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The Secrets of Roses: Benefits, Uses & Selection Tips

The rose, a deciduous shrub of the Rosaceae family, is characterized by branches filled with numerous thorns. It has odd-pinnate compound leaves, with 5-9 elliptical leaflets that possess marginal spikes. The petals are ovate and range from double to semi-double in form. The roses can be either purple-red or white. The fruiting period is from […]

The rose, a deciduous shrub of the Rosaceae family, is characterized by branches filled with numerous thorns. It has odd-pinnate compound leaves, with 5-9 elliptical leaflets that possess marginal spikes. The petals are ovate and range from double to semi-double in form.

The roses can be either purple-red or white. The fruiting period is from August to September, producing a flattened spherical shape. The rose primarily functions to regulate qi, alleviate depression, harmonize the blood, and disperse stagnation.

What is a rose?

What family of plants does the rose belong to?

A rose is a type of plant belonging to the Rosaceae family, Rosa genus. Originating from China, it has a long cultivation history. The term “rose” is commonly used to refer to a series of ornamental varieties within the Rosa genus, characterized by large, vibrant flowers. These cultivated varieties are also known as modern roses or modern Rosa.

Features of the Rose Flower

The rose is an upright shrub that can grow up to 2 meters in height, with a robust stem and small branches covered in fine hairs. The plant has about 5-9 leaflets, along with a petiole that measures between 5-13 centimeters in length. The buds of a rose are ovate, with a diameter of 4-4.5 centimeters. The flower itself is beautifully colored, often appearing in a purple-red hue.

Roses are known for their thorny stems, hence the name “Thorny Rose”. The poet Bai Juyi once wrote, “Lotus mud connects the calyx, and rose thorns wind around the branches.” One of the key features of roses is their aromatic fragrance, which is so intense that it can be turned into essential oil.

Growth Habits of the Rose

Roses are temperate plants that are resistant to cold and drought. They are not particularly demanding with regards to soil conditions and can grow in slightly alkaline soil. They thrive best in neutral or slightly acidic loamy soil rich in humus and with good drainage. Roses love sunlight, and they do not grow well or bloom profusely in the shade. They are not tolerant of waterlogging, which can cause the lower leaves to turn yellow and fall off. However, they have a strong budding ability and grow rapidly.

Is the Rose Cool or Hot in Nature?

Roses are warm in nature, with a sweet yet slightly bitter taste. They are associated with the liver and spleen meridians. They have liver-strengthening and stomach-nourishing properties, stimulate blood circulation and regulate menstruation, moisten the intestines and facilitate bowel movements, and relieve depression and calm the mind.

They can soothe emotions, balance hormone levels, nourish blood and qi, regulate the liver and stomach, relieve emotions, and have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, alleviate fatigue, improve constitution, and moisturize the skin. It is advised that women consume them regularly.

Flower Language of the Rose

The rose, being the national flower of England, symbolizes love, beauty, radiance, bravery, and nobility.

Roses come in various colors: red, yellow, white, purple, blue, etc., each with its own representative meaning or language of love. In China, the color red symbolizes love.

Differences Between Roses and Chinese Roses

Leaf Differences

The primary distinction between roses and Chinese roses lies in their leaves. Roses have five to nine leaflets, which bear many folds, characterizing them as pinnate compound leaves. On the other hand, Chinese roses have three to five leaflets, which are smooth and foldless, also classifying them as pinnate compound leaves.

Flower Differences

Roses come in two colors: white and pink, and their blossoms consist of one to three layers of petals. In contrast, Chinese roses come in a variety of colors due to the diversity of their species. Their blooms consist of three to five layers of petals. Additionally, Chinese rose blossoms are larger than those of roses, marking the most apparent difference between the two.

Stem Differences

Rose stems have numerous small thorns with minimal spacing between them, resulting in a dense growth pattern, often accompanied by bristles. Conversely, Chinese rose stems have fewer, larger thorns, with three to four on each stem node, giving them a smoother appearance.

Bloom Period Differences

The blooming period for roses is from May to September each year. During this period, each rose stem can produce one to three rose blossoms, which have a strong fragrance. Depending on the species, Chinese roses generally bloom from April to September each year. They can bloom every month, hence their name, Chinese roses. Each Chinese rose stem can produce one to three blossoms during its blooming period, which have a lighter fragrance.

Benefits and Uses of Rose Tea

Relieving Emotions

Rose tea can improve emotional issues and nourish the heart and blood vessels. Regular consumption of rose tea can have a calming effect and can also help alleviate insomnia.

Activating Blood Circulation

Primarily, it is used to manage female physiological issues, such as dysmenorrhea and irregular menstruation. These can be improved with rose tea.

Relieve Liver Heat

If you frequently experience feelings of irritation and anger, accompanied by symptoms such as red eyes, dry mouth, and constipation, you may be dealing with excessive internal heat. Therefore, drinking more rose tea can help alleviate this condition.

Regulating Qi and Nourishing Blood

Rose tea inherently has the effect of regulating Qi and nourishing the blood. A moderate amount of rose tea can be consumed and if taken regularly, it can lead to significant improvement.

Promote Metabolism

Regular consumption of rose tea can regulate the body’s meridians to promote blood circulation, and can also promote metabolism, relieve fatigue, and beautify the skin.

Promote Digestion

Rose tea can promote digestion and therefore has a weight-loss effect. For better weight-loss results, it can be consumed after meals.

Regulate Endocrine

Rose tea has a regulatory effect on female hormones, can relieve fatigue, and improve menstrual pain in women. It also eases emotions and can help prevent depression.

Beautify and Rejuvenate

Long-term drinking of rose tea can nourish the skin, improve skin conditions and pigmentation. It also improves women’s complexion. Regular consumption of rose tea has a beautifying and rejuvenating effect and gives a healthy glow.

Enhance Physical Constitution

Regular consumption of rose tea not only beautifies and rejuvenates, but also relaxes the mind and relieves physical fatigue. Especially, it significantly improves the physical constitution and activates blood circulation. However, pregnant women should not consume it excessively to avoid potential effects on the fetus.

What pairs well with rose for a tea infusion?

The Secrets of Roses: Benefits, Uses & Selection Tips

Longan Rose Tea

Prepare 5 grams of longan, 5 grams of goji berries, and 2 roses. Take the flesh of the longan, mix it with the goji berries, and steep in boiling water for 10 minutes. Add the roses at the end. Regular consumption can nourish blood, moisturize dry skin, and regulate hormonal imbalance.

Red Date Rose Tea

Start with 5 roses and 2 pitted red dates. Brew in water at 80 degrees Celsius, being mindful not to have the water too hot as it can destroy the vitamin C and other nutrients. After just one month, your skin will be fair and rosy. Roses and red dates both have higher vitamin C content than lemons, and given that vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin, its effects are quite remarkable. Furthermore, drinking this tea after meals can also help reduce fat.

Goji Rose Tea

Drinking tea made by infusing dried roses and goji berries can promote kidney health, improve eyesight, and reduce inflammation. It’s safe to drink regularly with little to no side effects. You can steep 15 grams of roses daily, and if you have a qi deficiency, you can add 3-5 dates or 9 grams of American ginseng. If you have a kidney deficiency, you can add 15 grams of goji berries. Honey can also be added to taste.

Milk Rose Tea

Take 6 roses, 6 goji berries, and 3 grams of raisins, steep in boiling water for 5 minutes, then add the tea to 100 milliliters of milk. Drinking this in place of regular tea can protect the liver, aid digestion, moisturize the skin, and enhance skin elasticity. The effects are significant with long-term use.

Honeysuckle Rose Tea

Prepare 1 gram of honeysuckle, 3 roses, 2 grams of lilyturf, and 2 grams of hawthorn, then steep in boiling water for 15 minutes. Regular consumption can regulate qi, alleviate depression, nourish yin, and clear heat. It’s suitable for those with liver depression, dry skin, and a dull complexion. The effects are significant with long-term use.

Salvia Goji Rose Tea

Combine 3 grams of salvia, 6 goji berries, 6 raisins, and 2 roses to make tea. This can promote blood circulation, nourish yin, and calm the nerves. It’s suitable for those suffering from myocardial ischemia, insomnia, forgetfulness, and a dull complexion. The effects are significant with long-term use.

Papaya Rose Tea

Take 300 grams of ripe papaya, a bottle of fresh milk, 3 roses, some white sugar, and a few drops of ginger juice. Cut the papaya into small pieces, blend into juice, then add the fresh milk, roses, white sugar, and ginger juice. Long-term consumption can increase skin elasticity, balance skin pH, prevent wrinkles, nourish yin, and moisturize the lungs. It’s beneficial for those with underdeveloped chests. Roses pair well with many ingredients for a tea infusion, including papaya.

Rose Plum Fat-reducing Tea

Combine 10 roses and 3 black plums, then steep in boiling water for 8 minutes. This tea can stimulate appetite, lubricate the intestines, reduce blood lipids, and is an ideal weight-loss beverage. However, overconsumption may lead to diarrhea, so those with poor gastrointestinal health should drink it in moderation.

What is the best way to consume roses?

Rose Tea

The most common method is to steep dried rosebuds in hot water. This is a simple and convenient technique. Take 4-5 dried rosebuds, add 2-3 red dates, pour hot water over them, and cover. Once the buds are fully steeped, you can sweeten the tea with honey to taste. The clear and bright tea, combined with the floating rosebuds, is pleasing to both the eye and the palate. Enjoying tea while appreciating the flowers provides a soothing and fragrant experience.

Rose Jam

Rose jam is a versatile sweet treat, whether spread on bread, paired with pastries, or simply dissolved in hot water to drink. To make rose jam, use freshly picked edible rose petals. After washing and draining, mix them with either white or brown sugar (according to personal preference), then seal the mixture for fermentation.

Rose Cake

The difference between a rose cake and a regular cake is the addition of roses. The preparation method is similar to other pastries, with the exception of adding rose jam to the filling. The rose jam is prepared in advance and mixed with other ingredients. The inclusion of rose components can provide skin beautifying effects.

Rose Sugar

Rose sugar is often added to other products as a sweet filling. It contains a high sugar content and is very sweet. The preparation method involves washing fresh rose petals, drying them, and placing them in a glass jar. Then, add salt, honey, and a plant-based acid regulator, plum brine. After mixing and sealing, wait for the rose petals to ferment before adding white sugar. Continue to mix and seal for further fermentation to complete the rose sugar.

Rose Porridge

Take 100 grams of japonica rice, 20 grams of roses, 10 grams of cherries, and 30 grams of white sugar. Pick the roses before they fully bloom, gently pluck the petals, and rinse them in cold water. Rinse the rice, soak it in cold water for half an hour, then drain. Add about 1000 ml of cold water to a pot, add the rice, and bring it to a boil over high heat. Then simmer until it turns into porridge. Add rose petals, cherries, and sugar to the porridge, cook for another 5 minutes, and it’s ready to serve.

Side Effects and Contraindications of Roses

What should not be brewed with roses?

Roses should not be brewed with tea. When brewing roses, we can add other seasonings according to personal taste, such as honey and rock sugar, which are excellent choices. However, roses should never be brewed with tea. This is mainly due to the high amount of tannic acid in tea, which can interfere with the medicinal effects of roses, especially their ability to relieve liver congestion and depression.

Can roses be consumed daily?

They are not suitable for daily consumption. Traditional Chinese medicine suggests that roses should not be consumed daily during the summer. Although roses have excellent beauty benefits, drinking rose-infused water every day can lead to problems with the circulation of qi and blood in the body. If the circulation of qi and blood is too fast, it can affect your health, especially in women during menstruation, it can cause heavy bleeding and even threaten life.

Who should not drink rose tea?

  1. Women with heavy menstrual flow should not drink it.

Although drinking rose-infused water can have a beneficial effect on various gynecological diseases, especially irregular menstruation or dysmenorrhea, it can also exacerbate these conditions. If you have a heavy menstrual flow, it’s best not to consume rose-infused water during your period, and even reduce its consumption at other times. Consuming roses during these times can increase menstrual flow and even cause heavy bleeding.

  1. People with constipation should not drink it.

Roses have a certain astringent effect, so they can have anti-diarrheal effects when consumed by patients with diarrhea. However, if consumed by patients with constipation, it can not only fail to alleviate constipation but can even exacerbate the problem.

  1. Pregnant women should not drink it frequently.

Research has found that if women drink a large amount of rose-infused water for a long period during pregnancy, it can increase the risk of miscarriage and difficulties in childbirth. Therefore, for the health of both mother and child, it is not recommended for pregnant women to consume roses.

  1. Patients with a cold stomach or prone to diarrhea should not drink it.

This type of patient can drink rose-infused water, but the interval between drinks should be long, and it should not be consumed frequently or for a long period.

  1. Patients with poor constitution should not drink it.

If you often feel tired and your body is weak with poor resistance, it’s best not to consume roses, as they can not only fail to improve your constitution but can even worsen it.

How to Choose Rose Tea?

Inspect the Appearance

When choosing rose tea, the overall tea should be plump, evenly colored, and have a high degree of integrity. If the tea selected is full-bodied, evenly colored, and has good integrity, then it can initially be judged as high-quality rose tea.

Assess the Weight

Pick up the rose tea. High-quality rose tea appears dense and heavy, while inferior tea is loose and lightweight. Additionally, pay attention to whether there are any stems, fragments, or scattered petals in the tea. If these are present, it is not high-quality rose tea.

Consider the Color

When selecting rose tea, high-quality rose tea has a dark red color and might look a little wilted, which may not be appealing to some. Rose teas that have a vibrant color, with very green sepals and pedicels, may have been treated with sulfur.

Smell the Fragrance

The fragrance of rose tea is a fusion of tea and rose scent. The top layer fragrance will gradually fade until there is no smell left, but the aroma within the petals remains. If the fragrance of the rose tea you choose remains constant, artificial essences may have been added.

Examine the Tea Broth

The color of natural rose tea intensifies significantly when water is added, and the hotter the water, the quicker the color fades. Natural rose tea has a light yellow-colored broth. If the tea broth appears red or blue, colorants or other substances may have been added.

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Founder of FlowersLib

Peggie was once a high school mathematics teacher, but she set aside her chalkboard and textbooks to follow her lifelong passion for flowers. After years of dedication and learning, she not only established a thriving flower shop but also founded this blog, “Flowers Library”. If you have any questions or wish to learn more about flowers, feel free to contact Peggie.

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