22 Flowers That Start With D

1. Dahlia Pinnata

Dahlia Pinnata

The Dahlia Pinnata is a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the Asteraceae family. It has an erect stem, is heavily branched, and is robust.

The leaves are pinnately compound, with leaflets that are ovate or oblong-ovate and grey-green in color. Its flowers are large, often drooping, with a long peduncle.

The ray flowers can be white, red, or purple, usually ovate in shape, and it blooms from June to December. Its fruits are oblong, black, flat, and are produced mainly from September to October.

The Dahlia Pinnata, originally from Mexico, is one of the world’s renowned flowers. It loves sunlight but is averse to drought and waterlogging. It thrives in loose, fertile soil with good drainage.

The plant is adaptable to different climates and soil types, has few pests and diseases, is easy to manage, and tolerates semi-shade. The primary methods of propagation are through root division and cuttings.

The symbolic meanings of Dahlia Pinnata flowers include good fortune, gratitude, novelty, and freshness. Its vibrant appearance symbolizes generosity, opulence, and great luck.

It is the national flower of Mexico and the city flower of Seattle. Suitable for flower beds and borders, there are also dwarf varieties suitable for pot cultivation.

Known for its long flowering period, abundant blooms, and large flowers, the roots of Dahlia Pinnata contain inulin, which in medicine has the same effects as glucose.

2. Daphne Odora

Daphne Odora

The Daphne Odora, commonly known as Winter Daphne, belongs to the Thymelaeaceae family. It is an evergreen upright shrub. Its branches are robust, usually bifurcated, and the young twigs are cylindrical in shape, purplish-red, or purple-brown and hairless.

The leaves are alternate, papery, elongated oval, or inverted egg-shaped elliptical. The external part of the flower is light purple-red while the internal part is flesh-red, and it is hairless. The fruit is red. Its flowering period is from March to May, while its fruiting period is from July to August.

Daphne Odora was originally found in regions south of the Yangtze River in China, and it was later introduced to Japan.

The plant prefers diffused light and is averse to direct sunlight, especially in the hot summer, requiring shading. It thrives in loose, fertile, and well-draining acidic soil with a pH of 6-6.5, and alkaline soil should be avoided.

The Daphne Odora is not just a beautiful ornamental plant but also has various economic values. Its roots have medicinal properties and are known to invigorate the blood, dissipate blood stasis, and relieve pain. Its flowers can be used to extract aromatic oils, and the bark fiber can be used for papermaking.

3. Daphne Odora “Aureomarginata”

Daphne Odora "Aureomarginata”

Daphne Odora “Aureomarginata”, often referred to as the ‘Variegated Winter Daphne’, is globally renowned. In modern horticultural history, it stands alongside the Torenia and Japanese Five-Needle Pine as the three esteemed treasures of gardening.

The ‘Aureomarginata’ is a variegated variant of the Daphne Odora and belongs to the Thymelaeaceae family. It is an evergreen shrub.

This variant is known for its fleshy root system and densely arranged elliptical leaves that measure around 5-6 cm in length and 2-3 cm in width.

The leaves are glossy, thick, and leathery, hairless on both sides. The upper surface is dark green, while the underside is pale green, and they have a distinctive gold-yellow margin.

The flowers are borne in terminal clusters, have a tubular calyx that splits into four at the top, and measure about 1.5 cm in diameter.

Each flower cluster consists of dozens of smaller flowers that open from the outside in. The flowering period lasts over two months, peaking around the time of the Lunar New Year. These flowers are vibrant purple-red and emit a rich fragrance.

4. Datura Stramonium

Datura Stramonium

Datura Stramonium, commonly known as Jimsonweed or Devil’s Snare, is a tropical annual herbaceous plant from the Solanaceae family. Its leaves are broadly ovate with irregular wavy shallow toothed margins.

The flowers are solitary, borne between branches or in the leaf axils, upright with a short stalk. The calyx is tubular with triangular segments, colored either white or pale purple.

The fruit is a capsule, ovoid in shape, and pale yellow. The flowering period of Datura Stramonium is from June to October.

This plant is widespread across all major continents. Datura Stramonium is highly adaptable, preferring warm, moist, and sun-facing environments. It is intolerant to waterlogging.

As for soil requirements, it isn’t very demanding and can thrive in average soil, but it does best in soil rich in organic matter and lime content. Reproduction is generally through seeds, but cuttings can also be used.

Datura Stramonium is toxic throughout its entire structure. It contains scopolamine, which has antispasmodic, sedative, analgesic, and anesthetic properties.

Extracts from Datura Stramonium have shown promising effects in treating heart failure, ventricular arrhythmias, angina pectoris, and critical hypertension.

The flower symbolism of Datura Stramonium is quite complex: black represents both love and revenge, purple signifies terror, green embodies the everlasting hope, and gold denotes happiness.

5. Dehua Eighteen Scholars Camellia

Dehua Eighteen Scholars Camellia

Dehua Eighteen Scholars Camellia is a treasured variety among camellias. It has an elegant tree shape and an exceptionally structured flower.

The flower consists of 70-130 petals that form a hexagonal corolla. It has a tower-like, distinct layered arrangement, orderly and aesthetically pleasing.

Adjacent petals form around 20 layers, often 18 layers, which is why it’s called “Eighteen Scholars”. It’s a gem among camellias and is deeply cherished by people.

6. Delonix Regia

Delonix Regia

Delonix Regia, commonly known as the Flame Tree or Royal Poinciana, belongs to the legume family and is a tall deciduous tree.

The plant is grand in stature with rough, gray-brown bark. The crown is flat-rounded with many spreading branches. Its leaves are bipinnately compound, and its leaflets are hair-covered on both sides.

The flowers are large and stunning, ranging from bright red to orange-red, borne in racemose or corymbose inflorescences.

The fruit is a flat, elongated pod that turns black-brown upon maturation. Seeds are transversely oblong, smooth, hard, and yellow with brown specks. It flowers from May to July and fruits from August to October.

Delonix Regia is native to Madagascar. The tree grows rapidly, loves warmth and sunlight, and has shallow yet well-developed roots. It’s wind-resistant and can withstand air pollution. It’s drought-tolerant and can grow in impoverished conditions.

Ideally, it prefers deep, fertile, organic-rich sandy loam soil. It is sensitive to waterlogging, thus requiring good drainage. It’s commonly cultivated in city parks, yards, and along roads. Propagation is mainly through seeds.

The bark of the Flame Tree has medicinal properties: it can reduce fever and treat dizziness and restlessness.

The roots can alleviate rheumatic pain. An extract from the flowers can exterminate roundworms. The seeds are toxic and should not be consumed. Its roots have nitrogen-fixing nodules, reducing the need for fertilization.

Delonix Regia is the national tree of the Republic of Madagascar. Together with the Flame Vine and Kapok tree, they are often referred to as the “Three Flames of the Tropics”.

7. Delphinium Anthriscifolium

Delphinium Anthriscifolium

The Delphinium Anthriscifolium, commonly known as the Bright Grass, is an annual herbaceous plant belonging to the Ranunculaceae family and Delphinium genus. It has a tall stem with a taproot.

The leaves are pinnately compound, shaped like a rhomboid-ovate or triangular-ovate, and are petiolate. Its inflorescence is racemose, and both the rachis and pedicels are covered with short soft hairs. The petal tips are broad. Its seeds are spherical, and it blooms in the spring.

The Bright Grass is native to China. It grows on slopes, in mixed forests in mountain valleys, or amongst grasses.

This plant loves sunlight, tolerates semi-shade, prefers cool climates, is intolerant to heat, frost-hardy, dislikes moisture, and is relatively drought-resistant. It’s not very particular about soil type. Propagation is through seeds and cuttings.

Its unique and bright-colored flowers make the Bright Grass an excellent ground cover for parks, courtyards, and other green spaces alongside roads. It’s also suitable for flower beds and floral displays.

8. Delphinium Grandiflorum

Delphinium Grandiflorum

The Delphinium Grandiflorum, commonly referred to as Larkspur, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Ranunculaceae family and Delphinium genus.

The stem can grow up to 65 centimeters in height. Its basal and lower stem leaves have long stalks, and are pentagonal, sparsely covered in short soft hairs or nearly glabrous.

The sepals are purple-blue, either elliptical or broad elliptical. The seeds have wings along their edges. It blooms between May and October. Due to its blue flowers resembling birds in flight, it’s named Larkspur.

Larkspur is native to southern Europe but is mainly found in China’s Yunnan, Sichuan, and Shanxi provinces. It’s also found in Russia and Mongolia.

Larkspur is frost-hardy, sensitive to extreme heat and waterlogging, enjoys sunlight, and thrives in deep, fertile sandy loam soil. It typically grows on mountain grassy slopes or sandy hills. Propagation is usually through seeds, cuttings, or splitting.

Larkspur has a bitter taste, warm nature, and is highly toxic, with pesticidal properties. Its tuberous root has medicinal properties, offering heat-clearing, detoxifying, swelling-reducing, pain-relieving, and diuretic effects.

It’s mainly used to treat mastitis, tonsillitis, urinary difficulties, and more. The entire plant can also serve as a natural pesticide. The flower symbolizes tranquility, lightness, justice, and freedom. It’s suitable for flower beds, floral landscapes, and as cut flowers.

9. Dendranthema Morifolium

Dendranthema Morifolium

The Dendranthema Morifolium, also known as Ink Chrysanthemum, is one of the chrysanthemum varieties from China. It’s a perennial herbaceous plant that grows between 60-150 centimeters in height.

Its stem stands upright, with some either branching or remaining unbranched, and is covered in soft hairs. The leaves are ovate to lanceolate, measuring 5-15 centimeters in length, and are either shallowly pinnate or semi-divided, featuring a short stalk.

The underside of the leaves is covered in white, soft hairs. The head-shaped flowers have diameters ranging from 2.5 to 20 centimeters, varying in size. The outer layer of the multiple-layered involucre is soft-haired.

The initial flowering phase exhibits a lotus-like shape, while its prime blooming period reveals petals that are rolled backwards. These petals are thin, translucent black with a red hue, glossy, and have a velvet sheen, with the flower’s center featuring tubular blooms.

10. Dendrobium Aphyllum

Dendrobium Aphyllum

The Dendrobium Aphyllum, commonly known as Hooded-Lip Dendrobium, is a perennial epiphytic herbaceous plant from the Orchidaceae family and Dendrobium genus.

Its stem is pendulous and slender cylindrical in shape. The leaves are papery, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, and the base encompasses a papery sheath.

Sepals and petals are white, with the upper part lightly tinged in purplish-red or pale red. The petals are oval-shaped, featuring purplish-red stripes on both sides at the base, pale yellow on the upper part, pale pink on the lower part, and have finely toothed edges covered in hairs on both sides.

It blooms from March to April and bears fruit between June and July. Named for its rock-attached growth habit, its large flowers with a pale yellow lip, and a stem with a short claw that resembles a pouch shape.

The Hooded-Lip Dendrobium is found in China and extends to the Indo-China Peninsula, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, India, and Malaysia. This orchid prefers warm, moist, and shady environments.

It thrives best when attached to moss-covered cliff crevices or on the bark of pine trees with multiple grooves. Propagation methods for the Hooded-Lip Dendrobium include cuttings and division.

The Hooded-Lip Dendrobium offers medicinal benefits such as nourishing yin, benefiting the stomach, promoting fluid production, quenching thirst, and clearing heat.

Additionally, due to its peculiar flower shape, vibrant color, and trumpet-shaped lip, it has significant ornamental value. The Hooded-Lip Dendrobium is included in the “Red List of China’s Biodiversity – Higher Plants” and is categorized as Vulnerable (VU).

11. Dendrobium Goldschmidtianum

Dendrobium Goldschmidtianum

The Dendrobium Goldschmidtianum, often referred to as the Red Flower Dendrobium, has stems that stand upright or hang pendulously.

These cylindrical stems sometimes swell in the middle, adopting a spindle shape. They narrow at the base, do not branch, and have multiple nodes. Its leaves are thin and leather-like, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate.

The flowers, which are a bright red and do not open wide, emerge from old stems that have lost their leaves. They are densely clustered, with 6-10 flowers in each cluster. The petals of the flowers are obliquely ovate-elongate, almost the same length as the sepals but slightly narrower.

The lip of the flower is spoon-shaped, measuring between 1.5-2.2 cm in length and 7-8.5 mm in width. This orchid blooms sporadically between March and November.

It can be found at elevations between 200-400 meters and is native to Taiwan, China, and the Philippines. This flower is cultivated and holds significant horticultural value.

12. Dendrobium Nobile

Dendrobium Nobile

Dendrobium Nobile, commonly known as Noble Dendrobium, belongs to the Orchidaceae family and the Dendrobium genus. Its stems are upright and fleshy, slightly flattened and cylindrical, ranging from 10-60 cm in length and up to 1.3 cm in thickness.

These stems feature multiple nodes and may sometimes swell at the nodes. The leaves are leather-like and elliptical, measuring between 6-11 cm in length and 1-3 cm in width.

The flowers, which can be large and are white with pale purple tips (sometimes entirely pale purplish-red or white with a purplish-red patch on the lip), emerge from old stems, whether leaf-bearing or not, and are 2-4 cm in length, bearing 1-4 blooms. It flowers from May to June, with the fruiting period spanning July to August.

The Noble Dendrobium is distributed across India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, and China. It thrives in warm, humid, semi-shady environments, often growing on tree trunks in mountainous forests between elevations of 480-1700 meters or on rocks in valleys.

Dendrobium Nobile is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine. It contains various chemical constituents, including alkaloids, polysaccharides, flavonoids, and phenols.

Alkaloids are its primary pharmacologically active ingredient. This orchid has numerous medicinal properties, such as reducing blood sugar levels, improving memory, protecting nerves, resisting cataracts, and anti-tumor actions.

In addition to its medicinal value, Dendrobium Nobile is also highly regarded for its ornamental appeal.

13. Dendrophylax Lindenii

Dendrophylax Lindenii

Dendrophylax Lindenii (Ghost Orchid): This orchid belongs to the Orchidaceae family and the Dendrophylax genus.

It mainly inhabits forested swamps and often grows on the decomposed leaves of beech trees, although oak leaves are also suitable. It has an underground rhizome that can persist for many years.

The above-ground parts of the Ghost Orchid range from 5-25 cm in height and the plant is leafless. Its flowers are striking and uniquely shaped, resembling a leaping frog.

The Ghost Orchid is a small, leafless epiphyte, producing coral-like aerial roots. These roots undertake photosynthesis, as the plant is devoid of leaves.

The roots have chloroplasts, which produce the chlorophyll required for the plant’s survival, a function usually performed by leaves in other plants.

Harvesting wild Ghost Orchids is illegal. Due to the immense difficulty in cultivating the Ghost Orchid artificially and the rarity of wild specimens, this plant is listed in the Washington Convention (CITES).

14. Dianthus Caryophyllus

Dendrophylax Lindenii

Dianthus Caryophyllus (Carnation): It’s a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the Caryophyllaceae family and the Dianthus genus. Carnation is a common name for many cultivated varieties of Dianthus.

This perennial plant stands 70-100 cm tall with a semi-woody base. The entire plant is coated in a white powder, giving it a gray-green hue. Its stems are hard and brittle, with swollen nodes.

Leaves are linear-lanceolate, entire, and rather thick, curving outward in the upper half and are oppositely arranged, clasping the stem at the base. Flowers are typically singular and are arranged in an umbel-like fashion. The corolla is hemispherical with a long tubular calyx.

The petals are fan-shaped, with some being wrinkled in appearance. Flower colors range from bright red, pink, pale yellow, white, deep red, and some have variegated or multicolored patterns. They are fragrant.

Carnations comprise many varieties and hybrids and can bloom almost continuously in greenhouses. They offer abundant blossoms in various shapes and colors.

Their fragrance is clove-like and they’re known for their prolonged bloom time, making them perfect for bouquets and gardens. These flowers are cherished for their beauty, allure, clove-like scent, and enduring freshness.

15. Dianthus Chinensis

Dianthus Chinensis

Dianthus chinensis (China Pink): This is a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the Caryophyllaceae family and Dianthus genus. The plant has a sparse clumping habit with its stems.

Its leaves are linear-lanceolate, tapering at the tip, slightly narrowed at the base, either entire or minutely serrated. Flowers are either singular or form an umbel-like cluster, colored in purple-red, pink, bright red, or white.

The seeds are flat and circular. It blooms between May and June and bears fruit from July to September. It’s called “石竹” (stone bamboo) in Chinese because its stem, with its nodes, resembles bamboo.

Originally from Northern China, this plant has a broad distribution. It thrives in sunny, dry, well-ventilated, and cool environments. It’s cold-hardy, drought-resistant, but intolerant to extreme heat and standing water. Propagation methods include sowing seeds, cuttings, and division.

China Pink has a cool nature with a slightly bitter taste. It’s known for its medicinal properties, including clearing heat, promoting diuresis, breaking down blood stasis, and promoting menstruation.

With its slender green leaves and vibrant flowers, it’s resistant to cold and blooms all year round. It’s an ideal plant for flower beds, landscapes, and pots. It’s also suitable as a cut flower for vase arrangements.

16. Dianthus Superbus

Dianthus Superbus

Dianthus superbus (Large Pink): This is a perennial herbaceous plant from the Caryophyllaceae family and Dianthus genus. It’s also known as “Tall Mountain Pink.”

The plant grows to a height of 50-60 cm, sometimes even taller. Stems grow in clusters, are upright, green, and hairless with branching towards the upper part.

Leaves are linear-lanceolate with a sharp tip and a prominent midvein. They are sheathed at the base, green, sometimes with a hint of powder green. The petals are housed within the calyx, are broad ovate in shape, and have fringed edges that extend to the middle or even above.

They are typically pale red or purple, occasionally white, with the throat of the flower bearing hair-like scales. The stamens and pistil protrude slightly.

17. Digitalis Purpurea

Digitalis Purpurea

Digitalis purpurea (Foxglove): This plant is an annual or perennial herbaceous species belonging to the Plantaginaceae family and Digitalis genus. It grows between 0.5 to 1 meter in height.

The stem is upright with minimal branching, covered throughout with grayish-white short soft hairs and glandular hairs. The leaves are basal, forming a rosette, and are ovate or lanceolate in shape.

The flowers form a terminal raceme with a bell-shaped, purple-red corolla with light white spots on the inside. The fruit is ovate in shape.

Foxglove is native to Europe but has been introduced and cultivated in various parts of Asia and the Americas. It prefers sunlight, cool environments, and can tolerate partial shade.

It is resistant to cold and drought but dislikes alkaline soil. It thrives best in fertile, loose, moist soil with good drainage.

The foxglove plant contains compounds such as digitalis glycosides and toxic sugars. Pharmacological research indicates that foxglove has cardiotonic, diuretic, antitumor, liver-protecting, and antiviral properties.

However, foxglove is a toxic plant that should not be ingested. Its leaves contain several toxic compounds, and ingestion in large amounts can cause arrhythmias and can be fatal.

18. Dipladenia Sanderi

Dipladenia Sanderi

Mandevilla laxa (Chilean Jasmine): This is a plant species belonging to the Apocynaceae family and Mandevilla genus. The leaves are entire, opposite, and have an ovate shape. They are leathery in texture with wrinkles on the surface, presenting a glossy appearance.

The flowers are axillary with a funnel-shaped corolla, coming in shades of red, peach-red, and pink. It blooms nearly year-round from early spring to late autumn.

Chilean Jasmine is native to tropical regions of the Americas. It loves ample sunlight and thrives in warm, humid conditions. It’s not cold-hardy and isn’t particularly demanding regarding soil quality, although it prefers fertile, well-draining sandy soil.

19. Dracaena Sanderiana

Dracaena Sanderiana

Dracaena Sanderiana (Lucky Bamboo): Dracaena Sanderiana is an evergreen sub-shrub belonging to the Asparagaceae family and Dracaena genus.

The plant grows up to approximately 4 meters in height. The leaves are alternate or sub-opposite, papery, lanceolate in shape with short petioles, and are a deep green color.

The inflorescence is umbel-like with 3-10 flowers emerging from the leaf axils or opposite the upper leaves, with a purple corolla. The fruits are nearly spherical and black.

Lucky Bamboo is originally from the Canary Islands and the tropical regions of Africa and Asia. It prefers shadowy, moist, and high-temperature conditions, with an ideal temperature range of 18-24℃.

The plant is flood-tolerant, nutrient-hardy, cold-resistant, and thrives in well-draining sandy soil, loamy sand, or alluvial clay. Its varieties include green leaves, green leaves with white edges, green leaves with yellow edges, and green leaves with a silver center.

20. Dracuunculus Vulgaris

Dracuunculus Vulgaris

Dracunculus Vulgaris (Dragon Arum): Also known as the Voodoo Lily or Black Arum, the Dracunculus Vulgaris has a central stem that sports a deep purple flower.

This flower emits a foul, rotting smell. The erect flower stem is surrounded by large green leaves adorned with white veins. It’s a shade-loving plant and is known to be one of the 16 most beautifully foul-smelling plants in the world. In the wild, it spreads rapidly and doesn’t require any special care.

The Dragon Arum grows in the Balkan Peninsula, Mediterranean regions of Europe, the island of Crete in Greece, the Aegean Islands, and southwestern Turkey. In some places, it genuinely grows as a weed in its natural setting.

21. Duranta Erecta

Duranta Erecta

Duranta Erecta (Golden Dewdrop): Duranta Erecta belongs to the Verbenaceae family and Duranta genus. It is a shrub that grows about 1.5-3 meters in height.

The branches have thorns, and young branches are covered with soft hairs. Leaves are opposite, occasionally whorled; the leaf blades are ovate-elliptical or ovate-lanceolate, papery, with a short pointed or blunt tip and a cuneate base, covered in soft hairs.

The inflorescence is either terminal or axillary, often arranged in a conical shape. The calyx is tubular, hairy, about 5 mm long, with 5 lobes and 5 angles. The corolla is typically blue-purple, about 8 mm long, slightly irregular, with 5 spread-out lobes, both inside and outside covered with tiny hairs.

The drupe is spherical, hairless, glossy, about 5 mm in diameter, turning red or yellow when ripe, and surrounded by an enlarged persistent calyx.

The flowering and fruiting period is from May to October, but in the south, it can be year-round. Originally from tropical America, it’s commonly cultivated in southern China and sometimes naturalized.

Duranta Erecta has a long flowering period and beautiful flowers, making it an excellent choice for hedging. Its roots and leaves can be used for pain relief and quenching thirst.

The fruits can be used to treat malaria and chest pains from falls, while the leaves can be applied to early-stage painful swellings, bruises on the soles of the feet, or abscesses.

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