also distributed in Guatemala and other tropical countries in America.

It prefers a warm, humid, semi-shaded environment and is suitable for cultivation in loose, well-drained, fertile sandy soil. Propagation methods generally include division and seed propagation.

Tillandsia Cyanea is a beneficial flower, with a small and delicate plant shape, vibrant inflorescence color, flowers resembling red wheat ears, and a long blooming period that can be enjoyed for several months.

It is an excellent choice for home decoration and can be placed on office desks, coffee tables, windowsills, etc. Its flower language is “flawless and resilient”.

14. Torenia Fournieri

Torenia Fournieri

The Torenia Fournieri, also known as the summer pansy, is a dwarf perennial plant from the Scrophulariaceae family, native to tropical Asia and African forests. The summer pansy has a tiny quadrangular stem and its flower shape is similar to Impatiens walleriana and violets. Blossoms sprout from the leaf axils or terminal cymes at the top.

The flowers are rich and varied in color, thriving in high temperatures and heat. The plant is named for its resemblance to the summer blooming and lip-shaped flowers of the Torenia. Also known as the butterfly grass, flower cucumber grass, flower duke grass, blue pig’s ears, and blue moon, it is an essential flower plant in high-temperature areas during summer and autumn.

The plant height is 15-30 cm, and crown width is 15-30 cm, with a neat and dense plant shape. The flowers grow in the axils or terminal cymes, in colors of purple, peach, pink, dark blue, light blue, deep rose, orchid, dark peach, and purple.

15. Trachelospermum Jasminoides

Trachelospermum Jasminoides

The Trachelospermum Jasminoides, also known as star jasmine, is an evergreen woody vine of the Apocynaceae family and can grow up to 10 meters. The young stems are short and hairy, while the old ones are hairless. The leaves are leathery, oval or inverted oval with stalks.

The inflorescence is cone-shaped, terminal and axillary, with narrow elliptic calyx lobes and white corolla. The fruit is a linear-lanceolate schizocarp; the seeds are elliptical with white silky tufts at the top. The blooming period is from March to August, and the fruiting period is from June to December.

Star jasmine is native to China, but also found in Japan, Korea, and Vietnam. It prefers semi-shady and damp environments, and is both drought and moisture tolerant. It grows in the wild, along streams, roadsides, forest edges, or mixed forests, often twining on trees or climbing on walls and rocks.

It can also be transplanted into gardens; it is not very demanding of soil, and prefers well-drained sandy loam. Star jasmine reproduces through layering or cutting propagation, generally not through sowing. The whole plant is poisonous and is listed as a toxic plant in the Chinese Plant Atlas Database.

16. Tricolor Lotus

Tricolor Lotus

The Tricolor Lotus is one of the varieties of bowl lotus. It is an aquatic plant, a miniature lotus that is planted in a pot or bowl.

The leaves are shield-shaped circular, and the petioles are stout with short thorns. The flowers are solitary at the top of the flower stalk, the buds are long peach-shaped, the petal tips are red, the middle is pinkish white, and the base is yellow.

The flower diameter is 10-12 cm, the flowers are dense, and they bloom early. The container for planting the bowl lotus should have a diameter of 25-750px and a depth of 20-625px, and it should be made of a material that does not easily leak water.

During the growing period, it requires a fully illuminated environment, and if it grows in a semi-shaded place, it will show a strong phototropism.

17. Trifolium Repens

Trifolium Repens

Trifolium Repens, also known as White Clover, is a perennial herbaceous plant from the Fabaceae family. Its stems creep along the ground, while the leaves protrude upright. Each leaflet is heart-shaped, with finely toothed edges and prominent veins.

The stipules are oval in shape and clasp the stem at the top. The flower heads are spherical, with peduncles longer than the petioles, and the flowers are white or pale pink. The fruit is an inverted egg-shaped pod that is membranous and inflated. The seeds are brown and nearly round. It typically flowers between April and June.

Originally from Europe and North Africa, White Clover is now globally widespread. It is semi-wild, found in moist grasslands, riverbanks, and roadside areas. The plant thrives in warm, moist climates, but is intolerant of drought and long-term waterlogging.

It prefers light and grows abundantly in sunny locations. It is competitive, prefers clay and acid-tolerant soils, but can also grow in sandy soils. Propagation is through seeding.

18. Triticum Aestivum

Triticum Aestivum

Triticum Aestivum, or Wheat Flower, is arranged in an inflorescence spike, commonly known as a wheat spike. The spike consists of a rachis and spikelets. The rachis is upright and unbranched, with numerous nodes, each bearing a spikelet. Each spikelet contains two glumes and 3-9 florets.

The wheat flower is bisexual, consisting of an outer glume, an inner glume, three stamens, a pistil, and two lodicules. Depending on the variety, some have awns, while others do not.

19. Tropaeolum Majus

Tropaeolum Majus

Tropaeolum Majus, known as Nasturtium, is a climbing annual herbaceous plant from the Tropaeolaceae family. The leaves are alternate, with petioles that twist upwards. Leaves are round with wavy shallow notches, and the underside is sparsely hairy or has milky points.

The flowers are yellow, purple, orange-red, or mixed colors. The flower stem is cup-shaped, and the petals are round with notches on the edge. The fruit is a flat spherical shape. The flowering and fruiting period is from June to October.

Nasturtiums, named for their characteristics, have golden yellow flowers and leaves similar to a lotus. However, they grow in the soil, hence the name “Nasturtium,” which translates to “dry gold lotus.”

Originated from South America, Peru, Brazil, and other places, Nasturtiums prefer warm, damp, sunny climates. They are not resistant to fertility, frost, or waterlogging. They are robust, easy to cultivate, and prefer loose, fertile, well-draining loam soil. Nasturtiums propagate through seeding and cutting.

20. Tulbaghia Violacea

Tulbaghia Violacea

Tulbaghia Violacea, a perennial herbaceous plant of the Amaryllidaceae family, is characterized by small bulbous plants with strap-shaped basal leaves tapering at the end. The flower stem is upright with pale purple globular umbel inflorescences.

The fruit is triangular, containing black seeds. The plant blooms and bears fruit almost all year round, with summer and autumn being the peak periods. Native to South Africa, it is cultivated worldwide. It prefers sunlight, heat, and isn’t picky about soil, but thrives best in fertile and well-drained loamy or sandy soil. Propagation methods include division, scaling, or sowing.

21. Tulipa Gesneriana

Tulipa Gesneriana

Tulipa Gesneriana, a herbaceous plant of the Liliaceae family, is known for its ovate bulbs. The bulb skin is papery, and the inside is sparsely hairy at the top and bottom. The leaves are lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate. The flowers are large, vibrant, and solitary, with red, white, or yellow tepals. It blooms between April and May.

As tulips resemble lotus flowers and originate from the Mediterranean coast, they are also known as “foreign lotus. Tulips prefer long daylight, sun, and wind protection. They thrive in warm, humid winters and cool, dry summers. They prefer rich, loose, fertile, well-drained slightly acidic sandy soil.

Tulips are typically propagated by separating small bulbs, but they can also be sown outdoors in the fall. Tulips can eliminate malaise, and the roots have a calming effect. As the national flower of the Netherlands, tulip festivals are held when the flowers are in full bloom in late spring.

22. Turnera Ulmifolia

Turnera Ulmifolia

Turnera Ulmifolia, a perennial herb or semi-shrub of the Passifloraceae family, is about 60-90 cm tall with alternate, long ovate leaves with serrated edges. The flowers bloom at the ends of the branches, with yellow five-petaled corollas.

The fruit either splits open or remains closed, containing a few to many seeds. It blooms in spring and summer and bears fruit in summer and autumn. Known as the “clock flower” because it opens in the morning and closes in the evening.

Native to Brazil, Menghai, Mengla, Jinghong, and the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanic Garden, it is typically found on roadsides, grassy slopes, or in the jungle at altitudes of 120-800 meters. It thrives in sunlight, warm and humid climates, wet conditions, and loose, well-drained soil. It is usually propagated by sowing or cutting.

The plant has a bitter taste, is slightly cold, and slightly toxic. It is beneficial for deworming, and is used in Brazilian folk medicine as an anti-inflammatory and for treating influenza and abdominal pain caused by parasites.

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