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Munstead Lavender: Your Guide to Growing and Caring for It

The Lavandula Munstead is a type of evergreen shrub. It’s a shorter plant and is one of the earliest varieties of lavender. It’s also the second best-selling lavender variety in the UK. The Munstead Lavender has narrow, elongated green leaves and spiky, purple flowers that emit a strong fragrance. It can be grown in pots […]

The Lavandula Munstead is a type of evergreen shrub. It’s a shorter plant and is one of the earliest varieties of lavender. It’s also the second best-selling lavender variety in the UK.

The Munstead Lavender has narrow, elongated green leaves and spiky, purple flowers that emit a strong fragrance. It can be grown in pots or planted directly in the ground and has a considerable market value.

I. Basic Introduction

The Lavandula Munstead, or Munstead Lavender, is an evergreen shrub that is shorter in stature. Its narrow, elongated green leaves and spiky, purple flowers give off a strong fragrance.

II. Growth and Distribution

This plant is native to Australia.

III. Characteristics

The Munstead Lavender is an evergreen shrub with a short stature. It has narrow, elongated green leaves and spiky, purple flowers. The entire plant emits a strong fragrance. It can be grown in pots or directly in the ground.

The plant grows to a height of approximately 20 to 50 centimeters.

The seeds germinate within 12 to 21 days.

The flowering period is from June to September.

The flowers are purple.

The leaves and flowers are utilized.

The germination rate is greater than 60%.

IV. Living Habits

The Munstead Lavender likes sunshine and is heat, drought, and cold resistant. It can also withstand poor and saline-alkali soils but is susceptible to waterlogging. It needs a sunny and well-ventilated location to grow. The time from sowing to flowering (or harvest) is approximately 126 to 140 days.

V. Cultivation Methods

(1) Propagation of Lavender: Lavender can be propagated via seeds or cuttings.

Lavender seeds are small and suitable for seedling transplantation. The sowing of lavender seeds should be carried out in spring, roughly from April to June, with the germination period typically lasting 2-3 weeks.

The temperature during germination should be maintained at 10-24℃ and sufficient light exposure is necessary.

The dormancy period of the seeds is relatively long, so it’s ideal to soak the seeds for 12 hours before sowing, then immerse them in a 20-50ppm gibberellin solution for 2 hours, and then sow them.

Prior to sowing, it is important to prepare the soil, water it, wait for the water to seep in, then sow the seeds evenly and cover them with a thin layer of soil. Cover the soil with grass or plastic film, ensure a temperature of 15-25℃, and keep the seedbed moist.

Seedlings will appear after about 10 days. If the seeds are not soaked in gibberellin, germination will take about a month. During the seedling stage, it’s important to pay attention to watering. If the seedlings are too dense, thinning is needed. When the seedlings grow to 10cm, they can be transplanted.

Cutting propagation is another important method for lavender propagation. Lavender can adapt quickly to propagation by cuttings. This can be done in spring and fall, and tender branches can also be used for cutting propagation in summer, although it requires more management. It is usually done in spring.

Before cutting propagation, a seedbed should be prepared, with a bed surface of 1.5m planned and a 40cm wide walkway left. A cutting substrate made of a 1:3 mixture of peat and 2:3 coarse sand should be spread evenly on the bed surface to a thickness of about 15cm, and the edges should be bricked.

When propagating by cuttings, the quality of the cuttings is crucial as it affects the survival rate. Choose thick branches with short internodes that have not sprouted from well-developed plants as cuttings.

Top buds of the flower sequence that have already appeared cannot be used for cutting propagation. Cut the cuttings at the stem node and ensure smoothness.

Remove the bottom two leaflets and insert them into the substrate about 5cm deep, keeping a row spacing of 10cm. After the cuttings are finished, water them, cover them with plastic film, and in about 2-3 weeks, the cuttings can take root.

The humidity and temperature of the cutting seedlings should be maintained to promote the growth of the root system, prune the extension branches, and remove the flower spikes.

(2) When planting lavender, it’s crucial to choose suitable soil. Opt for soil with excellent drainage capabilities, specifically neutral soil.

(3) Alternatively, slightly alkaline soil is also viable. Avoid planting lavender in low-lying and acidic soil. After selecting the appropriate soil, it is necessary to till it. The tilling depth should be around 26 cm, and afterwards, fertilize.

Once fertilized, adjust the ridge surface and furrow width based on the size of the plot to maintain its aesthetics. In areas with relatively low terrain, dig deep trenches for effective drainage.

Planting is best done in the fall, particularly in October. The row spacing of the plants should be maintained between 50 cm and 70 cm. When digging planting holes, ensure their diameter and depth are greater than the diameter and height of the lavender itself to prevent damage during planting.

(4) Field Management: Regular watering of lavender is necessary. After watering, wait until the soil is completely dry before watering again, ensuring the soil surface is dry and the interior is moist.

Watering is generally done in the morning, and water should not be sprinkled on flowers and leaves to prevent rot and subsequent pests and diseases. Although lavender needs ample sunlight to grow, 50% of the sunlight should be blocked in the summer to reduce the temperature.

(5) Pest and Disease Control: Lavender is naturally resistant to many pests and diseases. With proper management, there should be minimal problems. However, if not managed properly, root rot, aphids, and red spiders might appear.

For aphids, a solution of 40% LeGou emulsion diluted 800-1000 times can be sprayed in early to mid-July. For red spiders, a solution of avermectin diluted 3000 times can be sprayed once, followed by another spray 10 days later.

VI. Reproduction Methods

Sexual Reproduction

Seeds are sown for propagation, resulting in rapid growth, a well-developed root system, and robust seedlings.

However, this method can result in significant variation, providing excellent material for selective breeding. The chosen seeds should be uniform in size, full, and have a brownish gloss.

Prior to sowing, seeds need to be sun-dried, soaked in warm water of 30 degrees Celsius for 12-24 hours, and then soaked in concentrated sulfuric acid for 5 minutes. After being rinsed and air-dried, they can be sown.

Asexual Reproduction

Lavender mainly propagates through cutting. This method preserves the superior qualities of the parent plant. Cuttings are highly adaptable and can be done in spring and autumn.

The selected cuttings should come from robust, disease-free branches that haven’t bloomed yet, with short and sturdy internodes. These branches are semi-woody and healthy, with lengths of 8-10 cm. Prior to cutting, the cuttings should be soaked in rooting powder for 12 hours.

VII. Value and Other Aspects

Primary Value

Practical Use

The flowers and leaves can be distilled into essential oils, and the flowers can add flavor to jams. They are also suitable for making pastries and herbal teas, offering stress relief, headache mitigation, and breath freshening effects. They can also be used for bathing and skincare with astringent properties.

Gardening Use

A well-planned arrangement of aromatic plants creates a pleasing landscape, relaxing people’s nerves and moods while satisfying their olfactory and sensory enjoyment, promoting overall health.

Lavender has high ecological and ornamental value. Its plant is low-growing and maintains a grey-purple color throughout the year. It is strong-growing, pruning-tolerant, and its leaves and flowers are beautiful and elegant.

The sight and scent of the lavender are both enjoyable and refreshing, making people feel comfortable. It can be used to create specialized aromatic gardens, achieving greening, beautification, coloration, and aromatization all in one.

It not only provides a visual feast but also purifies the air and offers therapeutic benefits. It can be used in garden squares, private gardens, patterned flower beds, and arrangements along roadsides, flower borders, and flower clusters.

During the blooming season, the sight of the purple-blue flowers and the pervasive fragrance offer a truly delightful and unforgettable experience.

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Peggie

Peggie

Founder of FlowersLib

Peggie was once a high school mathematics teacher, but she set aside her chalkboard and textbooks to follow her lifelong passion for flowers. After years of dedication and learning, she not only established a thriving flower shop but also founded this blog, “Flowers Library”. If you have any questions or wish to learn more about flowers, feel free to contact Peggie.

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