16 Flowers That Start With E

1. Echinacea Purpurea

Echinacea Purpurea

The Echinacea purpurea, also known as the Coneflower, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Asteraceae family. The entire plant is covered in coarse hair, with erect stems. Its leaves are robust, with basal leaves being ovate or triangular, and stem leaves being ovate-lanceolate.

The ray florets are purple-red, while the tubular florets are orange-yellow. It blooms from June to July, and is named “coneflower” due to its pine cone-like appearance.

Originally from North America, the Coneflower served as a traditional herbal remedy for the Native Americans and is now cultivated worldwide. It is somewhat cold-resistant and can tolerate poor soil, but it does not thrive in humid heat.

It prefers warm, sunny locations and is not particular about soil type, but favors fertile, deep, and organic-rich soil. Propagation methods include seeding and stem cutting.

Extracts from the Coneflower possess antifungal, antiviral, and antibacterial properties. They are widely used to treat colds, sore throats, cystitis, tonsillitis, skin ulcers, herpes, eczema, and psoriasis.

The Coneflower is also rich in Vitamin E and fatty oils. It can be planted as a background plant or used as a cut flower.

2. Echinopsis Tubiflora

Echinopsis Tubiflora

Echinopsis Tubiflora, commonly known as Easter Lily Cactus, belongs to the Cactaceae family. Originating in desert environments, this perennial succulent herb thrives in hot, arid climates. This cactus is highly ornamental and considered a hydroponic art masterpiece.

It has the ability to absorb electromagnetic radiation, acting as a natural air purifier and dust absorber. Native to South America, it generally grows in hot, dry, and fertile environments, including desert areas with little rainfall.

The flowers of the Easter Lily Cactus have medicinal properties, including promoting blood circulation, reducing swelling and pain, clearing heat and dampness, and promoting healing of wounds. They are used to treat coughs caused by lung heat, blood in phlegm, and burns.

Consuming these flowers can effectively treat liver cirrhosis and help prevent stomach diseases, duodenal ulcers, hypertension, and coronary heart disease.

3. Edgeworthia Chrysantha

Edgeworthia Chrysantha

Edgeworthia chrysantha, also known as Paperbush, is a plant from the Thymelaeaceae family. This shrub grows to about 0.7-1.5 meters tall, with thick, brown branches often splitting into a trident shape. Its young branches are often covered in short soft hair.

The bark is extremely tough, and leaf scars are large, with a diameter of about 5 millimeters. The leaves fall off before the flowers bloom, and they are elliptical, lanceolate to inverted lanceolate, with a short pointed tip and a wedge-shaped or gradually narrowed base.

The flowers are in a head shape, growing at the top or sides, with 30-50 flowers forming a fluffy spherical shape, surrounded by about 10 long-haired and early deciduous bracts.

The fruit is elliptical, green, about 8 millimeters long, and about 3.5 millimeters in diameter, with a hairy top. It blooms from late winter to early spring, and fruits from spring to summer.

It is found in China, Japan, Myanmar, Southeastern United States in Georgia, and Korea. It likes to grow in shady, moist, and fertile grounds.

Paperbush is a famous and excellent flower native to China, suitable for viewing flowers or leaves cultivation. It is also an important economic tree species, and its flowers, bark, branches, and roots all have high economic value.

Paperbush has high medicinal value, the whole plant can be used as medicine, having antibacterial, bacteriostatic and anti-inflammatory effects; the flowers can dispel wind and brighten the eyes; the roots and leaves can be used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, back pain, and trauma.

4. Eichhornia Crassipes

Eichhornia Crassipes

Eichhornia crassipes, also known as Water Hyacinth, is a floating perennial aquatic plant of the Pontederiaceae family.

The Water Hyacinth has an extremely short stem, with long creeping branches; the leaves are basal, arranged in a lotus-like manner, are wide ovate or broad rhombic, with a blunt or slightly pointed tip, and a broad wedge-shaped or shallow heart-shaped base when young.

The flower stem has edges, and the inflorescence is spike-shaped; the corolla is almost bilaterally symmetrical, with light purple edges; the capsule fruit is ovate; it blooms from July to October, and fruits from August to November.

Because the center has a deep blue patch, and the blue patch has a bright yellow eye spot, it looks like a peacock feather, hence the name Water Hyacinth.

The Water Hyacinth is originally from South America, but now it is widely distributed in the Yangtze River, the Yellow River basin, and various places in South China; it is found all over the world.

The Water Hyacinth has a strong ability to adapt to the environment, it can grow in ponds, ditches, and waterlogged fields, and it loves warm climates, sufficient sunlight, and prefers to live in shallow, still water. Water Hyacinth is usually propagated by division.

The Water Hyacinth has various values. The whole plant can be used as medicine, and it has the effects of clearing heat, detoxifying, removing dampness, and dispelling wind.

The Water Hyacinth has beautiful flowers, bright green and shiny leaves, and peculiar petiole air sacs, which have high ornamental value. The Water Hyacinth is an expert in purifying pollutants and can be used to treat domestic sewage and industrial wastewater.

5. Elaeocarpus Hainanensis

Elaeocarpus Hainanensis

The Elaeocarpus Hainanensis, commonly known as Water Stone Banyan, is a shrub species from the Elaeocarpaceae family.

It features a broad crown, hairless young branches, and leathery leaves that are narrowly inverted lanceolate or oblong, pointed at the tip and wedge-shaped at the base. Its leaves are hairless and densely covered with small blunt teeth.

The flower buds are leaf-like and stemless, oval-shaped, with lanceolate sepals and inverted ovate petals. The drupe is spindle-shaped with shallow grooves, and the seeds are 2cm long. It flowers in June and July.

The Water Stone Banyan is widespread in many parts of China, as well as Vietnam and Thailand. It prefers semi-shade, high temperatures, and a humid climate. It has deep roots and strong wind resistance, but it does not tolerate cold, drought, or waterlogging.

It thrives in moist, well-drained soil that is fertile and rich in organic matter. It is typically propagated through sowing and cutting.

The Water Stone Banyan has many dense branches, forming a conical crown. It has a long flowering period, and its pure white, elegant flowers make it a common woody flower.

It is suitable for planting on lawns, slopes, forest edges, courtyards, and intersections, and can also be used as a background tree for other flowering plants. It has a certain ornamental value.

6. Elaeocarpus Rugosus

Elaeocarpus Rugosus

The Elaeocarpus Rugosus, commonly known as Sharp Leaf Banyan, is a tree species from the Elaeocarpaceae family. It has sturdy, cylindrical twigs with obvious leaf scars and inflorescence stem scars.

The leaves are leathery or thin leathery, clustered at the top of the branch, and are inverted ovate lanceolate, violin-shaped, ovate to ovate elliptical.

The inflorescence is axillary, dense, and the flowers are large with about 8-10 flowers. The flower buds, flower stems, and inflorescence stems are densely covered with rust-colored velvet hair.

The drupe is ellipsoidal, the outer fruit skin is velvety, and the inner fruit skin surface has obvious tumorous protrusions. The kernel is flat with two obvious edges.

It is distributed in China, India, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Thailand, and the Malay Peninsula. It grows in the valleys and ravines of evergreen broad-leaved forests at altitudes of 500-800 meters.

It is listed as Vulnerable (VU) in the IUCN Red List of Endangered Species (IUCN 1998 ver 3.1).

7. Enkianthus Quinqueflorus

Enkianthus Quinqueflorus

The Enkianthus Quinqueflorus, a deciduous shrub or small tree from the Rhododendron family, is widely known as the Bellflower. It features hairless twigs and clustered leaves at the branch ends, which are leathery and come in shapes ranging from elliptical to inversely ovate-lanceolate.

Its umbel inflorescences are also hairless and droop downwards, with calyx lobes that are ovate-lanceolate or triangular-lanceolate in shape, and a wide bell-shaped corolla.

The loculicidal capsule is oval, with the fruit stalk standing upright. Blooming from January to June and bearing fruit from March to September, the plant derives its name from the way its delicate flower stalks hang down, each carrying a small flower like a bell.

The Bellflower is predominantly found across China and Vietnam, often thriving in warm, moist, sunny environments on the bush-covered slopes of mountains at altitudes of 600 to 2400 meters. It favors fertile soil rich in humus and good drainage.

Common propagation methods include sowing, cutting, and layering. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List of Threatened Species, the Bellflower is classified as Least Concern (LC).

The flowers of the Bellflower, when brewed with green tea, are believed to have beauty-enhancing and vision-improving properties, and can be used to treat symptoms caused by kidney deficiency, such as soreness in the waist and legs, and limb spasms.

As the Bellflower’s blossoms grow at the top of the branches, it symbolically represents high achievements in scholarly examinations, thus making it an auspicious symbol.

8. Enkianthus Serrulatus

Enkianthus Serrulatus

The Enkianthus Serrulatus, another variety of Bellflower, is also a deciduous shrub or small tree that grows to a height of 2.6 to 6 meters. Its branches are smooth and hairless, with densely clustered leaves at the branch ends that are thick, papery, and either oblong or ovate in shape.

Its umbel inflorescences grow at the top, each carrying 2 to 6 drooping flowers; the calyx is green with 5 triangular lobes, while the corolla is bell-shaped and white-green in color.

The ovaries are cylindrical, the loculicidal capsules are oval and turn yellow-brown when dry, and the seeds are thin with 2 membranous wings.

The Enkianthus Serrulatus blooms in April and bears fruit from May to July. It is found across several provinces in China, typically on mountain slopes at altitudes of 800 to 1800 meters.

9. Epiphyllum Oxypetalum

Epiphyllum Oxypetalum

Epiphyllum Oxypetalum, also known as Queen of the Night, is a parasitic succulent shrub from the cactus family. The plant stands 2 to 6 meters tall, with older stems taking on a cylindrical shape. Its petals and filaments are white, while its anthers are a light yellow.

The fruit is a purple-red oblong shape, containing numerous shiny black, egg-shaped kidney-like seeds. The plant tends to bloom twice a year, usually around 8:00 p.m., filling the air with its fragrance.

The blooms begin to wither after about four hours, thus it symbolizes fleeting beauty, an instant of eternity.

Native to Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Suriname, and Costa Rica, the Queen of the Night is now widely cultivated all over the world.

It thrives in warm, humid, semi-shaded environments, is frost-sensitive, and dislikes strong, direct sunlight. It can withstand low temperatures of about 5°C in winter and grows at altitudes of 1000-1200 meters.

The Queen of the Night has ornamental, edible, and medicinal value. Its leaves and flowers can be made into medicine, offering a sweet, moistening effect.

The flowers are used to treat tuberculosis and coughing due to lung heat, while the leaves are applied to contusions and swellings.

On April 28, 2009, it was listed in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as Least Concern (LC).

10. Erythrina Crista-Galli

Erythrina Crista-Galli

Erythrina Crista-Galli, also known as Cockspur Coral Tree, is a deciduous shrub or small tree in the bean family. Its stem and leaf stalks are slightly thorny, and its leaflets are lanceolate or elongated oval.

The flowers, which emerge with the leaves, form a terminal raceme and are deep red, with a bell-shaped calyx.

The ovary is stalked and finely pubescent; the fruit is brown; the seeds, which are constricted between, are large and shiny brown. The flowering period is from April to July. The tree gets its name from its unique cock’s comb-like flowers.

The Cockspur Coral Tree is native to Brazil in South America, but is also found in China, Peru, South Asia, and the Philippines in Southeast Asia.

It is a sun-loving species that tolerates light shade, is highly adaptable, robust, drought-resistant and tolerant of poor soils, and can also withstand salinity. Propagation is by cuttings.

With its elegant shape, sturdy, rustic trunk, and vibrant red flowers, the Cockspur Coral Tree offers high ornamental value.

11. Erythrina Variegata

Erythrina Variegata

Erythrina Variegata, also known as the Tiger’s Claw, is a tree species belonging to the bean family. Its bark is gray-brown; its branches feature cone-shaped black thorns; its leaf stems are hairless and thornless; its flowers are dense, growing in pairs.

The flower stalks are downy with a red corolla; the fruit is cylindrical and slightly curved; it flowers in March and fruits in August. Tiger’s Claw gets its name from the cone-shaped thorns interspersed along its branches.

Originally native to the coastal forests of India to Oceania, the Tiger’s Claw can also be found in Malaysia, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.

It is commonly seen next to trees or near coastal streams or planted in parks. It prefers a warm, humid, and well-lit environment, and is both drought and moisture resistant.

It is not particular about soil requirements but thrives best in fertile, well-drained sandy soil. It is not very cold-resistant. Propagation of the Tiger’s Claw is usually by cuttings.

The bark or root bark of the Tiger’s Claw is used in medicine for its bitter and pungent taste, neutral nature, wind dispelling, dampness removing, muscle relaxing, meridian dredging, insecticidal and itch relieving properties.

It has a strong ability to resist pollution and is effective in purifying the air. It can increase the concentration of negative ions in the air, improve air humidity, and reduce environmental temperature. Additionally, it can trap dust and reduce noise.

12, Eschscholzia Californica

Eschscholzia Californica

Eschscholzia Californica, commonly known as the California Poppy, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the poppy family.

It can grow up to 60cm high; the stem is ribbed with bifurcating branches; the basal leaves are gray-green, finely divided into three parts with linear leaflets; the stem leaves are similar to the basal leaves.

The flowers are solitary at the top of the stem, with a cup-shaped flower base, wavy edges, ovate sepals, triangular fan-shaped petals with orange-yellow spots at the base, filamentous stamens, linear anthers, short pistils and cylindrical column heads of varying lengths.

The capsule is narrow and elongated, the seeds are spherical with a reticulated pattern; it flowers from April to August and fruits from June to September.

The California Poppy is native to California, USA. It prefers a cool and dry climate, is intolerant of heat, but has strong cold resistance and loves sunlight. It has a fleshy taproot system and requires well-drained, deep, and loose soil. The common method of propagation is by seeds.

The sedative and anti-anxiety effects of the California Poppy extract may be related to the activation of benzodiazepine receptors, but unlike these drugs, the extract does not have anti-convulsant and muscle relaxant effects. The analgesic effect of the extract is peripheral rather than central.

13. Euphorbia Milii

Euphorbia Milii

Euphorbia Milii, a shrub-like succulent plant from the Euphorbiaceae family, stands about 1 meter tall. It has multiple branches that are cylindrical in shape, with brown conical thorns spirally arranged on the ridges.

Its leaves are inversely ovate and concentrated on young branches. Its symmetrical flowers are cup-shaped, yellow and red, and bloom all year round. It is named “Euphorbia Milii” because its flowers resemble those of the plum blossom.

Native to Madagascar, Africa, Euphorbia Milii prefers warm, dry, and sunny conditions, thriving best in fertile, loose, and well-drained sandy loam. Its primary propagation method is through cuttings.

Euphorbia Milii is bitter, cold in nature, and slightly toxic. It has detoxification, pus-clearing, blood-activating, water-expelling, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and blood circulation-boosting properties.

It contains various chemical components, including Euphorbol, Jatrophone, and others. Its flower language signifies stubbornness and fidelity, gentleness and loyalty, bravery, and elegance.

14. Euphorbia Pulcherrima Willd

Euphorbia Pulcherrima Willd

Euphorbia Pulcherrima Willd, from the Euphorbiaceae family, is an upright shrub. All parts of the plant contain white latex. The stem is smooth with branches.

Young branches are green and herbaceous, while old ones are pale brown and woody. The leaves are alternate, covered in soft hairs, and come in ovate, elliptical, or lanceolate shapes, tapering at the top and green in color.

Each inflorescence has only one stamen, with light green bracts and yellow glands. Beneath, there is a large, vibrant, red petal-like bract. The fruit is a large, oval, brown capsule.

The flowering period of Euphorbia Pulcherrima is from November to March. Robert Buist named this plant, and his surname eventually evolved into the English name for Euphorbia Pulcherrima.

Native to South America, Euphorbia Pulcherrima thrives in warm and humid climates. It is not frost-tolerant and fears frost. It is drought and flood-intolerant.

It enjoys sunlight and requires ample light. It is not picky about soil, but prefers well-drained, permeable, loose, and fertile sandy loam. Euphorbia Pulcherrima propagates through cuttings.

The whole plant of Euphorbia Pulcherrima is used medicinally. It is bitter and astringent in taste, and cool in nature.

It regulates menstruation, stops bleeding, mends bones, and reduces swelling. It is used to treat excessive menstruation, falls and injuries, external bleeding, and fractures.

15. Evening Primrose

Evening Primrose

The Evening Primrose is a plant in the Onagraceae family. It has a strong adaptability, can tolerate both acidic and dry conditions, and is not strict about soil requirements. It thrives best in neutral, slightly alkaline or slightly acidic soil, with good drainage and loose texture.

In overly moist soil conditions, the roots of the Evening Primrose are prone to disease. In the North, it’s an annual plant, but south of the Huai River, it’s biennial.

Evening Primrose oil is one of the most significant nutritional medications discovered this century.

It can treat a variety of diseases, regulate lipids in the blood, and has remarkable therapeutic effects on coronary thrombosis, atherosclerosis, and cerebral embolism caused by high cholesterol and hyperlipidemia.

16. Evolvulus Nuttallianus

Evolvulus Nuttallianus

The Evolvulus Nuttallianus, also known as the blue star flower, is a plant from the Convolvulaceae and Evolvulus family. It can grow up to 45 cm tall. The young branches are densely covered with white fluff, extending into a semi-vine or creeping form.

The leaves are alternate, oval in shape, with entire margins, and papery in texture, with the back densely covered with white fluff.

The flowers are axillary, with blue corolla and a white star-shaped center, and white star stripes on the back, presenting a fresh and refined appearance. It blooms all year round, with an emphasis on spring and summer.

The blue star flower is native to North America. As a sun-loving plant, it thrives in high temperature, humid, and sunny locations, with an optimal growing temperature between 22-30°C and daily sunlight exposure of 80-100%.

The plant grows densely with branches and leaves, showing strong vitality and resistance to heat, drought, and moisture, while being intolerant to shade.

With its small, brilliantly blue, and lovely flowers, it’s well-suited for planting in courtyards, parks, and scenic areas, along roadsides, in flower beds, or as ground cover. It also enhances the aesthetic of balconies and window sills.

The lush branches and leaves, combined with the elegant flower colors, resemble twinkling stars and add a unique touch.

It is suitable for planting in residential communities, campuses, courtyards, parks, office areas, and other places for greening and beautification, making it an excellent ornamental tree species.

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