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Top 10 Famous National Flowers in the World

The national flower of China is still under discussion. In the 2019 public opinion poll for the national flower, peonies won overwhelmingly, and it is believed that a decision will be made soon. Most countries have their symbolic national flowers, some of which are famous flower types that are respected by multiple countries. I have […]

The national flower of China is still under discussion. In the 2019 public opinion poll for the national flower, peonies won overwhelmingly, and it is believed that a decision will be made soon.

Most countries have their symbolic national flowers, some of which are famous flower types that are respected by multiple countries.

I have brought you the top ten famous national flowers in the world, such as the Iris, the national flower of France, the Rose, the national flower of the United Kingdom, and so on.

Let’s learn about the national flowers and their meanings of various countries together!

1. The Rose: National Flower of the UK, the US, and Bulgaria, among others

The rose, emblematic of England, has been the UK’s national flower since the Wars of the Roses between the Houses of Lancaster and York. The red rose represented the Lancaster royals while the York royals were symbolized by the white rose.

On August 22, 1485, the rule of the House of York disintegrated after Richard III was defeated by Henry VII at Bosworth. When Henry VII married Elizabeth, the two roses were combined into one: a red rose with a white center.

Many countries in Europe and America, including the US, the Czech Republic, the Maldives, and Bulgaria, have also designated the rose as their national flower, a symbol of love and seriousness due to its thorns.

2. Jasmine: National Flower of the Philippines and Tunisia

Jasmine is the national flower of the Philippines and Tunisia. On February 1, 1943, after careful consideration, the Governor-General in the Philippines proclaimed jasmine as the national flower.

Even after gaining autonomy, this archipelagic nation continued to recognize the jasmine, symbolizing purity and everlasting love, as their national flower.

In Tunisia, women adorn their hair with jasmine, adding allure. The white jasmine, a symbol of attachment, exudes loveliness and humility. Its beauty and fragrance have made it the beloved national flower of Tunisia.

3. Iris: National Flower of France and Algeria, among others

The Iris is the national flower of France, a nation known for its blooms. Its capital, Paris, is famed as the “City of Flowers”. Legend has it that when the Frankish king Clovis was baptized, the Iris was his divine gift.

The French regard the Iris as a symbol of purity. Its form, reminiscent of a dove in flight, represents the “Holy Spirit”. The Iris, a brilliant bloom that opens in the spring, is among the most renowned and popular garden plants in central and southern Europe, and warm tropical regions of Asia.

Beyond France, the Iris is also the national flower of Algeria and Croatia.

4. Peony: The Flower of China

China hasn’t officially declared a national flower. During the Qing dynasty, the peony was recognized as the national flower, while the plum blossom held that honor during the Republic of China.

However, no flower has been officially named the national flower since the People’s Republic of China was established. In a poll conducted by the China Flower Association on July 22, 2019, the peony won with 79.71% of the vote.

The association indicated that the poll results would be used as a reference in proposing a national flower to the relevant departments. The peony, known for its vibrant colors and fragrant pearls, is elegant, rich, and splendid. It’s often referred to as the “King of Flowers”.

Since ancient times, it has been a symbol of wealth, reflecting the strength and prosperity of China and the well-being of its people.

5. Hibiscus: National Flower of South Korea and Haiti, among others

The Hibiscus is the national flower of South Korea. Also known as the “Endless Flower” or “Infinity Flower”, it has long been a popular hedge plant. The Hibiscus is notable for its beauty, lengthy blooming period, and its unmatched resilience, symbolizing the tenacity of South Koreans despite adversity.

Cherished by the Korean people, it stands as a symbol of eternal beauty and happiness. Aside from South Korea, the Hibiscus also serves as the national flower of Haiti, Malaysia, Sudan, and Vanuatu.

6. Dahlia: National Flower of Mexico

The Dahlia is Mexico’s national flower. As the Dahlia’s native land, Mexico is abundant with these stunning, colorful blooms, capable of rivalling the world’s beauty.

On May 13, 1963, President Adolfo Lopez Mateos declared the Dahlia as Mexico’s official flower.

Mexicans view it as a symbol of generosity and elegance. These flowers were used as food by early indigenous people of Mexico, and the Aztecs employed them for medicinal purposes.

7. Tulip: National Flower of the Netherlands, Hungary, among others

The Tulip, a globally renowned bulbous flower, is believed to originate from Turkey. In Europe and America, it’s seen as a symbol of victory and prosperity. The tulip serves as the official national flower of the Netherlands, Hungary, Afghanistan, Turkey, and Kyrgyzstan. Many know that the tulips of the Netherlands cover the largest cultivation area in the world. As early as the 16th century, the gardener of the Vienna Royal Garden, Clusius, received a beautiful tulip from the Austrian ambassador to Turkey. He brought it to the Netherlands, causing a nationwide tulip craze.

8. Cherry Blossom: National Flower of Japan

The Cherry Blossom is the national flower of Japan. This flower represents the pride of the Japanese nation, symbolizing diligence, bravery, and wisdom, much like the majestic Mount Fuji. There’s a Japanese saying, “sakura for seven days,” indicating the blossom’s short bloom period.

Cherry blossoms symbolize passion, purity, and nobility and have been loved by the Japanese people since ancient times. Without a doubt, the cherry blossom holds a special place in the hearts of the Japanese.

Every year, the populace eagerly anticipates its bloom.

Even today, when the cherry blossoms bloom each spring, the people of Japan come out in droves to admire them and celebrate the Cherry Blossom Festival.

9. Lotus: National Flower of India and Vietnam

The Lotus is the national flower of India. In Sanskrit, it’s known as “Padma.”

Given that India is the birthplace of Buddhism, the Lotus is often mentioned as a symbol and mascot in Buddhist scriptures. The Lotus blooms out of the mud, unstained and self-cleaning, mirroring the worldly personality advocated by Buddhism.

Because the Lotus represents Buddhism, and Buddhism originated from India, the Lotus is seen in India as a dignified and sacred symbol. Besides India, the Lotus is also the national flower of Vietnam.

10. Cornflower: National Flower of Germany and Estonia

The Cornflower, known for its beautiful color, shape, fragrance, and resilient vitality, has won the praise and affection of the German people.

Germans see it as a symbol of the German nation’s patriotism, optimism, resilience, and simplicity, and consider it a sign of good luck, earning it the title of “national flower.” From the time the first humans arrived in Northern Europe, the Cornflower has grown on Estonian soil for over ten thousand years.

Between 1967 and 1968, the Estonian Society for the Protection of Wildlife organized an event to choose a national flower for Estonia. The ornamental Cornflower, popular for its decorative appearance, was chosen as the national flower of Estonia.

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Founder of FlowersLib

Peggie was once a high school mathematics teacher, but she set aside her chalkboard and textbooks to follow her lifelong passion for flowers. After years of dedication and learning, she not only established a thriving flower shop but also founded this blog, “Flowers Library”. If you have any questions or wish to learn more about flowers, feel free to contact Peggie.

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