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What Is Jasmine?

Many people enjoy growing jasmine in their homes. The flowers of the jasmine plant are white and fragrant, and they can be used to brew tea, offering undeniable benefits. However, the blossoming period of each jasmine flower is rather short, usually wilting after 2-3 days of blooming. 1. Characteristics of Jasmine Jasmine is an upright […]

Many people enjoy growing jasmine in their homes. The flowers of the jasmine plant are white and fragrant, and they can be used to brew tea, offering undeniable benefits. However, the blossoming period of each jasmine flower is rather short, usually wilting after 2-3 days of blooming.

1. Characteristics of Jasmine

Jasmine is an upright or climbing shrub in the Oleaceae family, Jasminum genus. It can reach up to 3 meters in height. The small branches are cylindrical or slightly flattened, sometimes hollow, and sparsely covered with soft hairs.

Jasmine leaves are opposite, single, papery, circular, elliptical, ovate elliptical, or inversely ovate, 4-12.5cm in length and 2-7.5cm in width. Both ends are rounded or blunt, the base is sometimes slightly heart-shaped, with 4-6 pairs of lateral veins.

Jasmine

The fine veins on both sides are often apparent and slightly protruding. The leafstalk is relatively long, 2-6mm in length, covered with short soft hair, and has nodes.

Jasmine flowers are umbellate. They often bear three flowers at a time, sometimes singly or up to five. The peduncles of the inflorescence are 1-4.5cm long, covered with short soft hair. The bracts are tiny, cone-shaped, and 4-8mm in length.

The flowers are extremely fragrant. The calyx is hairless or sparsely covered with short soft hair, with linear lobes 5-7mm long. The corolla is white with a tube 0.7-1.5cm long, and the lobes are oblong to nearly circular, 5-9mm wide, rounded or blunt at the tip.

The fruit is spherical, about 1cm in diameter, and turns purple-black or dark brown. The flowering period is from May to August, and the fruiting period is from July to September.

2. Jasmine’s Growing Environment

Jasmine

Jasmine prefers a warm, humid environment and is not tolerant of cold or frost. It enjoys sunlight but not shade, and it does not tolerate direct strong sunlight. It grows best in well-ventilated, semi-shaded environments. Slightly acidic sandy soil rich in humus is ideal for its growth.

Most varieties of jasmine are sensitive to cold and drought, and do not tolerate frost, waterlogging, or alkali soil. When the winter temperature falls below 3℃, the branches and leaves are susceptible to frost damage, and if this condition persists for a long time, the plant may die. However, deciduous climbing species are very cold-tolerant and drought-tolerant.

3. Jasmine’s Distribution Range

Jasmine is native to areas like India and other Arabian regions. It is now widely grown in subtropical areas, mainly distributed in Mediterranean coastal countries, and also found in Chinese provinces like Fujian and Jiangsu.

Jasmine is broadly cultivated in subtropical regions. The main distribution is in countries like Iran, Egypt, Turkey, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, as well as Mediterranean coastal countries like Spain, France, Italy. It’s also cultivated in Southeast Asian countries.

4. Jasmine’s Propagation Methods

Jasmine

Jasmine can be propagated through cutting and seed sowing, with seed sowing being the more commonly used method in real life. Cutting is used to cultivate excellent varieties.

Cutting: Performed from April to October. Select mature 1-year-old branches, cut into cuttings with at least two nodes, remove the lower leaves, insert into a bed with equal parts soil and sand, cover with a plastic film, maintain high air humidity, and it will root after about 40-60 days.

Layering: Choose a longer branch, slightly damage under the node, bury it into a small pot with sand and soil, keep it moist often. It begins to root after 20-30 days and can be separated from the parent plant into a seedling for planting after 2 months.

5. Main Varieties of Jasmine

There are about 60 varieties of jasmine in China.

Single-petaled Jasmine: Single-petaled jasmine plants are 70-90 cm tall, with slender branches in a vine-like form, hence the name “vine jasmine”. The leaves are oval-shaped, thin, with a slightly pointed tip, and entire margin.

Double-petaled Jasmine: Double-petaled jasmine is the main variety cultivated on a large scale in China. It is an upright and dense shrub with many branches. The stems and branches are relatively thick and hard, and the skin at the base of the stem has gray-brown wrinkles. The young stems are green, and the robust branches have edges and short velvety hairs.

Multi-petaled Jasmine: Multi-petaled jasmine has prominent warty protrusions on the branches. The leaves are dark green, the flower buds are tightly clustered, round and short, with a slightly concave top. The corolla lobes (petals) are small, thick, and especially numerous.

Jasmine

6. The Main Value of Jasmine

Ornamental Value

Jasmine has beautiful white flowers with a gentle, fresh aroma. It can be used for garden cultivation or as an ornamental plant for appreciation.

Indoor Cultivation: Evergreen shrubs of jasmine with lush green leaves and pure white flowers exude a rich fragrance, making it a common garden and potted ornamental aromatic plant.

It is often used as potted decoration, adding a refined and pleasant touch to the room, and can also be processed into floral decorations like wreaths. Although jasmine is not dazzling, it combines the sweetness of roses, the fragrance of plum blossoms, the remoteness of orchids, and the elegance of magnolias.

Jasmine

Economic Value

Jasmine Essential Oil: Jasmine has a refreshing fragrance and can be used to extract jasmine oil, which is an ingredient for making perfumes. The price of jasmine oil is high, equivalent to that of gold. Jasmine can also be used to scent tea or steam to extract juice as a substitute for rose water.

Regions in the south of the Yangtze River, such as Suzhou, Nanjing, Hangzhou, and Jinhua, have long been producing jasmine tea.

In all “floral fragrances”, jasmine is undoubtedly the most important. There is hardly a daily-use perfume that does not contain the aroma of jasmine. You can smell the fragrance of jasmine in every bottle of perfume, every piece of soap, and every box of cosmetics.

Not only that, the aroma of jasmine also contributes greatly to the synthetic fragrance industry. Hundreds of floral fragrances are discovered from the scent components of jasmine or synthesized by chemists imitating the scent of jasmine.

Jasmine’s aroma is the most “rich and colorful” among floral fragrances, including the “just right” animal scent, green scent, medicinal scent, fruity scent, etc.

Edible Value

Jasmine

Jasmine Tea: Jasmine tea is a specialty of Fuzhou City. It is a type of tea made from specially crafted tea or refined green tea and fresh jasmine flowers. In tea classification, jasmine tea still belongs to green tea.

All types of tea have similar health benefits. Apart from the properties of green tea, jasmine tea has many health benefits that green tea does not have.

Medicinal Value

Simply put, jasmine can soothe the liver, relieve depression, regulate qi, and relieve pain.

The root (jasmine root): bitter, warm, toxic. It has anesthetic and analgesic effects. It can be used for injuries to muscles and bones, tooth decay, headaches, and insomnia. Leaves (jasmine leaves): spicy, cool. It has the effect of clearing heat and relieving the exterior.

It can be used for fever due to exogenous factors, abdominal distension and diarrhea. Flower (jasmine flower): spicy, sweet, warm. It can regulate qi, relieve depression, ward off filth, and harmonize the middle. It can be used for diarrhea, abdominal pain, red and swollen eyes, and sores.

Jasmine can be used to extract jasmine oil, the main components of which are benzyl alcohol and its esters, jasminum, linalool, benzoin acid linalool ester. The root contains alkaloids and sterols.

Jasmine root has an inhibitory effect on the central nervous system. Jasmine flowers, leaves, and roots can all be used as medicine, usually after autumn, the roots are dug out, cut into slices, and dried for future use; the flowers are picked in summer and autumn, and dried for future use. It has spicy, sweet, cool, heat-clearing, detoxifying, and dampness-relieving effects.

Jasmine

7. The Language of Jasmine Flowers

Jasmine flowers, characterized by their purity, richness, delicacy, and longevity, symbolize fidelity, respect, innocence, chastity, simplicity, delicacy, and charm.

In many countries, they’re viewed as the flowers of love, often exchanged between young men and women to express unwavering affection. They are also seen as the flowers of friendship, shared among people.

Presenting a jasmine flower necklace to guests, letting it hang down to their chest, is a mark of respect and friendliness, embodying a warm and welcoming gesture. The scent of jasmine, deemed sensual and enchanting, prompts the meaning “You’re mine” in the language of flowers. Many people wear them like adornments due to their captivating fragrance.

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Peggie

Peggie

Founder of FlowersLib

Peggie was once a high school mathematics teacher, but she set aside her chalkboard and textbooks to follow her lifelong passion for flowers. After years of dedication and learning, she not only established a thriving flower shop but also founded this blog, “Flowers Library”. If you have any questions or wish to learn more about flowers, feel free to contact Peggie.

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