16 Flowers That Start With B

1. Bauhinia Blakeana

Bauhinia  Blakeana

The Bauhinia Blakeana, also known as the Hong Kong Orchid Tree, belongs to the legume family and is a woody plant. It features sturdy branches; glossy, oval, leather-like leaves; and delicate, hairless leaf stalks. Its bracts, found in the umbel inflorescences, are lanceolate and pouch-shaped.

The flowers are slightly large and dense, with elliptical buds. The flower receptacle is cylindrical, slightly enlarged at the base, and the petals are long-stemmed.

The ovary is densely covered with red silky soft hairs. However, its fruit is unseen. It blooms from February to April. Its name, translating to “sheep’s hoof,” is derived from its hoof-like appearance.

Native to China, the Bauhinia Blakeana thrives in warm, humid, rainy climates with ample sunlight. It prefers deep, fertile, well-drained, slightly acidic loamy soil. It is adaptable and somewhat frost-tolerant. Its propagation is mainly through cutting and grafting.

Medicinally, the Bauhinia Blakeana has a neutral nature and bitter taste. It is used as a detoxifier and is commonly prescribed for menstrual cessation, stagnation, toothache, and injuries from falls or blows. Its seeds can be used to make pesticides, effective in pest control.

In Hong Kong and Taiwan, Bauhinia Blakeana is referred to as the “foreign Bauhinia,” and its image is featured on Hong Kong currency.

2. Bauhinia Purpurea

Bauhinia Purpurea

The Bauhinia Purpurea, another member of the legume family, is a woody or upright shrub. It has thick, nearly smooth bark that ranges from gray to dark brown. Its leaves are almost circular and somewhat papery to the touch.

The large, fragrant flowers are purple-red or light red. The pod-like fruit is strap-shaped, flat, slightly curved like a sickle, and splits open when mature.

The woody valves twist, catapulting the seeds. The seeds are nearly circular, flat, and dark brown. It blooms from September to November and bears fruit from February to March.

Native to Hong Kong, Bauhinia Purpurea is also found in the Indochinese Peninsula and Sri Lanka. It often grows on mountains or cliffs at altitudes of 400 to 2000 meters.

It prefers sunlight and warm, humid climates, tolerates drought, but is frost-sensitive. It grows rapidly in moist, fertile, well-drained acidic soil. Its propagation is mainly through seeds.

Bauhinia Purpurea has a cooling and detoxifying effect, useful for burns and painful sores.

Its roots and bark can strengthen the spleen, dry dampness, reduce swelling and relieve pain, making it a choice treatment for poor digestion due to spleen dampness, acute gastroenteritis, coughing up blood, joint pain, and injuries from falls or blows.

3. Begonia Tuberhybrida Voss

Begonia Tuberhybrida Voss

The Begonia Tuberhybrida Voss, or Tuberous Begonia, is a perennial evergreen herb from the Begonia family. It typically grows between 20-60 centimeters in height and features an irregularly shaped, semi-circular tuber surrounded by net-like roots.

The above-ground stems are fleshy with multiple branches, and the leaves are irregularly heart-shaped, with a sharp tip, skewed base, and serrated edges.

The plant is monoecious, with each umbel typically blooming three flowers. The flowers, which are 10-15 cm in diameter, come in a variety of colors and can be single, semi-double, or double blooms.

The edges of the petals can be filamentous, rippled, or comb-shaped. Flowering lasts a long time, from May until the end of November, with each flower blooming for 10-15 days. The fruit is a three-angled capsule with three wings.

Native to several South American countries such as Peru and Brazil, the Tuberous Begonia can grow naturally in mountains up to 3000 meters high.

It prefers warm, humid, semi-shaded environments, and grows best in temperatures between 16-21°C. The ideal soil for this plant is loose, fertile, and slightly acidic.

Used as a potted plant in living rooms, display windows, and window sills, the Tuberous Begonia’s vibrant colors and charming beauty are certainly eye-catching.

Whether arranged in flower beds, landscapes, or entrances, it adds an extraordinary allure. When hung in baskets in halls, balconies, or corridors, its lush, bright colors are truly radiant.

4. Belamcanda Chinensis

Belamcanda Chinensis

Belamcanda Chinensis, commonly known as Blackberry Lily, is a perennial herb from the Iris family. Its rhizome is irregularly block-shaped and slanting yellow or yellow-brown. Its flowers are orange-red with scattered purple-brown spots.

The anthers are strip-shaped; the ovary is inferior and oval-shaped; the capsule is oval-shaped or long elliptical; the seeds are spherical, black-purple, and glossy. The flowering period is from June to August, and the fruiting period is from July to September.

The Blackberry Lily is widely distributed across China and can also be found in North Korea, Japan, India, and Vietnam. It enjoys warmth and sunlight, is drought and cold resistant, and does not require specific soil conditions.

It can be cultivated on slopes and in arid areas, but thrives best in fertile, loose, well-drained sandy loam soil on higher ground. It can tolerate neutral loam or slightly alkaline soils but dislikes low-lying and saline-alkali soils. Propagation can be done through seeds or rhizomes.

The Blackberry Lily has significant medicinal value with properties that clear heat, detoxify, reduce phlegm, and soothe the throat. It can be used to treat tonsillitis and back pain. Its flower language symbolizes honesty and the happiness of believers.

5. Bellis Perennis

Bellis Perennis

The Daisy, scientifically known as Bellis Perennis, is a perennial or annual herbaceous plant of the Asteraceae family. Standing about 10 cm tall, it has spoon-shaped leaves with rounded tips, the upper half of which have sparse blunt or wavy teeth.

The flowers are either hemispherical or broad bell-shaped, with one layer of ray florets and numerous disk florets. Its flat, ovate seeds have veins but lack pappus. The blooming period is from March to June.

The name “Daisy” relates to its form, as the flowers are smaller than typical chrysanthemums, resembling undeveloped ones, hence the name.

Originally from Europe and the national flower of Italy, the Daisy thrives in cold climates and wilts under hot conditions. It prefers ample sunlight and does not tolerate shade.

Daisies are typically propagated by seeding, but division is also possible. Both spring and autumn are suitable planting seasons, but autumn planting yields better results.

The leaves of the Daisy can be used to stop bleeding and reduce swelling, primarily treating traumatic bleeding. The inflorescences are used to eliminate phlegm and suppress cough, primarily treating coughs with excessive phlegm.

Its extract inhibits melanin production, whitening the skin. It is therefore a natural beauty product. The Daisy is also valued for its ornamental appeal. It can absorb harmful gases emitted by household appliances and plastic products, providing significant air purification.

The Daisy stands for innocence, pure beauty, and deep-seated love, making it popular in Western literature. Shakespeare referenced it in “Hamlet.”

6. Berberis Thunbergii

Berberis Thunbergii

The Japanese Barberry, scientifically known as Berberis Thunbergii, is a deciduous shrub of the Berberidaceae family. Its old branches are yellow or gray with slight ridges.

Its leaves are paper-like, ovate-elliptic, elliptic or ovate, with inconspicuous veins and a light green underside, with no gloss. The racemes are glabrous, the flowers are yellow, the outer sepals are ovate, and the petals are elliptical.

The fruit is an elongated berry, red, with no persistent style at the tip. The blooming period is from April to May, and the fruiting period is from August to September.

The Japanese Barberry is mainly found in Heilongjiang, Shandong, Henan, Shaanxi, and Gansu in China, as well as in Japan, Korea, and Russia. It prefers light but can tolerate shade.

It likes a cool, moist climate, is cold-resistant, somewhat drought-resistant, and dislikes waterlogged soils. It has no strict soil requirements, but grows best in fertile, well-drained loamy soil.

It has strong budding power, tolerates pruning, and often grows in shrublands at altitudes of 1,100-2,850 meters, valleys, forest edges, or next to rocks. It is usually propagated by seeding or division.

The roots and stems of the Japanese Barberry can be used medicinally. They are bitter, cold-natured, have the effect of clearing heat and dampness, reducing fire, and detoxifying.

They are mainly used to treat acute enteritis, dysentery, jaundice, cirrhosis and ascites, gonorrhea, pneumonia, sore throat, oral ulcer, carbuncle, mastitis, erysipelas, rheumatism, eczema, and burn injuries. Its spring blossoms and autumn fruits make it highly ornamental.

Its seeds can be pressed for oil for industrial use, and it also helps to conserve soil and water.

7. Bianliang’S Verdant Splendor

Bianliang'S Verdant Splendor

Bianliang’s Verdant Splendor is a chrysanthemum variety, characterized by its green hue with tints of greenish-white. When it first blooms, the color is richer. It has slender tubular petals, spoon-tubular, and flat spoon-shaped petals.

The tips of the tubular petals have a spoon-shaped hook and a spoon-shaped split. Some of these hooks gradually split into either spoon-tubular or flat spoon-shaped petals.

The base of the petals is a deeper green, fading like a gradient to a lighter greenish-white or white towards the tips. The petals have subtle grooves and are hook-looped in shape.

This medium to large bloom has a diameter of 16-18 centimeters and a slight heart shape at its full bloom center. The leaves are regular in size, a bit dark, thin in texture, and have serrated edges.

The leaves are medium-sized with stems and have stipules at the base. The stem is purple-brown, somewhat slender, and of medium height. It blooms in the middle of the season. This chrysanthemum is precious and rare, an exhibition of rare varieties.

It has a slightly weak growth habit, and the leaves require meticulous care. Cultivation requires detailed management techniques and is suitable for individual, triple, multiple, or grafted cultivation.

8. Bletilla Striata

Bletilla Striata

Bletilla Striata, also known as white orchid, belongs to the Orchidaceae family and is a perennial herbaceous plant with bulbs. The plant stands tall with robust, straight stems.

The leaves are lanceolate or broadly lanceolate, tapering at the tip, with smooth or nearly smooth edges. The floral bracts are oblong-lanceolate and mostly fall off when the flower blooms.

The flowers are large and come in shades of purple-red or pink. They bloom between April and May.

Bletilla Striata is native to China but is also found on the Korean Peninsula and in Japan. It grows in evergreen broad-leaved forests at elevations between 100 and 3200 meters, along roadsides, grassy patches, or in crevices of rocks.

The plant is moderately cold-tolerant, prefers shade, and avoids direct strong sunlight. It thrives in warm, moist conditions.

Due to the significant benefits of Bletilla Striata, there has been indiscriminate harvesting, leading to the depletion of its wild resources and subsequently driving up its price.

Bletilla Striata has a bitter, sweet, and astringent taste, with a slightly cold nature. It is known for its astringent, hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, and tissue regenerative properties.

Apart from its medicinal uses, Bletilla Striata is also utilized in cosmetics, industrial adhesives, the food industry, and for ornamental gardening.

9. Bombax Ceiba

Bombax Ceiba

Bombax Ceiba, also known as the Silk Cotton Tree, is a deciduous tree from the Malvaceae family. Standing tall at 25 meters, its bark is ash-white.

Young trees typically have conical thick thorns on their trunks and spread out branches. The leaves are palmate, and the flowers, usually red but sometimes orange-red, emerge singularly from the top leaf axils with fleshy petals.

In arid regions, the tree flowers before the leaves appear. However, in monsoon or rainforest climates, flowers and leaves can coexist. Its fruit is elongated, densely covered with grayish-white long soft hairs and star-shaped hairs.

The numerous seeds are smooth and ovate. It flowers between March and April, with the fruit maturing in summer. When the Silk Cotton Tree blooms, it looks like exuberant, joyous flames, traditionally seen as a symbol of heroism by many.

Originally from China’s subtropical provinces, the tree is also found in India, Sri Lanka, the Indochina Peninsula, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and northern Australia.

It thrives in arid river valleys and sparsely wooded grasslands up to altitudes of 1400-1700 meters and can also grow in monsoon forests in valleys.

Parts of the tree, including the flowers, root bark, and tree bark, have medicinal value. The flowers are edible, and the soft hairs inside the fruit, as well as the seed oil, are of economic importance and ecological value.

On September 21, 2018, the Bombax Ceiba was listed in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as Least Concern (LC).

10. Borago Officinalis

Borago Officinalis

Borago Officinalis, commonly known as Borage, is an annual aromatic herb from the Boraginaceae family. The entire plant is densely covered with rough hair and grows between 60-100 centimeters in height.

Its stem is straight, hollow, and nearly round. Leaves are alternate and ovate. The flowers, arranged in a corymb, are deep blue with a cucumber-like scent.

The corolla has five petals, and both male and female parts are in the same flower, with five bright yellow stamens. Each flower produces 1-4 seeds, which are black and oblong, resembling tiny nuts.

Borage is native to the temperate areas of the Eastern Mediterranean and Western Asia. It’s widely cultivated in Europe and North America.

The plant prefers a cool and temperate climate, is cold-resistant, and can withstand temperatures as low as -11°C. It is also heat-tolerant and can grow normally in temperatures ranging from 5-30°C. It thrives best in deep, loose, fertile sandy loam soil.

Borage is a multifunctional aromatic plant, known for its culinary, medicinal, ornamental, cosmetic, and health benefits.

11. Bougainvillea Glabra

Bougainvillea Glabra

Bougainvillea Glabra, commonly known as the Paper Flower, belongs to the Nyctaginaceae family. It is a woody plant with sturdy stems that tend to drape or hang. Its branches are either hairless or sparsely covered with soft hair.

The leaves are papery in texture, oval or ovate-lanceolate in shape. The flowers can be purple or magenta, with petals that are long-circular or elliptical.

The fruit is covered in soft hair. This plant typically blooms during winter and spring, and in northern greenhouses, flowers appear between January and March.

The name (translated as “triangular plum”) is derived from two reasons: firstly, its flowers typically have three petals, and secondly, each individual petal is triangular in shape.

Originally from Brazil, Bougainvillea Glabra thrives in humid conditions but is sensitive to waterlogging. It is tolerant to high temperatures and drought but cannot withstand freezing temperatures.

It prefers fertile soil but is also resilient to poorer conditions. It can grow in slightly acidic or slightly alkaline soils. Loose soil rich in organic matter is beneficial for its growth. The primary method of propagating this plant is through cuttings.

The flowers of the Bougainvillea Glabra have medicinal value. They are known to regulate blood and Qi, treat vaginal discharge, and adjust menstruation.

Bougainvillea Glabra is widely regarded for its ornamental value.

The symbolic meaning or “flower language” of this plant represents passion, perseverance, and tenacity. Another interpretation of its symbolism is “the sorrow of lacking true love.”

12. Bougainvillea Spectabilis

Bougainvillea Spectabilis

Bougainvillea Spectabilis,” known as the Great Bougainvillea, is also part of the Nyctaginaceae family. It’s a vine-like shrub, with branches and leaves densely covered with soft hair.

There are downward-bending thorns in its axils. The leaves are elliptical or ovate with a rounded base. Flowers emerge either from the axils or top, surrounded by bracts that are ovate and round or heart-shaped at the base.

These bracts are either dark red or light purple-red, while the actual flower is tubular and green with yellow segments.

Native to tropical America, the Great Bougainvillea prefers ample sunlight and a warm, moist climate. It’s a hardy plant that loves sunlight, can withstand cold temperatures, thrives in fertile conditions, and enjoys water. Its soil requirements aren’t strict. Propagation is mainly done through cuttings.

Cultivation involves introducing the plant to a new region. It flourishes in loose, fertile sandy soil and requires direct sunlight. After its flowering period, dense branches should be pruned.

The Great Bougainvillea is highly prized for its ornamental value. It also has medicinal properties, where the leaves can be used to reduce swelling, stimulate blood flow, adjust menstruation, and provide anti-inflammatory benefits.

However, its stem is toxic. The symbolic meaning or “flower language” of this plant also represents passion, perseverance, and tenacity.

13. Brassica Campestris

Brassica Campestris

The Rape Blossom, scientifically known as Brassica Campestris, originates from Europe and Central Asia. It is an annual herbaceous plant from the cruciferous family.

The plant grows upright and clustered, with green stems and yellow flowers. The basal leaves grow in a spiral fashion, while the stem leaves typically grow alternately without stipules.

The flower is bisexual and radially symmetrical, with four petals arranged in a cross shape. These petals are thin, delicate, and reminiscent of fine rice paper in their texture, showcasing a soft yellow hue. The flowering period for Rape Blossom can last up to 30 days.

Rape Blossoms contain abundant pollen. Their seeds have an oil content ranging from 35% to 50%, making them suitable for oil extraction or as animal feed.

Additionally, the tender stems and leaves can be consumed as vegetables. Rape Blossom is the primary source of edible vegetable oil in China.

Juice made from Rape Blossom is believed to have medicinal properties that can help prevent hypertension, anemia, and the common cold.

14. Brunfelsia Latifolia

Brunfelsia Latifolia

The Yesterday-Today-and-Tomorrow plant, scientifically named Brunfelsia Latifolia, is an evergreen shrub from the Solanaceae family, reaching up to 1 meter in height. Its stem has a deep brown bark with robust branching. The leaves are alternate and paper-like in texture.

Flowers grow in clusters with an umbellate arrangement, having a five-lobed corolla with serrated petals. When in bud, they appear mushroom-shaped with a deep purple color, and they emit a strong fragrance. The flowering period spans from April to October.

This plant’s flowers are fragrant, alternating between white and either purple or pale red. The presence of two-colored flowers blooming simultaneously on a branch led to its common name, “Yesterday-Today-and-Tomorrow.”

The Yesterday-Today-and-Tomorrow plant is native to the tropical regions of Central and South America. It thrives in well-lit, warm environments and is drought and semi-shade tolerant.

However, it cannot withstand cold, flooding, or infertile soil. It prefers fertile, loose, well-draining, slightly acidic soil. The primary propagation methods are cuttings and layering.

The leaves of the Yesterday-Today-and-Tomorrow plant are used in traditional medicine. They possess a sweet, neutral flavor and are believed to cool and reduce swelling.

When applied externally, they can treat boils and infections. The flowers can also be used to extract fragrances. This plant is the national flower of Paraguay, and its symbolic meaning translates to “Love Me.”

15. Buddleja Lindleyana

Buddleja Lindleyana

The Forsythia Suspensa, also known as Buddleja Lindleyana, is a shrub from the Scrophulariaceae family. It has a brown stem bark, and its twigs are quadrangular with slight wings on the ridges. The petioles of its leaves are densely covered with stellate short tomentum and glandular hairs.

The leaf blades can be ovate, elliptical, or lanceolate. Its capsules are either elongated or oval-shaped, hairless with scales. The flowering period is from April to October, and the fruiting period is from August to the following April.

When its flowers and leaves are crushed and thrown into the water, fish that consume them float to the surface, appearing intoxicated, making them easy to catch; hence its name, which translates to “Intoxicating Fish Plant.”

Forsythia Suspensa is native to China and grows alongside mountains, roadsides, and riversides, at altitudes ranging from 200 to 2700 meters. It also thrives in shrublands and forest edges. The plant has been cultivated in Malaysia, Japan, the Americas, and Africa.

It enjoys sunlight and prefers dry conditions with good drainage. The plant has strong sprouting capabilities, is pruning-tolerant, and can withstand cold, drought, infertile soil, and minimal care.

Propagation methods include seeding, cuttings, and division. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species, it is categorized as Least Concern (LC).

Medicinally, the stem and leaves of the Forsythia Suspensa are spicy and bitter with a warm nature. They are toxic but are known to expel wind, detoxify, deworm, and treat osteoporosis. Its flowers and leaves contain various flavonoids, including buddlejoside, salicin, and robinin.

The entire plant can be used as a pesticide, particularly against aphids in wheat, moth larvae, and mosquito larvae. With its fragrant and beautiful flowers, it’s a popular ornamental plant in parks.

16. Buddleja Officinalis 密蒙花

Buddleja Officinalis

The Buddleja Officinalis, also belonging to the Scrophulariaceae family, is a shrub that can reach up to 4 meters in height. Its twigs are densely covered with gray-white stellate hairs.

The leaves are either narrowly elliptical, ovate, or lanceolate, with a pointed tip and a wedge-shaped base, sporadically bearing serrated edges. Its flowers cluster into conical umbel inflorescences, with both the calyx and corolla densely covered in stellate hairs.

The corolla can be white or light purple in color. The fruit is an oval capsule covered with stellate hairs, and its seeds have wings on both ends. The flowering period spans from March to April, while the fruiting period is from May to August.

Buddleja Officinalis is found in multiple provinces in China, as well as in Bhutan, Myanmar, and Vietnam. It prefers sunlit limestone slopes and thrives in fertile, well-draining sandy loam.

Like the Forsythia Suspensa, it is also categorized as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List. The primary method of propagation is through seeds.

In traditional medicine, the Buddleja Officinalis has a sweet taste and a slightly cold nature, associated with the liver meridian.

The dried flowers have the properties of clearing heat, promoting diuresis, and improving vision. Its roots can clear heat and detoxify, while in veterinary medicine, its branches and leaves are used to treat dysentery in cattle and horses.

The plant contains buddlejoside, which can be hydrolyzed for medicinal use. It can also be used to extract aromatic oils and can serve as a yellow food dye. Its stem bark fibers are strong and can be used as raw material for papermaking.

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