36 Flowers That Start With H

1. Habenaria Radiata

Habenaria Radiata

The White Egret Flower, scientifically named Habenaria Radiata, hails from Korea, Taiwan, and Japan. It’s part of the Orchid family, with a known count of 12 varieties being cultivated. Its beauty has led to overharvesting, causing a dramatic decrease in its numbers and positioning it on the brink of extinction. It ranks as the third most extraordinary plant species globally.

2. Hydnora africana

Hydnora africana

The African Hydnora, Hydnora Africana, is among the sixteen notoriously stunning plants worldwide, belonging to the Euphorbia family. This native South African plant thrives in arid, barren desert areas and is commonly referred to as a grassland Euphorbia in Namibia.

It’s a silver-grey succulent shrub that can reach up to two meters in height. Its roots are as hard as wood, with a honeycomb-like appearance.

3. Hamamelis Mollis

Hamamelis Mollis

Hamamelis Mollis, also known as Chinese Witch Hazel or Bull’s Foot, is a deciduous shrub or small tree from the Hamamelidaceae family that can grow up to 8 meters tall. Its younger branches are covered in star-shaped down, while its older branches are bare.

The buds are long ovate, with beautiful, wide, inverted ovate leaves. Its golden yellow flowers cluster in leaf axils and dance gracefully like golden threads, earning it its name.

Blooming in early spring and enduring winter’s chill, it resembles the wax plum in appearance and is often referred to as the “Winter Flower.” It is found throughout the provinces along the Yangtze River.

4. Hedychium Coronarium

Hedychium Coronarium

The Hedychium Coronarium, also known as Wild Ginger Lily or Butterfly Lily, is a freshwater herbaceous plant from the ginger family. Standing 1-2 meters tall, it boasts a spike-like inflorescence and tubular calyx. Its leaves are alternately arranged, elongated, sharp at both ends, smooth on the surface, and slightly hairy on the back.

This plant thrives in warm winters and humid summers but lacks drought resistance. It prefers semi-shaded conditions during early growth stages, then requires ample sunlight when vigorous growth kicks in. Rich, moisture-retaining soil is ideal.

The Ginger Lily emits a refreshing fragrance, serving as a natural air freshener when kept indoors. It typically bears white flowers with harmonious color distribution, making it an attractive potted plant. Its flowers, resembling butterflies, have earned it names like Butterfly Ginger or White Butterfly Flower.

Originally from the tropical areas of Asia, India, and Malaysia, it was introduced to China during the Qing dynasty. Interestingly, it is the national flower of Cuba and Nicaragua.

5. Heksagonalni Crvena Kamelija

Heksagonalni Crvena Kamelija

The Heksagonalni Crvena Kamelija, also referred to as “Songyang Red,” is a beautifully shaped tree with full, upright branches and dark green, ovate, toothed leaves. It is a slow grower.

The original “Songyang Red” flowers can reach diameters of 10 to 12 centimeters or more, with most exhibiting a “hexagonal tile-like orderly arrangement” and “wheel-like spiral orderly arrangement.”

Each flower boasts over a hundred petals, arranged in more than 8 to 10 layers, forming a perfectly double-blossomed type. There are a few flowers that appear as “rose double-blossomed type or peony type.” This plant originates from Songyang, Zhejiang, China.

Its flowers are vibrant red, perfectly double-blossomed, with a few appearing as “rose double-blossomed type or peony type.” The large flowers can reach diameters of 10 to 12 centimeters or more. Each flower has over a hundred petals, arranged in a tiled hexagonal pattern.

6. Helianthus Annuus

Helianthus Annuus

The Sunflower, scientifically known as Helianthus Annuus, is a robust herbaceous plant belonging to the sunflower genus in the Asteraceae family. Marked by a sturdy stem covered in white, coarse hairs, it blooms with disc-shaped, yellow flowers.

The ray florets are infertile, while the disk florets are abundant. The achene, its fruit, is a compressed ovate. Its leaves grow alternately, having long stems and are heart-shaped to ovate, edged with rough serrations and covered in short, coarse hair.

The sunflower blossoms from July to September, with the fruits maturing from August to September. Aptly named for its sun-like shape and heliotropic nature, the Sunflower turns its face to follow the sun across the sky.

The Sunflower primarily thrives in China but is also found in Russia, the United States, Argentina, France, and other countries. It prefers warm climates, withstands cold, is drought-resistant, and has low soil requirements.

It can grow in a wide range of soil types, from fertile to arid, thin, and saline-alkali soils. Propagation of sunflowers mainly occurs through seeding, typically sown in March or April and harvested in July or August.

The entire Sunflower plant can be used medicinally, offering benefits such as dispelling wind, soothing the liver, clearing heat, promoting diuresis, detoxification, and purging pus. The plant also has substantial economic value.

Its stems can be used for papermaking and production of potassium and calcium fertilizers. As one of the world’s top five oilseed crops, Sunflower oil, a semi-drying oil, is easy to refine and process. The Sunflower symbolizes adoration, radiance, loyalty, and pride.

7. Helianthus Annuus L.

Helianthus Annuus  L.

The Teddy Bear Sunflower, Helianthus annuus L., is a variety of potted ornamental sunflower. Also known as the beautiful sunflower, this Asteraceae sunflower species sports large, eye-catching flowers and dense foliage, making it an innovative choice for potted ornamental plants.

The cultivation history of ornamental sunflowers is not long, but their development is swift. Starting from single-petal sunflowers, breeders have quickly developed dwarf varieties, orange double-petal varieties, and small-flowered sunflowers with strong branching capabilities.

These have pushed ornamental sunflowers into the expansive cut flower market, making them a novel material for bouquets.

8. Helianthus Annuus ‘Orange Sun’

Helianthus Annuus 'Orange Sun’

The Helianthus Annuus ‘Orange Sun’ is an annual herbaceous plant, standing 1.0-3.5 meters tall, with hybrid varieties reaching a half meter. Its sturdy, erect stem, multi-angled and round, is covered with white coarse hairs.

Native to the tropics, it exhibits strong temperature adaptability, thriving in warmth yet tolerating the cold. Mimicking the sun in appearance, its bright and generous flowers make for excellent ornamental arrangements.

Its seeds hold significant economic value: not only can they be made into popular sunflower seeds, but they also yield high-quality, low-cholesterol sunflower oil. The ‘Orange Sun’ is a type of sunflower.

The Helianthus Annuus L., or ‘Music Box’ sunflower, is an annual herb, growing 1-3 meters tall. Its stem, robust and erect, is multi-angled and round, bristling with white coarse hairs. Commonly known as sunflower, it favors warmth and tolerates drought. Originally from North America, it is cultivated worldwide. The ‘Music Box’ is a variant of sunflower.

9. HelianthusannuusL.


Key features include: it is the predominant variety in Taiwan’s flower market and the most cultivated in our farm. It boasts a long blooming period, extended vase life, and produces no pollen. It’s a popular choice for graduation ceremonies.

Native to North America, it grows in all nations worldwide. Originally tropical, it is highly adaptable to temperature, thriving in warmth yet hardy against the cold.

10. Helicodiceros Muscivorus

Helicodiceros Muscivorus

The “Helicodiceros muscivorus”, known as the White Star Arum, is a perennial herb with long, narrow leaves and tubers, originating in Europe and West Asia. Its massive, beautiful flowers hold great ornamental value.

However, its blooming period is extremely short, making the spectacle of its full bloom a rare sight. The only shortfall is its scent, akin to a decaying corpse or a stinky sock.

Among all flowers worldwide, the White Star Arum arguably has the most unpleasant smell. Yet, this off-putting odor serves an important purpose for the plant itself.

11. Heliotropium Arborescens

Heliotropium Arborescens

The Heliotropium arborescens, also known as garden heliotrope, is an intriguing plant with its rich, emerald green leaves that curl in a captivating manner. Its flowers are petite, bunched into fuzzy, ball-shaped clusters displaying hues of violet or purple.

The fragrance they emanate is uniquely enticing, uplifting one’s spirit. The plant can bloom throughout the year in a suitable climate, but is most prolific between April and June. Extracts from these flowers, rich in aromatic oils, are often used in the production of floral perfumes.

Originally from Peru, this dwarf shrub from the Boraginaceae family flourishes with clusters of 3-5 millimeter purple and white flowers. It thrives in moist environments and requires ample sunlight. Insufficient daylight results in a more sparse growth, with slender stems and small flowers, or it may even inhibit blooming altogether.

12. Hemerocallis Fulva

Hemerocallis Fulva

The Hemerocallis Fulva, a part of the Asphodelaceae family, boasts flesh-like roots that swell into a spindle shape towards the middle and bottom. Its leaves are usually quite wide. The flowers, which bloom in the morning and wilt by evening, lack fragrance.

They range in color from tangerine red to orange-yellow, and the lower part of the inner petals typically feature a ‘v-shaped’ marking. These characteristics distinguish it from other species found in China. Its flowering and fruiting period is from May to July.

This plant is native to southern China, primarily found on both the southern and northern slopes of the Qinling Mountains. It is often cultivated and grows wildly in moist gullies at altitudes ranging from 300 to 2500 meters. It prefers sunlight but can tolerate partial shade, displaying a robust nature, cold resistance, and drought tolerance.

The daylily is a representative species and one of China’s traditional vegetables. With its robust root system, it can prevent soil erosion.

Both the roots and leaves can be used medicinally, and are known for their high medicinal value, including brain health improvement, vision enhancement, and significant reduction of serum cholesterol levels.

Daylilies are rich in iron and thus effective in enriching the blood and stopping bleeding. They are particularly beneficial for women in need of blood nourishment.

13. Hemerocallis Hybrid

Hemerocallis Hybrid

The Hemerocallis Hybrid, a perennial herbaceous plant from the Lily family, boasts short rhizomes and robust spindle-shaped fleshy roots. Its basal leaves are linear, a lush, narrow green, and it displays a top-borne umbel inflorescence, with the flower stalk exceeding the leaves and emitting a pleasant fragrance.

The corolla is funnel-shaped or bell-shaped, with outward-bending petals. Each flower has a relatively brief blooming period, with the overall flowering stage taking place from July to August.

Originally native to Japan and China, the Hemerocallis Hybrid is hardy, enjoying abundant light but also tolerating semi-shade and drought. It is not overly demanding of soil conditions, and can overwinter outdoors in North China.

It can be planted on the edges of large forests, as well as in courtyards, parks, and botanical gardens. Propagation methods include division and tissue culture.

The Hemerocallis Hybrid has the effect of clearing heat, promoting diuresis, cooling the blood, and detoxifying. It is used to treat symptoms such as edema, dysuria, cloudy urine, cholecystitis, carbuncles, bloody stools, uterine bleeding, leucorrhoea, insufficient breast milk, and irregular menstruation. It can also be applied topically to treat mastitis and snakebite wounds.

14. Hemerocallis Lilioasphodelus

Hemerocallis Lilioasphodelus

The Hemerocallis Lilioasphodelus, a plant from the Asphodelaceae family, has roots that vary significantly in size but are generally somewhat fleshy, somewhat cord-like, and 2-4 millimeters thick. Its leaves are 20-70 centimeters long and 3-12 millimeters wide.

The flower scape is longer or slightly shorter than the leaves; the bracts are lanceolate, reaching 3-6 centimeters in length at the base of the inflorescence; the pedicels are clearly visible and vary in length.

The corolla is pale yellow, with the corolla tube typically 1.5-2.5 centimeters long and never exceeding 3 centimeters; the corolla lobes are 5-7 centimeters long. The capsule is elliptical, about 2 centimeters. The flowering and fruiting period is from June to September.

It is distributed in China, as well as in Russia and Europe. It grows in meadows, wet grasslands, barren slopes, or under shrubs at altitudes of 500-2300 meters.

The flowers can be used as wild vegetables. The roots and rhizomes have the effects of clearing heat, promoting diuresis, cooling the blood, and stopping bleeding. It can also be used as an ornamental plant.

15. Heracleum Moellendorffii Hance

Heracleum Moellendorffii Hance

Heracleum moellendorffii Hance, known as Short-haired Hogweed, is a perennial herb of the Heracleum genus in the Apiaceae family. The plant has an upright stem that branches out at the top, and its leaves are pinnate with wide ovate or ovate leaflets at the top.

It bears terminal and axillary compound umbel inflorescences with white petals, and its fruit is a pale brownish yellow, broad oval shape. The flowering and fruiting period is from July to September.

The Short-haired Hogweed is distributed in several parts of China. It can be found in shady, damp slopes, under forests, near ditches, at the edge of woods, or in meadows. It is fond of cool, humid climates, and grows best in deep, fertile, loose soil rich in humus. The plant propagates through seeds and root buds.

The Short-haired Hogweed also has medicinal properties. With its acrid, bitter taste and slight warmth, it is known to dispel wind, dispel cold, overcome dampness, and relieve pain.

16. Hibiscus Mutabilis

Heracleum Moellendorffii Hance

Hibiscus Mutabilis, or Confederate Rose, is a woody plant of the Hibiscus genus in the Malvaceae family. Its twigs have fine villi; its leaves are ovate-heart-shaped, and its stipules are lanceolate and often shed early.

The flowers bloom singly, with bell-shaped calyxes and corollas that start off white or light pink and gradually turn deep red. The fruit is a flat globe shape with a pale yellow fuzz. The flowering period is from August to October.

The flowers, which can be white, pink, or red, are as bright as lotus flowers coming out of the water or as vibrant as unfolding lotus petals. Hence, it is also referred to as the “Lotus Flower”. Given that it grows on land and is a woody plant, it is also known as the “Wooden Lotus”.

The Confederate Rose is native to Hunan, China, and cultivated in Japan and Southeast Asian countries. It prefers a warm, humid climate, loves light, is frost-sensitive, water-tolerant, and pruning-resistant, and grows best in warm, fertile, slightly acidic soil with good drainage. Propagation methods include cutting, layering, division, and sowing.

The Confederate Rose has medicinal values that include clearing heat, detoxifying, reducing swelling, discharging pus, cooling the blood, and stopping bleeding. It can be used to treat lung heat cough, excessive menstruation, burns, and injuries from falls.

The Confederate Rose is resistant to and can absorb various harmful gases like sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide. Not only that, but it also has the ability to purify dust and smoke.

17. Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis

Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis

The Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis, also known as the Chinese Rose or Buddha Malvaceae, is predominantly red, leading it to be colloquially referred to as the ‘Big Red Flower’ in South China. This evergreen shrub grows between one and three meters tall, with cylindrical branches lightly covered in star-shaped hairs.

Its broad ovate or narrow ovate leaves are hairless, except for a few along the veins on the back. The flowers, which bloom throughout the year, are solitary, often drooping, and found in the upper leaf axils.

The funnel-shaped corolla, with a diameter of 6-10 centimeters, is rosy red or pale red, pale yellow, and other colors. The petals are ovate with rounded tips and sparsely covered with soft hairs. The smooth, hairless capsule fruit is ovate, about 2.5 cm long, and beaked.

The Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis, a popular ornamental plant native to China, is cultivated worldwide, especially in tropical and subtropical regions, for its large and vibrant flowers that bloom year-round.

18. Hibiscus Sabdariffa

Hibiscus Sabdariffa

The Hibiscus Sabdariffa, a member of the Malvaceae family, is an annual herbaceous plant that grows between one and two meters in height. Its stems and branches are pale purple, with ovate leaves at the lower part of the stem and palmate leaves at the upper part.

The leaflets are lanceolate with a circular or wide wedge-shaped base, and both sides are hairless. The stipules are linear, and the plant is an evergreen or semi-evergreen shrub. The capsule fruit is ovate-spherical, and the seeds are kidney-shaped. The flowering period is from July to October, and the fruiting period is from November to December.

Originally from Africa, Hibiscus Sabdariffa was introduced to China in 1945. It thrives under short-day conditions in tropical and subtropical regions, preferring warm, moist, and acidic soil. It reproduces primarily through seeding.

The root, fruit, and seeds of Hibiscus Sabdariffa can be used medicinally for cardiovascular diseases, arteriosclerosis, and hypertension. They are also used for brewing tea and making beverages, offering a sour taste.

Furthermore, the plant can provide an extract used as a food colorant in the food industry. It has various health benefits, including heat-clearing, detoxifying, beautifying, spot-removing, and hangover relief. Its flower language is tranquility and waiting, earning it the reputation of the “Red Gem of Plants.

19. Hibiscus Schizopetalus

Hibiscus Schizopetalus

The Hibiscus Schizopetalus, a perennial shrub from the mallow family, stands up to 3 meters high and is typically drooping. Sporting elliptical or oblong leaves with pointed or short acuminate tips and a wedge-shaped base, it features slender, hairless or pilose flower stalks with nodes in the middle.

The fruit it bears is cylindrically long and it blooms all year round. Its lantern-like appearance has earned it the name “Fringed Hibiscus.”

Originally from the tropics of East Africa, this plant thrives in humidity and is frost-hardy. It prefers loose, fertile, well-drained sandy loam, and grows well in temperatures between 20℃ and 30℃. The usual method of propagation is through cutting.

The leaves and roots of the Fringed Hibiscus have medicinal properties. They are spicy and cool in nature, known for their heat-clearing and detoxifying effects, and can be used to treat symptoms like armpit sores and abdominal bloating due to qi stagnation.

Its unique flower shape makes it highly ornamental. It is suitable for cultivation in parks, courtyards, and residential areas, and can also be used for hedge planting.

20. Hibiscus Syriacus

Hibiscus Syriacus

The Hibiscus Syriacus, a deciduous shrub from the mallow family, has a large tree size. Its twigs are covered with yellow star-shaped fluff, the leaves are rhombic ovate, and the stipules are linear and pilose.

The flowers, which are light purple, bell-shaped, and ovate, appear singly at the ends of branches and in leaf axils, and are also covered with fine hairs and star-shaped long soft hairs.

The fruit is ovate, covered with yellow star-shaped fluff, and the kidney-shaped seeds have a long white soft hair on the back. Its flowering period is from July to October.

The Hibiscus Syriacus is native to Central China. It prefers sunny locations, is slightly shade-tolerant, and enjoys warm and humid climates, being both heat and frost-resistant. It is not particular about soil conditions, but grows well in loose, breathable soil rich in various nutrients.

It can withstand dry and infertile conditions, and is moist-loving yet drought-tolerant. It can be propagated by seeding, layering, cutting, and splitting.

The Hibiscus Syriacus is an ornamental shrub in summer and autumn, and is a common shrub species in gardens. It has a certain resistance to harmful gases such as sulfur dioxide and chloride, and also has a certain dust retention function. It is a primary greening species for polluted factories.

21. Hibiscus Syriacus

Hibiscus Syriacus

The Pinkish-Purple Double Hibiscus Syriacus, a variant within the Mallow family’s Hibiscus species, is a fast-growing perennial shrub that can be planted and harvested over several years. This variant’s flowers are pinkish-purple, with fuchsia bases on the inner petals that are double-layered.

It is found in regions of mainland China, such as Shandong. It thrives in light and semi-shaded environments, preferring a warm and moist climate, and is frost resistant. It’s a robust plant that can withstand drought and poor soil, doesn’t tolerate waterlogging, and is prune-resistant. It also has a strong resistance to sulfur dioxide.

22. Hibiscus Tiliaceus

Hibiscus Tiliaceus

The Yellow Hibiscus Tiliaceus, from the Mallow family, is an evergreen shrub or small tree. Its twigs are either hairless or sparsely covered with star-shaped downy hair. The leaves are nearly round or broadly ovate, with pointed or short tapering tips and a heart-shaped base.

They are either entire or have fine rounded teeth. The stipules are oblong and shed early. The flowers are singly borne in leaf axils or several flowers form axillary or terminal cymes. The calyx is cup-shaped and lanceolate. The corolla is bell-shaped with ovate petals densely covered with yellow downy hair.

The fruit is ovate with a short rim and covered with downy hair. It seeds are kidney-shaped with milky tubercles. The flowering period is from June to August, and the fruiting period is from August to September.

The Yellow Hibiscus originated in tropical America. It enjoys light and a warm and moist climate. It has strong adaptability, tolerating shade, cold, water moisture, drought, and poor soil. It isn’t particular about soil quality and thrives in well-drained, fertile, and moist soil. It reproduces mostly through seeding or cutting.

The Yellow Hibiscus tastes sweet and bland, and it’s cool in nature. It has the effect of clearing heat and detoxifying. The tender leaves of the Yellow Hibiscus can be stir-fried or used in soups.

The Yellow Hibiscus helps prevent wind erosion and solidify beaches, and can also serve as a greening tree species. Its wood is hard, dense, and corrosion-resistant, making it suitable for shipbuilding, construction, and furniture making. Its bark fiber can be used to make ropes.

23. Hippeastrum Rutilum

Hippeastrum Rutilum

The Hippeastrum Rutilum, a perennial herb of the Amaryllidaceae family, bears a near-spherical bulb with stolons. Its leaves are vibrant green and strap-shaped, while its hollow flower stem is slightly flattened, coated in white powder and tubular.

The flower’s oval tepals taper at the tip and are predominantly red with a hint of purple. Its red stamens house linear oval anthers. The fruit is a spherical capsule. It generally blooms in the summer.

Native to Mexico and Argentina in South America, it often grows under trees, on lawns, slopes or semi-shaded areas as ground cover.

It prefers light but tolerates some shade, thrives in dry, cool climates, and isn’t cold-hardy. It dislikes direct sunlight, rain, and waterlogging, and grows best in sandy soil rich in organic matter with good drainage. It typically reproduces through seeding or bulb division.

The Hippeastrum Rutilum, often referred to as the “Rouge Hole” for its beauty akin to lilies and orchids, symbolizes a desire to be loved and the pursuit of love. Its bulb is used in traditional medicine for its spicy, toxic properties that can detoxify and reduce swelling.

However, it is a poisonous herb, and accidental consumption can lead to anorexia, diarrhea, or even death.

24. Holmskioldia Sanguinea

Holmskioldia Sanguinea

Holmskioldia Sanguinea, a perennial evergreen shrub from the Verbenaceae family, has quadrangular twigs with four furrows, covered in hair. Its opposite leaves are membranous, oval or broadly ovate, with a round or nearly truncate base and serrated edges.

Both sides of the leaves have sparse hairs and glandular dots. Its inflorescence is typically composed of 2-6 umbels forming a conical shape, each with three flowers, the middle one with a longer pedicel. The pedicel and inflorescence stems have short glandular hairs and long simple hairs.

Its calyx is vermillion or orange-red, and the ovate fruit is enclosed within the persistent, enlarged calyx. It usually blooms from late winter to early spring. Native to the Himalayas, it is a robust, sun-loving shrub that requires temperatures above 0°C in winter. It is an excellent nectar source and ornamental shrub.

25. Hosta Plantaginea

Hosta Plantaginea

The Hosta Plantaginea, also known as August Lily, is a perennial herbaceous plant from the Asparagaceae family. The plant possesses clustered, basal leaves that are ovate-heart-shaped, ovate, or ovate-round. The flower stems stand tall between 40 and 80 centimeters, each bearing several to a dozen flowers.

These flowers, either singular or clustered in twos or threes, are 10 to 13 centimeters long, white, and fragrant. The fruit is a cylindrical capsule with three ridges. The blooming and fruiting period is from August to October. The name “August Lily” supposedly comes from its pristine, jade-like flowers that resemble the hairpins worn by ancient Chinese women.

Native to Japan, the plant typically reproduces through division but can also propagate from seeds. As a shade-loving plant, the August Lily thrives in damp, shady environments and adverse effects like yellowing leaves and poor growth may result from exposure to intense sunlight. It prefers fertile, moist sandy loam soil and can tolerate cold temperatures. It can survive the winter outdoors in most parts of China but dislikes direct sunlight.

The roots of the August Lily have a sweet, mild flavor and a slightly cold nature. They have medicinal properties such as reducing swelling, detoxifying, and stopping bleeding. Additionally, the plant can be used as ground cover under trees or planted in rock gardens or on the north side of buildings, serving as a traditional fragrant flower in Chinese courtyards.

26. Hosta Ventricosa

Hosta Ventricosa

Hosta Ventricosa, also known as Purple Eared Hosta, is another perennial herbaceous plant from the Asparagaceae family. The plant can reach a height of 30 to 50 centimeters. It has ovate-heart-shaped, ovate to ovate-round leaves that are short-tailed or abruptly pointed at the tip, heart-shaped or nearly truncate at the base.

The bracts are rectangular to lanceolate, membranous, and white. The purple-red flowers, which are single and flare abruptly into a near-funnel shape from the perianth tube, have stamens that extend outside the perianth and are completely separate.

The fruit is also a cylindrical capsule with three ridges. The blooming period is from June to July, and the fruiting period is from July to September.

Native to China and Japan, the Purple Eared Hosta often grows under forests, on grassy slopes or roadside, at altitudes of 500 to 2400 meters. It enjoys a warm, moist environment and is shade-tolerant and frost-resistant. It grows well in deep, fertile, well-drained sandy loam soil. The plant usually reproduces through division and seed propagation.

The Purple Eared Hosta has a sweet and bitter taste, with a warm nature. It has cooling and hemostatic properties, and can detoxify.

It is used for treating symptoms such as vomiting blood, uterine bleeding, damp-heat dysentery, sore throat, abscesses, ulcers, and injuries from falls and blows. Its flowers symbolize longing, romance, and joy, and it’s often gifted to long-lost lovers.

27. Houttuynia Cordata

Houttuynia Cordata

Houttuynia Cordata, commonly known as Fishmint, is a Chinese medicinal herb. The dried above-ground parts of this plant, a member of the Saururaceae family, are harvested when the stems and leaves are lush, and the flower spikes are numerous in summer. The harvested parts are cleaned of impurities and then sun-dried.

The physical characteristics of this herb include its flattened cylindrical stem, which is twisted and measures between 20 to 35 cm in length and 0.2 to 0.3 cm in diameter. Its surface is brownish-yellow with several longitudinal ridges.

The nodes are prominent, with the lower ones having residual fibrous roots. The stem is brittle and easily broken. The leaves are opposite, curled, and wrinkled. When flattened, they are heart-shaped, 3 to 5 cm long, and 3 to 4.5 cm wide.

The upper surface is dark yellow-green to dark brown, while the underside is gray-green or gray-brown. The leaf stalk is slender and fused with the base of the stipule, forming a sheath. The spicate inflorescences are terminal and yellow-brown. When crushed, they emit a fishy smell.

Fishmint has a pungent taste and a cool nature, and it is associated with the lung meridian. It is used to clear heat, detoxify, reduce swelling, heal sores, promote urination, eliminate dampness, stop diarrhea, invigorate the stomach, and promote digestion.

It is effective for conditions such as lung abscess due to heat, toxicity, damp evil, acute heat, sores, swellings, hemorrhoids, bleeding, and stomach heat. Modern pharmacological experiments show that it has antibacterial, antiviral properties, enhances immunity, and promotes urination.

28. Hoya Carnosa

Hoya Carnosa

Hoya Carnosa, also known as Wax Plant, belongs to the Asclepiadaceae family and is a perennial herbaceous plant. Its stems have aerial roots at the nodes and can reach over 200 cm in length, attaching to other objects for growth.

The leaves are entire, opposite, thick, and fleshy, and they are ovate or oblong-ovate. The inflorescences are umbellate, axillary, and often cluster into a spherical shape. The flowers are white with a light red center.

The star-shaped small flowers form nearly spherical umbellate inflorescences, which are elegant and fragrant, resembling beautiful flower balls, hence the name “Wax Plant.”

The Wax Plant is native to the tropical regions of Asia. It often grows in tropical damp forests or crevices and commonly attaches to rocks or trees. The Wax Plant prefers warm and humid environments and is frost-sensitive. It grows best in humus-rich, well-drained loam.

The Wax Plant has a neutral nature and a bitter taste. It is used to clear heat, detoxify, disperse lumps, and relieve pain. It is used in modern clinical practices for treating bronchial pneumonia, bronchitis, epidemic encephalitis B, rheumatic joint pain, and more. Additionally, the Wax Plant is effective for lung heat cough but less effective for a deficient cold cough.

29. Hyacinthoides Non-Scripta

Hyacinthoides Non-Scripta

The Hyacinthoides non-scripta, a bulbous plant in the Asparagaceae family, can grow up to 50 centimeters tall with 3-6 linear leaves extending up to 50 centimeters and 2.5 centimeters wide. Each flower stem droops and curves towards the tip, bearing 4-16 flowers along one side.

The drooping, highly fragrant flowers are typically a vibrant purple-blue, though occasionally can be pink or white. Petals and sepals form a tubular bell shape, 14-20 millimeters long, with the segments curling at the tips.

The anthers are cream-colored. The pod-like fruit is membranous, nearly spherical, and three-lobed. Seeds, ranging from 3-30, are black, spherical to oval, and wingless.

Hyacinthoides non-scripta thrives in loosely acidic soil, preferring shade over direct sunlight, hence, its primary habitat is densely leaf-littered deciduous forests.

This thick leaf layer facilitates the implantation of young bulbs, and the shade from summer trees provides sun protection. It can be found from Northwestern Spain to the Atlantic region of the British Isles, and it’s a common sight in Western gardens.

30. Hyacinthus Orientalis

Hyacinthus Orientalis

The Hyacinthus orientalis, a perennial herb from the Hyacinthaceae family, has a bulbous root; its bulb is egg-shaped with a membranous skin. The skin color correlates with the flower color, appearing similar to a large garlic clove when not in bloom.

The leaves are lanceolate, fleshy, thick, glossy, and green. Flowers are primarily blue, pink, white, goose yellow, purple, yellow, crimson, and red, blooming in early spring. The original species has a light purple color and a fragrant smell.

Native to the Mediterranean and Asia Minor, Hyacinthus orientalis is divided into two categories: Dutch and Roman. The Hyacinth enjoys a warm, humid winter, a cool, slightly dry summer, and a sunny or semi-shady environment. It prefers fertile, well-drained sandy loam soil.

The Hyacinth is a popular early spring ornamental plant worldwide. It can eliminate indoor odors, eradicate airborne bacteria, and has excellent formaldehyde absorption and dust filtration abilities.

However, its bulbs are toxic – accidental ingestion can cause dizziness, stomach cramps, and diarrhea. The Hyacinth’s symbolism involves victory, joy, love, and happiness. In the UK, the blue Hyacinth has long been a bridal bouquet or decoration, representing the purity of the newlyweds, hoping to bring happiness.

31. Hydrangea Macrophylla

Hydrangea Macrophylla

The Bigleaf Hydrangea, a woody plant from the Hydrangea family, boasts a stunning sphere-shaped canopy. This plant features thick, hairless twigs and broad, ovate or elliptical leaves with thick, hairless petioles.

Its flower clusters, spherical or head-shaped, are thick, plush, and densely dotted with pink, light blue, or white blossoms. The fruit resembles a spinning top. Blooming occurs between June and August. Originally known as the “Eight Immortals” flower, it was renamed “Hydrangea” due to its resemblance to an embroidered ball.

Native to China and Japan, with presence in Korea as well, Hydrangeas favor light and semi-shade. They thrive in warm, moist environments, but are not particularly cold-resistant. They prefer fertile, well-drained, loose soil.

The soil’s acidity or alkalinity largely determines the flower’s color, with acidic soil producing blue flowers and alkaline soil leading to red ones. Hydrangeas can be propagated through division, layering, and cutting.

Hydrangea petals have medicinal properties, helping to clear heat, detoxify, and provide anti-malaria benefits. They are primarily used to treat heart palpitations, restlessness, malaria, laryngitis, and renal cystitis.

32. Hydrocotyle Vulgaris

Hydrocotyle Vulgaris

The Hydrocotyle Vulgaris, or Pennywort, is a perennial ground cover herb. It has slender stems that root at the nodes, with single, nearly round or kidney-shaped leaves that are deeply divided into 3-5 segments, almost reaching the base.

These segments resemble broken copper coins, hence the name. The plant is either hairless or slightly hairy on the leaf back. It blooms from May to September and is an evergreen, hairless, perennial small herb.

Found in eastern and southern China, as well as in tropical and subtropical regions, it also grows in Vietnam. The Pennywort thrives in moist areas like roadsides, grasslands, and open fields. It reproduces asexually through stem propagation or sexually through seeds.

33. Hylocereus Undatus

Hylocereus Undatus

The Dragon Fruit, scientific name Hylocereus Undatus, has a taproot system underground and aerial roots that climb upwards on its above-ground stem. The stem, a deep green color and succulent, has three triangular ridges that undulate along their edges.

Each stem segment is 60-100 cm long, with the entire plant’s stem reaching 6-8 cm long. The plant’s flowers are exceptionally large, earning it the name “Dragon Fruit.” These funnel-shaped flowers are 25-30 cm long and 8-12 cm wide, with a yellow-green color.

The Dragon Fruit enjoys sunlight, tolerates drought and heat, but dislikes shade and cold. It grows best in temperatures between 25-30℃. Growth is inhibited when temperatures drop below 10℃, and cold damage occurs below 5℃.

The plant is highly resistant to diseases and pests, adaptable to various soil types, and can root and grow in limestone crevices, with a lifespan of over 40 years.

Originally native to Mexico, the Dragon Fruit is a perennial succulent vine plant of the cactus family. The primary edible part of the plant is the flower bud, which has cooling and lung-moisturizing properties and can aid in relieving coughs.

The dried flower buds make excellent vegetables, popular in both domestic and international markets. With its distinctive plant shape, beautiful and innovative flower color and shape, and long blooming period, it’s suitable for cultivation in suburban cities or tourist areas. It could be developed into “agritourism,” offering both medicinal and ornamental value.

The Spider Lily, scientific name Hymenocallis Littoralis, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Amaryllidaceae family. It has a tall, cylindrical, deep green stem; its leaves are small, lack petioles, and are elliptic-lanceolate. The relatively large flowers are polygonal, pale white, and smooth.

34. Hymenocallis Littoralis

Hymenocallis Littoralis

The Spider Lily, scientific name Hymenocallis Littoralis, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Amaryllidaceae family. It has a tall, cylindrical, deep green stem; its leaves are small, lack petioles, and are elliptic-lanceolate.

The relatively large flowers are polygonal, pale white, and smooth. The fruits are small, spherical with thin skin; seeds are small and deep brown. It flowers in late summer to early autumn.

The Spider Lily has stamens attached to the throat part, and a funnel-shaped corona beneath, resembling crab or spider legs, hence the name “Spider Lily.”

Originally native to the tropical Americas, the Spider Lily prefers sunlight, tolerates semi-shade, enjoys a warm and humid climate, dislikes cold, slightly tolerates drought, and prefers sandy or clayey soil rich in humus. It typically propagates by bulb division.

The Spider Lily has the properties of relaxing tendons, promoting blood circulation, reducing swelling and relieving pain. It is used to treat rheumatic joint pain, contusion, sores, hemorrhoids, and other ailments. With its robust and beautiful leaves and unique flowers, it is suitable for potted ornamental use.

35. Hypericum Monogynum

Hypericum Monogynum

Hypericum Monogynum, commonly known as St. John’s Wort, is a semi-evergreen small tree or shrub hailing from the Hypericaceae family. The plant has a perennial life cycle, with above ground parts wilting at the end of each growing season.

Its slender branches are highly divided, and its papery leaves, which are stalkless, opposed, and long elliptical, come to bloom in June and July. Its golden flowers, with their thin, bundled stamens shining like gold threads, are arranged in umbel inflorescences at the tops of the branches.

St. John’s Wort thrives in temperate climates and prefers moist, semi-shaded areas. As the plant is not very cold-resistant, it should be planted in sunny locations in northern regions. Before the onset of the cold wave in late autumn, soil should be mounded around the plant base to ensure its safe wintering. St. John’s Wort can also be used as a bonsai material.

Its fruit and roots have medicinal purposes. The fruit can serve as a substitute for Forsythia, while the root has the ability to dispel wind, stop coughs, promote lactation, regulate menses, nourish blood, and treat injuries from falls and blows.

36. Hypericum Patulum

Hypericum Patulum

Hypericum Patulum, known as Golden St. John’s Wort, is a bushy shrub from the Hypericaceae family. The entire plant is hairless, with grooved branches in brown or reddish-brown. Its single leaves are opposite, and the leaf blades are ovate, ovate-oblong, or lanceolate-oblong.

The flowers are clustered umbels or solitary, with broad ovate to round sepals that extend straight during the fruiting period. The petals are yellow or golden, broad ovate to oblong inverted egg-shaped or broad inverted egg-shaped, with light yellow anthers, an ovate ovary, and a column nearly the same length or slightly shorter than the ovary.

The capsule fruit is ovate, and the cylindrical seeds are dark brown. It blooms in May and June, and bears fruit in July and August.

Golden St. John’s Wort is native to China. It is commonly propagated by seeding, cutting, or dividing. The plant tastes bitter and spicy, and is cold in nature. It has the properties of clearing heat, benefiting dampness, detoxifying, smoothing the liver, and unblocking the meridians.

It can be used to treat symptoms such as damp-heat strangury, hepatitis, colds, tonsillitis, muscle and bone pain, and injuries from falls and blows. The flower language of Golden St. John’s Wort symbolizes sadness.

Leave a Comment