38 Flowers That Start With L

1. Lagerstroemia Indica

Lagerstroemia Indica

Lagerstroemia Indica, commonly known as Crape Myrtle, is a deciduous shrub or small tree from the Lythraceae family. It features a tall trunk with smooth, grey or greyish-brown bark. Its branches are often twisted, with slender twigs that slightly resemble wings.

The leaves are papery, oval, broadly rectangular, or ovate. Its flowers, which bloom from June to September, range in color from light red, purple, to white and are typically found in conical clusters at the top.

The fruit is an elliptical or broad spheroid and seeds are winged. The fruiting period is from September to December.

The name “Crape Myrtle” is related to the North Star, which is also known as the Purple Star in Chinese astrology, regarded as the “master of all stars”, symbolizing nobility and prosperity.

Native to southern Asia and northern Australia, Crape Myrtles prefer sunlight, tolerate partial shade, are drought-resistant, and dislike excessive moisture.

They thrive in warm, humid climates, can withstand some cold, and prefer deep, fertile sandy loam soil. Propagation methods include seeding and stem cuttings.

The bark, wood, and flowers of Crape Myrtle have medicinal properties, including improving blood circulation, pain relief, reducing swelling, and detoxification.

With its vibrant, long-lasting blooms and extended life span, it serves both as a beautiful bonsai and an ornamental tree in gardens, offering significant aesthetic value.

2. Lagerstroemia Speciosa

Lagerstroemia Speciosa

Lagerstroemia Speciosa, known as Giant Crape Myrtle, is another tree from the Lythraceae family. It has grey, smooth bark and cylindrical twigs, which can be hairless or lightly fuzzy.

Its leaves are leathery, elongated oval or ovate, rarely lanceolate, connecting in a curved manner along the leaf edge. Its flowers are light red or purple, blooming from May to July, with nearly round petals that barely wrinkle.

The fruit is spherical or elongated ovate, bearing numerous seeds. The fruiting period is from October to November.

Originating from Sri Lanka, India, Malaysia, Vietnam, and the Philippines, the Giant Crape Myrtle enjoys sunlight and thrives in warm, humid conditions.

It tolerates some shade, has good cold and drought resistance, and is not particular about soil types but prefers deep, loose, fertile soil with good drainage. It propagates through seeds, cuttings, or offshoots.

The Giant Crape Myrtle is a traditional medicinal plant for many Southeast Asian communities. In India, its leaves serve as astringents, while in the Philippines, tea made from its leaves is widely consumed to prevent and treat diabetes, earning the moniker “natural plant insulin.”

This tea has no known side effects and can also aid in weight loss without adverse reactions. The Giant Crape Myrtle, with its vivid long-lasting flowers, not only beautifies parks and streets but also purifies the air, improving the microclimate of gardens.

Moreover, its hard, rot-resistant wood, with a bright red hue, is highly valuable.

3. Lamprocapnos Spectabilis

Lamprocapnos Spectabilis

Lamprocapnos Spectabilis, commonly known as Bleeding Heart, is a perennial herbaceous plant from the poppy family. It grows between 30 to 60 centimeters in height and possesses fleshy rhizomes.

The stem stands upright and is cylindrical in shape. Its leaves are bifurcated and deeply lobed, resembling those of peonies.

The inflorescence is borne at the top, with the base being heart-shaped, and the petals ranging in color from purple-red to pink, and occasionally white. These flowers dangle to one side, much like a purse, and bloom from April to June.

The plant gets its name “Bleeding Heart” due to its leaves’ resemblance to peonies and its heart-shaped flowers resembling traditional Chinese purses.

Bleeding Heart is native to northern China but can also be found in Japan, Korea, and Russia. It prefers a warm, moist, and semi-shaded environment, is intolerant to intense sunlight, but is cold-hardy. It thrives in fertile sandy soil that is moist yet well-draining.

Propagation typically occurs through division, cuttings, or seeds.

Medicinally, the Bleeding Heart is spicy and bitter with a warm nature. The entire plant can be used for medicinal purposes. It has properties that relieve pain, alleviate spasms, promote urination, regulate menstruation, disperse blood stasis, harmonize the blood, expel wind, and detoxify swellings.

It’s primarily used to treat sores, infections, and stomach pains. The symbolic meaning of its flowers is enduring love and constant longing.

4. Lantana Camara

Lantana Camara

Lantana Camara, commonly known as Lantana, belongs to the Verbenaceae family. The plant has a distinct odor and sometimes takes on a vine-like form. Both its stems and branches are square, rough-haired, and often possess hooked spines or are spineless.

The leaves are opposite, with blades being ovate to elongated oval. The inflorescences are head-like and axillary, with sturdy peduncles longer than the leaf stalks. Flowers range from yellow, orange, pink to deep red, and are covered with fine short hairs on both sides.

The fruit is spherical and turns purplish-black when ripe. Lantana blooms year-round. The varied colors of the Lantana flowers resemble horse tassels, and its round fruit is reminiscent of the pills ancient people made, thus giving it its name.

Lantana is originally from the tropical regions of the Americas and is commonly found at altitudes of 80 to 1500 meters on sandy beaches and open areas. It thrives in high-temperature, high-humidity environments and is drought, heat, and barren soil tolerant.

However, its cold resistance is relatively low. Reproduction methods include seeding and stem cuttings.

Lantana can be used as a natural dye source. It also has repelling or deterrent effects on various insects, making it a potential ingredient for botanical insect repellents.

With its long blooming period and rich flower colors, Lantana can be used for street greening or as a potted ornament. However, it’s worth noting that Lantana is one of the top ten toxic weeds in the world.

Livestock such as cattle and sheep can be poisoned and even die if they consume Lantana leaves.

5. Late Water At The Corner

Late Water At The Corner

“Late Water At The Corner” is a variety of plum blossom belonging to the Rosaceae family, Prunus genus. It’s part of the genuine plum series in the plum blossom lineage, with a classification falling under the var. mume type, a palace-pink variety.

This type of plum blossom typically blooms from late February to early March. It has a strong propensity for double petals, with a single small flower having up to 45 petals. The fragrance emitted by the flower is delicate and elegant, making it a very rare variety of plum blossom.

This particular variety was discovered by Academician Chen Junyu in 1993 on the Plum Blossom Hill in Nanjing, China.

Several years later, in 1998, the International Society for Horticultural Science appointed Academician Chen as the authoritative registrar for plum varieties. This marked the first time a Chinese individual was given authority in plant variety registration on the international stage.

Furthermore, the word “Mei” (meaning plum in Chinese) was officially introduced to the international community using its Pinyin transliteration. “Late Water At The Corner” was the first variety he registered.

6. Lavandula Angustifolia

Lavandula Angustifolia

Lavandula Angustifolia, commonly known as Lavender, belongs to the Lamiaceae family and is a semi-shrub or dwarf shrub. It branches out and is covered in stellate tomentum. The leaves are linear or linear-lanceolate.

Leaves on flowering stems are larger and spaced out, while those on newer branches are smaller and cluster together. The base of the leaf gradually narrows into a very short stalk. The margins of the leaves are entire and rolled outward, with the central vein prominently raised on the underside.

The wheel-shaped inflorescences have many flowers that cluster at the top of the branches forming interrupted or nearly continuous spike-like arrangements. The blue flowers are covered in gray, branching or unbranched tomentum.

The calyx is ovate-tubular or almost tubular, while the corolla is roughly twice the length of the calyx. The plant blooms in June and has a slight woody, sweet aroma.

Lavender is native to the Mediterranean coast, various parts of Europe, and the Oceanic islands. It was later widely cultivated in the UK and Yugoslavia. Lavender is renowned for its elegant and beautiful leaf shapes and flower colors.

The long and graceful blue-purple inflorescences make it a new variety of perennial cold-resistant flowers suitable for gardens. It’s suitable for planting in flower beds, clusters, or in lines, and can also be potted for decorative purposes.

7. Lavanda de hoja estrecha

Lavanda de hoja estrecha

The Narrow-leaf Lavender, scientifically referred to as “Lavanda de hoja estrecha,” is a perennial herb or small shrub from the mint family that can grow up to 40 cm in height. It is bushy with many branches and is aromatic throughout.

The spike-shaped flower clusters bloom on top, with small blue-violet flowers. Its leaves are alternate, narrowly elongated with shallow feathery splits, and are gray-green in color with a fine texture. The flowering period is from June to August.

Native to the Mediterranean region, the Narrow-leaf Lavender loves sunlight, is heat and cold-resistant, and can tolerate drought and infertile soils.

It dislikes waterlogging and humidity, preferring well-draining soil. Common propagation methods include seeding, dividing the plant, or taking cuttings.

The essential oil extracted from the whole Narrow-leaf Lavender plant has medicinal qualities.

It is known for its cooling and detoxifying effects, and can relieve itching. It’s used to treat symptoms like headaches, dizziness, depression, insomnia, mouth and tongue ulcers, sore throat, burns from hot liquids or objects, measles, and scabies.

The oil can also be used for making tea or for bathing.

8. Lavandula Sidcot

Sidcot Lavender, scientifically known as “Lavandula Sidcot,” is an evergreen shrub with an extremely fragrant scent. It’s edible and is often the centerpiece in many postcards due to its straight flower spikes and its iconic lavender color.

The leaves are narrow, long, and green, while the flowers are spike-shaped, light purple, and highly aromatic.

Sidcot Lavender is the most widely cultivated potted plant globally. It thrives in cool, sunlit environments and avoids high temperatures and humidity.

The planting bed should contain limestone, be loosely packed, dry, and have good drainage. The flowers and leaves can be distilled into essential oils.

The flowers enhance jam flavors and are also suitable for pastries and herbal teas, offering stress-relieving properties, easing headaches, and freshening breath. The lavender is also useful for bathing and skincare due to its astringent effects.

9. Lavandula Lanata

Lavandula Lanata

Lavandula Lanata, also known as Woolly Lavender, belongs to the mint family and is a semi-hardy aromatic plant. Its leaves are white and covered with fine hairs, and its flowers are a vibrant purple.

This particular lavender variety hails from the southern mountainous regions of Spain and stands out as a distinctly charming species.

Although it thrives in high-altitude mountains, it doesn’t consistently show reliable hardiness when planted in areas with humid winter climates. This could be due to its densely woolly, gray-white leaves which easily absorb moisture from the air.

In the fall, the dry leaves of the Woolly Lavender are almost white under sunlight, with slender flower spikes bearing deep purple, small, and abundant blossoms.

10. Lavandula Munstead

Lavandula Munstead

Lavandula Munstead, or Munstead Lavender, is an evergreen shrub with a relatively low stature. It’s an early variety of lavender and the second best-selling lavender variety in the UK.

The leaves of Munstead Lavender are narrow and green, while its flowers are spiky and purple, with the entire plant exuding a rich fragrance. It’s suitable for both pot planting and garden cultivation, enjoying a good market value internationally.

Its petals are pale purple, the leaves are grayish-green, and the flower spikes are larger, reaching a height of up to 45cm.

With a very intense fragrance, its main blooming season is from April to May, and it prefers a cool growing environment. It’s quite popular in the US.

11. Lavandula Pinnata

Lavandula Pinnata

Lavandula Pinnata, or Feathered Lavender, is a shrub that belongs to the mint family and grows between 30-100 cm in height. Its leaves are bi-pinnately lobed, opposite, and grayish-green in color.

The plant has a spreading habit, with deep purple tubular flowers marked with deep-colored streaks. The flowers have two lips, with the upper lip more developed than the lower.

While the leaves are fragrant, the flowers are not. It blooms year-round, but its primary blooming period is from November to the following May or June, going dormant during extremely hot summers.

Native to the Canary Islands, it loves full sunlight but needs shade in the summer. It’s relatively heat-tolerant and requires good drainage and ample sunlight. It’s semi-hardy.

Feathered Lavender is an excellent choice for landscape arrangements, suitable for tree and shrub underplanting, transitional zones in lawns, roadsides, and garden squares. Its presence in flower beds, flower belts, and flower clusters offers a delightful visual appeal.

12. Leontopodium Leontopodioides

Leontopodium Leontopodioides

Leontopodium Leontopodioides, commonly known as Edelweiss, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Asteraceae family. It possesses a robust underground stem, short sheathed leaves, and numerous flower stalks similar in shape to the root shoots. It lacks a basal rosette of leaves.

The stem stands upright, ranging from 5 to 45 cm in height, and is covered with long, soft hairs. Its erect leaves are either linear or lanceolate in shape, sheath-less, stalk-less, and covered in white dense woolly hairs.

A few bracts are present, either rectangular or linear, covered with white or gray-white thick hairs, which may form a loose cluster or are not arranged in whorls. The flower heads are large, with 3-7 closely packed together, with some on a common stalk resembling a bunch.

The white pappus hairs have a yellow base. The achene may have a nipple-like projection or dense, coarse hairs. It blooms and bears fruit from July to October.

Native to the high-altitude regions of Europe and South America, Edelweiss is also found in Mongolia, North Korea, Japan, Russia, and China. It commonly grows in altitudes from 100 to 3200 meters in arid grasslands, loess slopes, gravelly areas, and mountain meadows, occasionally in moist areas.

Preferring sunlight, it is cold-tolerant, drought-resistant, and thrives in poor soils, slightly tolerating wet conditions.

Edelweiss is a beautiful alpine flower, suitable for rock gardens, pot cultivation, or as dried flowers for decoration.

Its above-ground parts are used medicinally to reduce fever, cool the blood, promote urination, and treat epidemic colds, acute and chronic nephritis, urethritis, and urinary infections. The whole plant is effective in treating proteinuria and hematuria.

13. Leptospermum Scoparium

Leptospermum Scoparium

Leptospermum Scoparium, known as Manuka or Tea Tree, is a small shrub of the Myrtaceae family. It is densely branched with reddish-brown, slender stems.

New shoots are usually covered in downy hair. Its leaves are opposite, linear or lanceolate in shape. Flowers can be either single or double-petaled, coming in various colors including red, pink, peach-red, and white.

Its fruit is leathery, splitting open when mature. Its blooming season extends from late autumn to the end of spring. Because its flowers resemble plum blossoms from a distance and its leaves resemble pine needles, it is commonly called “Pine Red Plum” in some regions.

Originally from New Zealand and Australia, Manuka has spread to countries like Malaysia and Indonesia. The plant thrives in warm, moist conditions with abundant sunlight.

It’s not very cold-resistant. It isn’t particularly picky about soil conditions but grows best in loose, well-draining acidic soil rich in organic matter. Manuka propagates via cuttings, layering, or seeding.

Medicinally, the Manuka plant offers certain benefits. The extracted essential oil has potent antimicrobial properties, fighting fungi and viruses, and is also used to treat various respiratory diseases.

The double blossoms of Manuka resemble peonies, hence it’s sometimes called “Pine Leaf Peony.” In floriography, Manuka symbolizes victory, determination, and promotion.

14. Leucanthemum Maximum

Leucanthemum Maximum

Leucanthemum Maximum (Max Chrysanthemum) belongs to the Asteraceae family and is a perennial or biennial herbaceous plant. It can grow up to 70 cm tall and is smooth and hairless throughout. The stem is upright and hairy, with alternate leaves that are elongated and lanceolate.

The leaves have a rounded tip and a gradually narrowing base. It produces head-shaped flower clusters, with each head sitting atop a stalk.

The ray flowers are white, and the involucral bracts are broadly oval with blunt tips. This plant flowers and fruits from July to September.

It is originally from Europe and has been introduced for cultivation in China. It prefers sunlight and is not particular about the type of soil it grows in – it can thrive in garden soil, sandy loam, slightly alkaline, or slightly acidic soils.

Due to its elegant flower color and its expanded, attractive flower shape, along with a blooming period that lasts for about five months, it is highly valued for ornamental purposes.

15. Ligustrum Sinense

Ligustrum Sinense

Ligustrum Sinense (Chinese Privet) is a deciduous shrub or small tree from the Oleaceae family, growing 2-4 meters in height, occasionally reaching up to 7 meters. Its twigs are cylindrical, initially covered with pale yellow short soft hairs or down, but become almost hairless with age.

The leaves are papery to thinly leathery, varying in shape from ovate to elongated oval to linear-ovate. Its flowers are in a conical inflorescence, either terminal or axillary, with dimensions of 4-11 cm in length and 3-8 cm in width.

It bears nearly spherical fruits, with a diameter of 5-8 mm. It flowers from March to June and fruits from September to December.

The Chinese Privet is native to China and Vietnam. It is typically found on hillsides, mountain valleys, and roadsides, within dense forests, sparse woods, or mixed woodlands at altitudes ranging from 200 to 2600 meters.

The fruit can be used to brew alcohol, seeds can be pressed for oil for soap-making, and the bark and leaves have medicinal properties known for reducing heat, inflammation, and treating conditions like blood in vomit, toothaches, mouth sores, and sore throats.

It’s commonly cultivated as a hedge in various regions.

16. Lilium Akkusianum

Lilium Akkusianum

Lilium Akkusianum grows between 80-140 cm in height, and can even reach up to 180 cm. The bulb is egg-shaped to broad elliptical, measuring about 60 mm in height and 55 mm in width. It has several scales that are loosely arranged, ranging from narrow ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate.

The leaves are alternate around the stem, linear-lanceolate, measuring about 21 cm in length and 3.5 cm in width, with woolly hairs on the margins and base.

The flowers are bell-shaped, measuring up to 6 cm in length and 10 cm in diameter, and emit a scent reminiscent of lemon soap.

The petals are spoon-shaped and curl backwards. The base flower color ranges from ivory to pale yellow with fine purple spots and a yellow throat. Sometimes, it appears purple.

The Lilium Akkusianum is endemic to Turkey, found only in a few small areas on the forest edges near the city of Akkus in southeastern Turkey. It grows at altitudes between 1100-1500 meters in beech forests, forest edges, meadows, and hedges.

17. Lilium Distichum Nakai

Lilium Distichum Nakai

Lilium Distichum Nakai is a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the Liliaceae family. Its bulb is ovate with lanceolate, white scales that are segmented.

The leaves, which are hairless, grow in the middle part of the stem and are sparsely arranged. They have an inverted ovate-lanceolate or elongated ovate-lanceolate shape. The flowers are arranged in a cymose inflorescence with bracts that are leaf-like.

These flowers are pale orange-red with purple-red spots. The tepals (combined petals and sepals) curl backwards, and there are no papillary protrusions on either side of the nectar glands. It has hairless filaments and linear anthers.

The style is twice the length of the ovary, with a spherical stigma. The fruit is an inverted ovate shape. It flowers from July to August and fruits in September.

This lily is found in Jilin and Liaoning provinces in China. It thrives under forests on slopes, forest edges, roadside, or beside streams at altitudes between 200-1800 meters. It prefers fertile, well-draining sandy loam soil. Propagation is mainly through bulb division, but seeds can also be used.

The bulb of Lilium Distichum Nakai is neutral in nature and sweet in taste. It has medicinal properties that nourish yin, moisten the lungs, relieve coughs, reduce phlegm, calm the heart, and soothe the mind. The bulb also contains starch, which can be consumed or used for brewing.

Due to its unique form and robust, attractive posture, it is an excellent choice for landscaping. It can be cultivated under forests, amidst shrubs, or be a centerpiece in flower beds.

18. Lilium Lancifolium

Lilium Lancifolium

Lilium Lancifolium, often referred to for its fiery red petals that curl back as “Tiger Lily”, is a perennial bulbous plant of the Liliaceae family. Its bulb is broad ovate-flattened spheroid with broad ovate scales.

The stem often has purple stripes and white hairs. Its leaves are elongated ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, nearly hairless on both surfaces, with papillary protrusions on the margins.

Upper leaves have bulbils in their axils. The flowers have bracts that are leaf-like and ovate-lanceolate. The tepals curl backward and are orange-red with purple-black spots. The ovary is cylindrical. It produces an elongated ovate fruit and flowers between July and August.

Lilium Lancifolium is native to China, Japan, and Korea. It enjoys light, cool, and dry environments. It’s cold-resistant but can’t tolerate too much heat or moisture.

It prefers to grow in clayey soils and is often found under shrubs, in meadows, along roadsides, or near water at altitudes ranging from 400-2500 meters. Propagation is mainly through bulb division, but bulbils can also be used.

The bulb of Lilium Lancifolium is mildly bitter, neutral in properties, and has medicinal values. It nourishes yin, moisturizes the lungs, calms the heart, and soothes the mind.

It’s used to treat symptoms like chronic coughs due to yin deficiency, blood in phlegm, restlessness, insomnia, frequent dreaming, and absent-mindedness.

The bulb, rich in starch, is also edible. Additionally, the flower contains aromatic oils that can be used as fragrances.

19. Lilium Longiflorum

Lilium Longiflorum

Lilium Longiflorum, commonly known as the Easter Lily, is a perennial bulbous herbaceous plant of the Liliaceae family. Its bulb is nearly spherical, with white scales. The stem is green, ranging from 45-90 cm in height, with a pale red base.

The leaves are sparsely arranged, lanceolate or rectangular-lanceolate in shape, tapering at the tips and hairless on both sides. The flowers, which are trumpet-shaped and white with a slight green tint outside the tube, can be solitary or in groups of 2-3.

The fruit is rectangular in shape. The flowering period is from June to July, and the fruiting period is from August to September.

Originally from the Ryukyu Islands of Japan, Lilium Longiflorum enjoys sunlight and warmth but is not cold-resistant.

The ideal soil for its cultivation is a deep, fertile, humus-rich, well-draining acidic sandy loam. It’s best not to plant it in heavy clay or alkaline soils. Propagation methods include bulb division, scale cuttings, seeding, and tissue culture.

Both the bulb and flowers of Lilium Longiflorum have medicinal uses. They’re cool in nature with a taste that’s sweet and slightly bitter.

They have properties to clear heat and toxins, moisten the lungs, and alleviate coughs, making them useful for treating symptoms like coughs due to wind-heat and blood in urine.

Apart from its medicinal properties, the Easter Lily is a popular ornamental flower. Its rich fragrance makes it an ingredient for perfumes and cosmetics.

Due to its flowering period coinciding with Easter, it’s commonly referred to as the “Easter Lily” in Western countries.

20. Lilium Pumilum

Lilium Pumilum

Lilium Pumilum, also known as the Coral Lily, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Liliaceae family. Its bulb is either ovate or conical, with long oval or long ovate white scales.

The leaves, which are linear in shape with papillary protrusions along the edges, are sparsely arranged around the middle of the stem. The bright red flowers, often without spots, have tepals that curl backward.

Papillary protrusions are present on either side of the nectar glands. The fruit is elongated oval. It flowers from July to August and fruits between September and October.

Lilium Pumilum is widely distributed across China and is also found in countries such as Russia, North Korea, and Mongolia. It prefers a mild and moist climate and is tolerant to cold, drought, poor soil, and saline-alkali conditions.

It grows best in organically rich, loose, fertile, well-draining slightly acidic soils or sandy loam, usually found on slopes, grasslands, or forest edges at altitudes between 400-2600 meters.

Lilium Pumilum is listed as “Least Concern” (LC) on the IUCN Red List. Common propagation methods include bulb division and scale cuttings.

Medicinally, the Coral Lily is used to moisten the lungs, alleviate coughs, clear heat, and soothe the mind. It’s effective in treating symptoms like chronic cough due to weakness, coughing up blood, restlessness, shock, and edema.

The bulb of Lilium Pumilum is rich in starch, proteins, and inorganic salts, offering good nourishing properties. It can be used to add color to food.

The flower also contains essential oils which can be extracted for use as fragrances. The flower symbolizes perseverance in struggle and is considered a symbol of beauty and happiness.

21. Lilium Speciosum

Lilium Speciosum

Lilium Speciosum, commonly known as “Phantom Lily” or “Medicinal Lily,” belongs to the lily family. It has lanceolate white scales, and its stem stands tall between 60-120 cm. Its leaves are scattered, varying in shapes such as broad lanceolate, rectangular-lanceolate, or ovate-lanceolate.

It usually bears 1-5 flowers arranged in a racemose or nearly umbellate sequence. The flowers droop downwards with reflexed tepals that have wavy edges. These are primarily white but feature reddish-purple patches and spots on their lower 1/2 to 1/3.

Its fruit is nearly spherical in shape, light brown in color, and when mature, its fruit stalk swells. The flowering period is from July to August, with the fruiting period in October.

Lilium Speciosum prefers cool, moist conditions, is shade-tolerant and cold-resistant. It dislikes drought and excessive heat, and it thrives best at temperatures ranging from 15 to 25°C. It prefers fertile soil rich in humus, deep layers, and good drainage with slightly acidic conditions.

Clayey soil is least preferred. The Medicinal Lily is commonly found in damp forests and grassy slopes at altitudes between 650-900 meters.

22. Lilium Tigrinum

Lilium Tigrinum

Lilium Tigrinum is also a member of the lily family. Its underground stem, or rhizome, is a bulb that is expansive and white without any evident nodules. The stem often has purple stripes and is hairless.

Leaves are scattered, with the upper leaves typically smaller than the middle ones. These leaves are lanceolate with smooth edges and hairless, having shorter petioles. Its flowers are trumpet-shaped and fragrant, mostly white but with purple-brown on the back and lacking any spots.

The tips of the flowers bend but do not curl. The fruit is rectangular with edges and contains numerous seeds. It flowers and bears fruit from June to September.

Lilium Tigrinum grows in grassy slopes, sparse forests, near mountain streams, road edges, or near villages at altitudes between 300-920 meters. It’s highly adaptive, preferring cool, moist, semi-shady environments.

It can withstand cold conditions and belongs to the long-day plant category. Both sexual and asexual reproduction methods can be used for propagation, but in cultivation, scales, small bulbs, and bulbils are predominantly used.

In Chinese culture, the lily symbolizes a harmonious family and great love that spans a century. In Western Christian culture, the lily was originally yellow and was used to symbolize the purity of the Virgin Mary, later turning white.

Lilies are prized for their graceful appearance and verdant, delicate leaves, making them highly valued as ornamental plants. Fresh lily flowers contain aromatic oils suitable for fragrances. Their bulbs, rich in starch, are considered a delicacy and are also used medicinally.

They have properties that moisten the lungs, alleviate coughs, clear heat, calm the spirit, and promote urination. They also exhibit promising therapeutic effects against various cancers.

23. Lilium Tsingtauense

Lilium Tsingtauense

Lilium Tsingtauense (Qingdao Lily) is a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the lily family. It has a near-spherical bulb; its scales are lanceolate, white, and without nodes.

The leaves are arranged in whorls, varying in shapes such as rectangular-lanceolate, lanceolate to elliptical, sharp at the tips and broad wedge-shaped at the base. They have short stems and are hairless on both sides. The bracts are leaf-like and lanceolate.

Flowers are either orange-yellow or orange-red, with purplish-red spots. The tepals are elliptically long, and the nectary glands on either side lack papillary protrusions. The filaments are hairless and the anthers are orange-yellow. The ovary is cylindrical. It blooms in June and fruits in August.

The Qingdao Lily is native to Shandong and Anhui provinces in China and is also found in North Korea. It thrives on sunny mountain slopes within mixed forests or tall grassy areas at altitudes ranging from 100-400 meters.

It is robust, extremely cold-resistant, and not choosy about soil conditions. It can be planted everywhere except in especially dry environments. Reproduction is mainly through seeding.

The bulb of the Qingdao Lily is nutritious and can be consumed as a vegetable. It’s also used medicinally with properties to moisturize the lungs, suppress coughs, and calm the heart and mind. It’s primarily used to treat lung diseases, coughing up blood, and symptoms like restlessness and palpitations.

The Qingdao Lily is suitable for under-forest cultivation, open spaces, next to rocks, and on the edges of grassy areas, either in patches or clumps.

24. Lirianthe Coco

Lirianthe Coco

Lirianthe Coco (Night Fragrant Magnolia) is an evergreen shrub or small tree belonging to the magnolia family. All parts of the plant are hairless; the bark is gray, with young branches being green. The leaves are leathery, coming in shapes such as elliptical, narrow elliptical, or ovate-elliptical.

The flower stalk droops downwards. The flowers are spherically rounded or ovate with a concave belly. The seeds are ovate with the inner seed coat being brown and having a lateral hole on the belly end. It blooms in the summer and bears fruit in the fall.

The Night Fragrant Magnolia is originally from China but is now widely cultivated in Southeast Asia, including Vietnam. It prefers shade and fertile soil. It thrives in warm, moist environments with partial sunlight and shade.

It prefers well-draining, fertile, slightly acidic sandy soil and dislikes calcareous soils. Propagation is mainly through layering, grafting, and cuttings.

In terms of ornamental value, the Night Fragrant Magnolia is cherished for its deep green, swaying branches and leaves. Its pure white flowers become more fragrant as night falls, making it a renowned ornamental tree long cultivated in South China gardens.

The Night Fragrant Magnolia contains new resins that are beneficial in treating liver damage, cancer, and headaches.

25. Liriodendron Chinense

Liriodendron Chinense

Liriodendron Chinense (Chinese Tulip Tree) belongs to the magnolia family. It is a tree that can grow up to 40 meters in height and can achieve a diameter at breast height (DBH) of over 1 meter. The small branches are either gray or grayish-brown.

The leaves resemble a horse’s saddle, ranging from 4-12 (up to 18) cm in length. Near the base, each leaf has one lobe on each side, with two shallow indentations at the tip. The underside of the leaf is pale, and the petiole is 4-8 (up to 16) cm long.

The flowers are cup-shaped with 9 tepals. The outer three are green, resembling sepals, and droop outwards, while the inner six are upright, resembling petals and are ovoid in shape. They’re about 3-4 cm long, green with yellow longitudinal stripes.

The aggregate fruit is 7-9 cm long, with winged nuts that are about 6 mm in length, having 1-2 seeds. The blooming period is in May, while the fruiting period is from September to October.

It is native to China and northern Vietnam and is cultivated in Taiwan. It grows in mountain forests at altitudes of 900-1,000 meters. The tree has a straight trunk and an umbrella-shaped crown. Its leaves have a unique, ancient aesthetic, making it a globally valued tree species.

26. Lobelia Erinus

Lobelia Erinus

Lobelia Erinus (often known as Edging Lobelia) belongs to the bellflower family and is a perennial herb or biennial herbaceous plant. It has densely branched, semi-trailing stems that sprawl on the ground.

Terminal racemes bear small flowers that are light blue or bluish-purple, with white or yellow throats. The leaves are alternate; those near the top of the stem are smaller and lanceolate, while those near the base are slightly larger and spoon-shaped. It blooms from April to June.

Originally from South Africa, Lobelia Erinus enjoys sunlight and thrives in cool, moist climates. It prefers soil rich in humus, loose, fertile, and well-draining.

It is cold-resistant but not heat-tolerant or shade-tolerant, growing best in temperatures between 15℃ to 26℃. Propagation is typically through seeds, but cuttings can also be used.

Lobelia Erinus has medicinal value, offering remedies for pain, swelling, wounds, and injuries from falls or blows. It is widely used with numerous varieties and produces a large number of flowers. It’s a commonly used plant in flowerbeds and gardens.

Whether planted as a single variety or mixed with others, it always delivers pleasing results. It’s frequently used in hanging pots to create a three-dimensional landscape.

27. Lobularia Maritima

Lobularia Maritima

Lobularia Maritima (Sweet Alyssum): A herbaceous plant from the Brassicaceae family that stands 15-30 cm tall. The plant is short and highly branched; the stem branches from the base upwards. The leaves are lanceolate or linear; the inflorescence is umbellate with small fragrant flowers.

The petals can be pale purple or white, while the fruit is short, elliptical, and either hairless or sparsely haired. When grown in greenhouses, it blooms from March to April, and when grown outdoors, from June to July.

The plant gets its name “Sweet Alyssum” (or “fragrant snowball” when directly translated from Chinese) because its white flowers resemble snow.

Sweet Alyssum originates from the Mediterranean coasts of Europe and areas in West Asia. The plant is robust and can endure light frost. It prefers cool climates and dislikes heat, enjoys sunlight but can tolerate shade, and thrives in loose, dry, and lean soil.

The primary method of propagation is by seeds. Its unique fragrance repels insects, and it serves as a good nectar source.

With its small stature, thick foliage, snowball-like flowers, and captivating fragrance, it is popularly adored by many. It is ideal for garden arrangements, potted displays, and is an excellent outdoor flower for winters. Its symbolic meaning is “elegance.”

28. Lonicera Japonica

Lonicera Japonica

Lonicera Japonica (Japanese Honeysuckle): A semi-evergreen twining vine in the Caprifoliaceae family. Young branches are orange-reddish-brown and often covered with coarse, tough hairs. Its leaves are generally lanceolate or ovate, with rough velvety margins.

The top surface is dark green, while the bottom is pale green. Large flower buds open into egg-shaped or oval petals, which are short and downy. The corolla is white. Its fruits are spherical and turn bluish-black when ripe, with a shiny surface.

The flowering period is from April to June, and the fruiting period is from October to November. The plant gets its name “Honeysuckle” because it remains green and doesn’t wither in winter.

Japanese Honeysuckle is native to China and is also found in Japan and Korea. In North America, it’s considered an invasive weed.

The plant has a high adaptability, tolerates a wide range of temperatures, loves moisture, and thrives in wet conditions. It prefers moist soil, dim light, and rainy environments, growing slower in bright sunlight. Propagation is primarily through seeds and cuttings.

29. Lonicera Maackii

Lonicera Maackii

Lonicera Maackii (Amur Honeysuckle): It’s a perennial deciduous shrub from the Caprifoliaceae family. The stem has a large diameter and is quite straight.

The young branches, flower buds, and the external parts of the stem and leaves are covered with fine hairs. The leaves are quite hard and vary greatly in shape, generally being oval or ovate-lanceolate.

The leaf tips taper to a point, and the base is rounded. The flower buds are small and round, with the overall flower stalk being shorter than the leaf stalk. The fruit is a dark red and spherical in shape.

The flowering period is from May to June, and the fruiting period is from August to October.

The name “Golden-Silver” refers to the color of the flowers: they start off white, resembling silver, and turn yellow as they begin to wither, resembling gold. As the name “Honeysuckle” suggests, it’s cold-resistant.

Amur Honeysuckle is native to China, but it’s also found in Korea, Japan, and the Far East regions of Russia. It prefers direct sunlight and warm environments but is also frost-tolerant.

It isn’t very demanding in terms of soil and typically grows at the edge of forests or near streams. The main methods of propagation include seeding, cutting, division, and layering.

Amur Honeysuckle can dispel wind, clear heat, and detoxify. Its leaves have antibacterial properties against Bacillus subtilis, the bark can be used to make rayon, the flowers can be used to extract aromatic oils, and oil pressed from the seeds can be used to make soap.

The symbolic meanings of Honeysuckle include mutual companionship, wealth and prosperity, and courage and resilience.

30. Loropetalum Chinense

Loropetalum Chinense

Loropetalum Chinense (Chinese Fringe Flower): Also known as Red Fringe Flower, Red Loropetalum, and several other regional names, it belongs to the witch-hazel family (Hamamelidaceae) and is a variant of the Loropetalum genus. It’s an evergreen shrub or small tree.

The bark is dark gray or light gray-brown with many branches. Young branches are reddish-brown and densely covered with stellate hairs. The leaves are leathery and alternate, ovate or elliptical, 2-5 cm long, with an asymmetric base and both surfaces covered in stellate hairs.

The leaf surface is dark red, and the back is slightly gray. It has 4 linear petals, 1-2 cm long, that are purplish-red. The flowers, which bloom from April to May, are grouped in clusters of 3-8 at the ends of twigs.

The flowering period is long, about 30-40 days, and it can bloom again around the National Day. The fruit ripens in August. The flowers, roots, and leaves of the plant can be used medicinally.

31. Loropetalum Chinense

Loropetalum Chinense

Loropetalum Chinense: Belongs to the Hamamelidaceae family and the Loropetalum genus. It’s a shrub or small tree that branches out extensively. The twigs are covered with stellate (star-shaped) hairs.

Its leaf stalks are 2-5 millimeters long and have stellate hairs; the tip of the leaf blade is sharp, with a blunt base that is asymmetrical. The plant produces clusters of 3-8 flowers, each with a short stalk.

These flowers are white and bloom before the new leaves or at the same time as the young leaves. The fruit is ovate and measures 7-8 millimeters in length and 6-7 millimeters in width.

The seeds are ovate, 4-5 millimeters long, black, and shiny. The flowering period is from March to April.

The plant is found in China, Japan, and India. It prefers sun-facing hills and mountains, and it can often be seen under Masson’s pine and fir forests. It is a common shrub, but it is not found south of the Tropic of Cancer.

Loropetalum Chinense has medicinal properties. Its leaves can be used to stop bleeding, and both the roots and leaves are used for bruises and injuries, as they have the ability to remove stasis and promote regeneration.

32. Loropetalum Subcordatum

Loropetalum Subcordatum

Loropetalum Subcordatum: Also belongs to the Hamamelidaceae family, it is an evergreen shrub or small tree that can grow up to 12 meters tall. The twigs are hairless, the leaves are leathery, and the leaf blades are ovate or elliptical.

The top is dark green and shiny, while the bottom is smooth and hairless. The stipules are lanceolate and covered with stellate hairs. It produces head-shaped axillary inflorescences with linear bracts.

The flowers are bisexual, with the calyx teeth being rectangular-ovate, and the petals being strap-shaped and white. The stamens are extremely short, with ovate anthers; the ovary has stellate hairs. The fruit is nearly spherical, and the seeds are elongated-ovate.

Loropetalum Subcordatum is found in coastal Guangdong and Longzhou in Guangxi, China. It is a rare species in China. It grows in fertile reddish-brown soil rich in humus. It’s a small tree found in tropical and subtropical forests and has a certain degree of shade tolerance.

33. Lupinus Micranthus

Lupinus Micranthus

Lupinus Micranthus: This is an annual herbaceous plant that can grow up to 70 centimeters in height. The base of the stem branches out and has palmately compound leaves, with the leaflets being lanceolate to inversely lanceolate. The leaves are thick.

The inflorescence is terminal and racemose with a slender axis, and the flowers have very short stalks. The calyx is two-lipped and covered with stiff hairs. The corolla is blue, with the standard and keel petals marked with white stripes.

The pods are elongated and linear, and the seeds are ovate, flat, mottled, and smooth. The plant blooms from March to May and bears fruit from April to July.

It is native to the Mediterranean region. It is often found in temperate areas with sandy soil. There are many horticultural varieties. Commonly known as “Lupine” or “Bluebonnet,” the inflorescence is upright and abundant, with brightly colored flowers that can be white, red, blue, purple, etc.

They have a long flowering period and are ideal for planting in patches or in belt flower beds. They are also great for cut flower production.

34. Lupinus Polyphyllus

Lupinus Polyphyllus

Lupinus Polyphyllus: This is a perennial herbaceous plant from the legume family and the lupine genus. The stem is upright and branches out in tufts. The entire plant is either hairless or has sparse soft hairs on the upper parts.

The petioles of the leaves are much longer than the leaflets. The leaflets are elliptical to inversely lanceolate, with tips ranging from blunt to sharply pointed. The upper side is usually hairless, while the underside is somewhat covered with appressed hairs.

The racemose inflorescence is much longer than the compound leaves, and the flowers are dense and alternate. The bracts are ovate-lanceolate, hairy, and fall off early. The pods are elongated, densely covered with silky hairs.

The seeds are ovate, gray-brown with deep brown markings, and smooth. The plant blooms from June to August and bears fruit from July to October.

Lupinus Polyphyllus is native to the western United States. It prefers cool, sunlit environments and moist conditions. It is not heat-tolerant. It isn’t particularly picky about the soil but prefers loose, fertile loam. Propagation is typically done by seeding.

The inflorescence of Lupinus Polyphyllus is large, with densely packed and vibrant flowers. It can be used as an ornamental potted plant, for cut flowers, or placed in vases or water containers. It has a prolonged flowering period.

35. Lychnis Coronata

Lychnis Coronata

Lychnis Coronata: This plant belongs to the Caryophyllaceae family and the Silene genus. It’s a perennial herb that grows between 50-90 cm tall and is nearly hairless throughout. The roots are clustered, finely cylindrical, yellow-white, and somewhat fleshy.

Stems grow singly or occasionally in sparse clusters and stand upright. The leaves are elliptical to inversely lanceolate or ovate to inversely lanceolate. The dichotomous corymb usually has several flowers; each flower is 4-5 cm in diameter with very short stalks, sparsely covered with short soft hairs.

The capsules are long-oval, about 20 mm in length, and seeds have not been observed. It blooms from June to July and fruits from August to September.

Lychnis Coronata is native to China and is also cultivated in Japan. It grows under sparse forests or in shrub grasslands. It is one of China’s traditional flowers. It blooms in early summer with vibrant and multicolored flowers that continue to bloom into autumn.

It’s an excellent choice for gardens, flowerbeds, and landscape beautification. It can also be grown in pots or used as cut flowers.

36. Lycoris Aurea

Lycoris Aurea

Lycoris Aurea: This is a perennial herbaceous plant from the Amaryllidaceae family and Lycoris genus. It has ovate bulbs; sword-shaped leaves that narrow at the base and taper at the tip with a distinct pale band in the middle; lanceolate spathe; and an umbellate inflorescence with yellow flowers.

The back of the tepals has a pale green midrib and is inversely lanceolate. The filaments are yellow, and the upper part of the column is rose-red.

The capsules have three edges and dehisce dorsally. The seeds are nearly spherical and black. It blooms from August to September and fruits in October.

Lycoris Aurea is native to China and is also found in Japan, Myanmar, and other countries. It often grows on damp, shaded hillsides.

It prefers a semi-shaded, moist environment, is cold-tolerant, drought-resistant, and thrives in sandy loam soil rich in organic matter. Propagation is usually done by dividing bulbs.

The bulbs of Lycoris Aurea are used medicinally, having a spicy and sweet flavor, cold in nature, and are toxic.

They have properties that moisturize the lungs, stop coughs, detoxify, and reduce swelling. They can be used to treat symptoms like coughing due to lung heat, coughing up blood, yin deficiency fever, urinary difficulties, abscesses, and sores.

Due to its adaptability and vibrant flowers, it can be arranged in flower beds, landscapes, lawns, or even planted under sparse forests as ground cover. It can also be used as a cut flower.

37. Lycoris Radiata

Lycoris Radiata

Lycoris Radiata: Also known as the Red Spider Lily, it is a perennial herbaceous plant from the Amaryllidaceae family and Lycoris genus.

The underground bulb is ovate, with a purple-brown outer skin. The leaves are linear or narrowly strap-shaped, with a pale green band in the center.

The flower stalk emerges before the leaves. The flowers are red, with a funnel-shaped perianth that fuses at the base to form a tube. The tube of the perianth is short, with scales at the throat, and the segments are narrowly inverted lanceolate with wrinkled edges.

The pistil is slender, longer than the stamens, with a very small stigma. Both stamens and pistil radiate outwards beyond the perianth. It blooms between August and September.

The name “Lycoris Radiata” is given due to its bulb resembling garlic and its preference for growing in moist stone crevices by streams.

Lycoris Radiata is native to China. It prefers semi-shade, can tolerate sun exposure, cold, and drought. It thrives in a moist environment and in loose, fertile, well-drained sandy soil.

It can also survive in calcareous soil but doesn’t like waterlogging. The common method of propagation for this plant is by bulb division.

The flower of Lycoris Radiata is vibrant and elegantly shaped, making it suitable for garden ground cover. The bulb contains various alkaloids, is toxic, but can be used medicinally with emetic properties.

It’s often called the “magic flower” because it blooms without accompanying leaves, suddenly sprouting from the ground. Especially when it blooms in patches, the beauty of the flower stands out, which has earned it the nickname “a thunderclap on flat ground.”

38. Lysichiton Americanushultén

Lysichiton Americanushultén

Lysichiton Americanushultén: Also known as Western Skunk Cabbage or Yellow Skunk Cabbage, this plant grows in swamps and damp forests and is found in the wet areas of the Pacific Northwest of the United States.

A distinguishing feature is the pungent odor it emits, which permeates the area where it grows. Even when dried and made into specimens, this smell remains.

This odor attracts its pollinators, such as flies or bees that are foraging. It is native to areas ranging from Kodiak Island, Cook Inlet, southern Alaska to northern California, and the city of Santa Cruz.

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