25 Flowers That Start With G

1. Gaillardia Pulchella

Gaillardia Pulchella

Gaillardia pulchella (Indian Blanketflower): Gaillardia pulchella, a member of the Asteraceae family and Gaillardia genus, is an annual herbaceous plant that grows 20-60 cm tall. It has multiple branches covered in soft hairs.

Leaves are alternate, ranging from elliptic to lanceolate or spatulate, either whole or with feather-like lobes at the base. The head-like inflorescences are terminal on long stems.

The ray flowers are yellow with a brownish-purple base and have 2-3 teeth at the tips. It flowers and fruits from July to October.

Native to the western part of North America, this plant is drought and heat-resistant but intolerant to cold. It thrives in sunlight but can also tolerate partial shade. It prefers well-draining, loose soil and is mainly propagated by seeds.

Due to its robust nature, tolerance to drought and high temperatures, Gaillardia pulchella is used for desert greening and soil conservation.

Medically, the plant contains gaillardia lactone, which has anticancer properties. In some traditional agricultural areas, its burning is used as a method to repel mosquitoes at night.

The flower symbolizes unity and collaboration. It is the county flower of Penghu County in Taiwan and the state flower of Oklahoma in the USA.

2. Gardenia Jasminoides

Gardenia Jasminoides

Gardenia Jasminoides: Gardenia Jasminoides, a member of the Rubiaceae family and the Gardenia genus, is a shrub. Its young branches are often covered in short hairs, and its mature branches are cylindrical and gray.

The leaves are elliptic-lanceolate or ovate-elliptic in shape. Its aromatic flowers bloom individually at the tips of the branches. The fruits of the Gardenia Jasminoides can be ovate, nearly spherical, or elliptical, ranging in color from yellow to orange-red.

It bears numerous seeds, which are almost round with slight edges. The flowering period is from March to July, with the fruiting period extending from May of one year to February of the next.

Native to China, the Gardenia Jasminoides grows in open fields, hills, valleys, mountain slopes, and forests or shrubs by streams, between altitudes of 10 to 1500 meters.

The plant prefers loose, fertile, well-draining, slightly sticky, acidic soil. It can be propagated through seeds or cutting.

Medicinally, the Gardenia Jasminoides has properties that help reduce fever and irritation, clear heat and promote diuresis, and cool the blood to detoxify. It can treat conditions like eye inflammation, heartburn, and excessive stomach heat.

Additionally, Gardenia Jasminoides flowers can be used to make tea and can be mixed with flour and oil to create pastries.

3. Gardenia Jasminoides

Gardenia Jasminoides

The Large-flowered Gardenia, scientifically known as Gardenia Jasminoides, is an evergreen shrub or small tree from the madder family, genus Gardenia. The young branches are hairy. Its leaves are opposite and large.

Flowers bloom singularly at the tip of its branches, characterized by their large size and fragrant double white petals. The fruit can be oval, almost spherical, elliptical, or oblong, turning yellow to orange-red when ripe, with winged longitudinal ridges and persistent sepals.

Blooming occurs from March to July, while fruiting takes place from May to February of the following year. The Large-flowered Gardenia is a variety of Gardenia, and due to its large and double flowers, it’s aptly named.

Native to the southwestern part of China, the Large-flowered Gardenia prefers a warm and moist environment. It thrives in well-lit, well-ventilated locations but shies away from strong direct sunlight.

Acidic soil is ideal for its growth. Propagation is commonly done through cuttings and layering.

Medicinally, the fruit of the Large-flowered Gardenia is bitter and cold, mostly used for external applications on wounds. It has the properties to dispel heat toxins and is effective in treating sprains.

4. Gardenia Jasminoides Ellis

Gardenia Jasminoides

The Small-leaved Gardenia, also known as Gardenia Jasminoides Ellis, is an evergreen shrub or small tree from the madder family, genus Gardenia, reaching heights of up to 3 meters. Its leaves can be elliptic, obovate, or oblong with a pointed or slightly pointed tip.

Flowers, either white or creamy yellow, bloom singularly at the branch tips. The fruit, which can be oval, almost spherical, elliptical, or oblong, is yellow or orange-red.

It has numerous nearly round seeds, with flowering from March to July and fruiting from May to February of the subsequent year.

The Small-leaved Gardenia is found across many provinces in China and is also cultivated in countries like Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia.

Commonly seen in open fields, hills, valleys, mountain slopes, and along streams in shrubs or forests, it enjoys warm, moist conditions, ample sunlight, and a well-ventilated environment with high air temperatures.

Well-draining, fertile, and acidic soil suits it best. It’s typically propagated through cuttings, layering, dividing, or seeding.

Both the roots and leaves of the Small-leaved Gardenia have medicinal values, offering benefits like fever reduction, blood cooling, sedation, pain relief, and dispelling wind and dampness.

Externally, Gardenia fruit is used to treat traumatic bleeding, sprains, and bruises. The Small-leaved Gardenia symbolizes eternal love and commitment, embodying resilience and purity of essence.

5. Gardenia Jasminoides Radicans

Gardenia Jasminoides Radicans

The Gardenia Jasminoides Radicans, also known as Dwarf Gardenia, is an evergreen shrub from the Gardenia genus in the Rubiaceae family. Its leaves are lanceolate, glossy green, resembling the shape of a sparrow’s tongue.

Flowers bloom singularly at the tips of the branches, with a white corolla that’s butterfly-shaped, having lobes that are ovate or elliptical. The fruit varies from orange-yellow to orange-red and is egg-shaped.

The flowering season is from May to July, and fruiting is from August to November. It gets its name from its slender leaves, which are smaller than those of the common Gardenia, resembling a sparrow’s tongue.

Originally from China, this variety is also found in Japan.

The Dwarf Gardenia prefers sunlight but is not cold-hardy. It’s not particular about soil types and often grows wild on hillsides, valleys, streamside roads, and even in cracks between rocks. It can be propagated through seeding, cutting, and dividing.

Throughout the year, the Dwarf Gardenia maintains its rich green foliage. With pristine white flowers and a robust fragrance, it’s adaptive and grows rapidly.

It’s a popular ornamental plant used in gardens, by ponds, steps, or road sides, either clustered or as a standalone. It can also form color patches on green landscapes, making it aesthetically valuable.

6. Gardenia Jasminoides Variegata

Gardenia Jasminoides Variegata

The Gardenia Jasminoides Variegata is a variegated variety of the Gardenia, an evergreen shrub from the Rubiaceae family.

This shrub grows between 1 to 2 meters tall, with a gray stem and green twigs. Leaves, either paired or whorled in groups of three, are leathery, occasionally paper-like, entire, and are either ovate or almost rectangular in shape. They have a light yellow-green hue with green patches.

The flowers, known for their intense fragrance, bloom either on the branch tips or in the leaf axils and are white.

The Variegated Gardenia thrives under full sun, with optimal growth temperatures ranging from 18°C to 28°C. It prefers loose, well-draining, slightly acidic soil and enjoys moisture.

Its flowering season spans from March to July, while its fruiting season is from May to the following February. Propagation of this variety is typically through cutting and air layering.

7. Gardenia Jasminoieles Ellis

Gardenia Jasminoieles Ellis

The Gardenia Jasminoieles Ellis, commonly known as Bai Chan, is an evergreen shrub of the Rubiaceae family, specifically of the Gardenia genus. The plant grows up to 2 meters in height. Its leaves are either opposite or whorled in sets of three.

They are leathery, elliptical, or ovate-lanceolate, with entire margins. Stipules typically fuse to form a tubular structure surrounding the twig. The flowers are solitary, located at the ends of branches or in the leaf axils.

They are white and fragrant, with a green, tubular calyx and a raised corolla. The fruit is yellow, ranging from ovate to elongated elliptical in shape. It flowers from May to July and bears fruit from August to November.

Bai Chan is native to China and Japan and is widely cultivated in regions south of central China. It prefers sunlight but not direct exposure. It tolerates partial shade, enjoys warm and humid climates, and is somewhat resistant to both heat and cold.

The plant prefers fertile, loose soil that drains well and is slightly acidic. It dislikes alkaline soil but is drought-tolerant and has strong resistance to sulfur dioxide. It also tolerates pruning. Typical propagation methods include cuttings, layering, division, and seeding.

Both the root and leaves of Bai Chan have medicinal properties. They taste bitter and have a cooling nature. These parts possess heat-clearing, detoxifying, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic properties.

They can be used to treat infections, jaundice, nephritis edema, and injuries like bruises and sprains. The flower symbolizes strength, eternal love, lifelong commitment, and our love.

It is also associated with purity and elegance. Bai Chan is the official flower of Yueyang City in Hunan Province, China.

8. Gardenia Sootepensis Hutchins

Gardenia Sootepensis Hutchins

The Gardenia Sootepensis Hutchins, known as Da Huang Zhi Zi, is a tree of the Rubiaceae family and Gardenia genus. It grows between 7 to 10 meters in height and often secretes a gummy substance.

Its twigs frequently have distinct nodes, and the internodal spaces, less than 1 centimeter in length, are densely covered with short, soft hairs that eventually fall off.

The leaves are either papery or leathery, and they vary in shape from ovate, ovate-elliptical, broad elliptical, to oblong. The flowers are large, about 7 centimeters in diameter, fragrant, and usually solitary at the ends of the twigs.

The fruit is green, elliptical, or oblong, covered with soft hairs and often has 5-6 vertical ridges. It produces numerous seeds, which are nearly round, flat, and 3-4 millimeters in diameter, with a honeycomb pattern.

It flowers from April to August, and its fruiting season lasts from June to the following April.

This tree is found in Thailand, Laos, and China, specifically in Yunnan. It thrives at altitudes between 700 to 1600 meters on hillsides, near villages, or along streams.

According to field records, its mature fruits are edible. Dai women have traditionally used it for hair washing. The fruit is an indispensable herbal medicine in treating various ailments.

Additionally, it is an excellent source for extracting edible yellow and blue pigments.

The tree is suitable for planting on barren hills or slopes and serves as an ornamental plant that beautifies and enriches the environment. It plays a significant role in soil and water conservation.

9. Gardenia Stenophylla

Gardenia Stenophylla

Gardenia stenophylla, commonly known as the Narrow-leaved Gardenia, belongs to the madder family and is a type of shrub. It has thin, leathery leaves that are narrowly lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, tapering to a pointed tip and narrowing at the base.

The leaves often extend downward and are smooth on both sides, with membranous stipules. The fragrant flowers can be found either singly in the leaf axils or at the branch tips.

The fruit is oblong with longitudinal ridges and turns yellow or orange-red when mature, with persistent calyx lobes. It blooms from April to August and fruits from May to the following January.

Native to China, the Narrow-leaved Gardenia thrives at altitudes ranging from 90 to 800 meters in valleys, along streams, within forests, on shrubs, or in open areas beside rivers.

It is commonly found on rocks, preferring sunny and well-ventilated environments but should be protected from intense sunlight. For propagation, the gardenia can be grown through cuttings, layering, division, or seeding.

The plant of the Narrow-leaved Gardenia has a graceful form, evergreen leaves, and beautiful flowers, making it ideal for bonsai cultivation. Both its fruit and roots have medicinal properties, being used to cool the blood, reduce inflammation, and detoxify.

Biologists have also isolated various types of compounds from it, including cycloether fungi, monoglycosides, biglycosides, triglycosides, and flavonoids.

10. Gazania Rigens

Gazania Rigens

Gazania Rigens, known as the Gazania or Treasure Flower, is a perennial herbaceous plant from the aster family. It grows to a height of 30-40cm. The leaves, which are lanceolate and either entire or faintly feathered, are green on the surface and silvery-white on the underside.

The large flower heads often have purplish-black or violet spots at the base or dark stripes in the center. They bloom from late spring to summer and are named for their resemblance to medals.

Originally from South Africa, the Gazania has spread to cities like Shenyang, Jinzhou, and Chengde in China and is also found in places like Australia.

It prefers a warm, sunny environment, is sensitive to water, and is drought-resistant, heat-tolerant, and can thrive in poor soils. It enjoys cooler climates and also has some cold resistance. The typical methods for its propagation include seeding, cuttings, and division.

The Gazania boasts large, beautiful flowers suitable for planting at the edges of flower beds or lawns and can also be potted for balcony or windowsill decoration.

Often referred to as the “Medal Flower”, the term ‘medal’ symbolizes honor and power, aligning with the flower’s representation of radiance and glory.

11. Gentiana Dahurica

Gentiana Dahurica

Gentiana Dahurica, also known as Dahurian Gentian, is a perennial herbaceous plant from the Gentianaceae family. The plant can grow up to twenty-five centimeters tall, with branches growing in clusters.

The basal leaves are lanceolate or linear-oval, tapering to a pointed tip and narrowing at the base. The petioles are broad and flat, while the stem leaves are linear-lanceolate or linear.

The inflorescences can be found at the top or in the axils, with membranous calyx tubes that are yellow-green or tinged with purplish-red. They are unsplit, irregular, and linear in shape. The corolla is deep blue, sometimes with yellow spots in the throat.

The lobes are oval or elliptically oval, blunt-tipped, and have smooth margins. The capsules are hidden, lanceolate or linear, and lack stalks. The seeds have a fine reticulated pattern. It blooms in July and bears fruit from August to September.

Native to China, the Dahurian Gentian can be found growing at elevations ranging from 870 to 4500 meters in fields, along roadsides, riverbanks, sandy shores of lakes, beside ditches, on sunny slopes, and in dry grasslands.

It has a bitter and spicy taste and is considered neutral in nature. It is believed to dispel wind and dampness, reduce deficient heat, and relieve muscle pain. It can be used to treat tonsillitis, urticaria, anthrax, and rheumatoid arthritis.

12. Gentiana Rhodantha

Gentiana Rhodantha

Gentiana Rhodantha, commonly known as Red-flowered Gentian, is also a perennial herbaceous plant from the Gentianaceae family.

The stem can be solitary or clustered, and it often branches out towards the top. The leaves are oval, ovate, or egg-shaped, with the stem leaves being broad ovate or triangular-oval. Flowers grow singularly on the stem top, while the fruit is elongated oval.

The seeds have a netted pattern. The flowering and fruiting period stretches from October to the following February.

The Red-flowered Gentian is native to China and thrives in high mountain shrubs, grasslands, and beneath forests. It typically reproduces in the wild.

This plant has a bitter taste and is considered cold in nature. It is associated with the liver, gallbladder, lungs, and large intestine meridians.

It is mainly used for clearing heat, promoting diuresis, detoxification, suppressing coughs, treating damp-heat yellow pimples, red and swollen eyes, urinary problems, and external application for sores, burns, and scalds.

13. Gentiana Scabra Bunge

Gentiana Scabra Bunge

Gentiana Scabra Bunge, commonly referred to as the Gentian flower or sometimes the three-flowered gentian, is a significant component of traditional Tibetan medicine. In Tibetan pharmacopeia, it is named “Bangjian.”

According to the “Jingzhu Materia Medica,” this plant possesses therapeutic properties effective against toxic conditions and various febrile diseases. It’s often used to treat bronchitis, coughs, and smallpox.

The Gentian flower can be found in regions like mainland China, Russia, Japan, North Korea, and South Korea. It grows at altitudes ranging from 400 meters to 1,700 meters.

In China, there are over 240 species of the Gentian genus, with many found in the southwestern mountainous regions. Only a few species are found around Beijing and in the Qilian mountain area.

The plant is cold-resistant, sun-loving, can tolerate partial shade, and thrives in deep, fertile, and well-draining sandy soil. It grows between 30-60cm in height with an erect stem that doesn’t branch at the top.

Leaves are simple and opposite, without petioles. The base leaves are small, while the mid-upper leaves range from ovate to lanceolate. These leaves join the stem at their rounded bases. The flower is funnel-shaped, deep blue, and typically blooms between August and September.

The root and rhizome, known as “dragon’s gall,” are commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine for their heat-clearing and damp-drying properties.

14. Gerbera Jamesonii

Gerbera Jamesonii

Gerbera Jamesonii, known as the African Daisy, is a perennial, hairy herbaceous plant from the Asteraceae family. Its rhizome is short, encircled by the remains of petioles, and has thick fibrous roots.

The leaves are basal and rosette-like, with leaf blades ranging from long oval to oblong. The leaf tip is short and pointed or slightly blunt, with petioles having coarse vertical ridges, and are more or less hairy.

The flower stalk is solitary, or occasionally a few grow in a cluster, without bracts. The stalk is most densely hairy at the top, and the flower head stands alone atop it. The general involucre is bell-shaped, and the flower base is flat, exposed, and honeycombed.

The corolla tube is short, and the anthers have long pointed tails. The achene is cylindrical and densely covered with short white soft hair.

The pappus is somewhat coarse, off-white when fresh, and light brown when dry, joined at the base. The flowering period spans from November to the subsequent April.

Native to the southern parts of Africa, specifically Transvaal, the African Daisy thrives in warm, well-ventilated environments with abundant sunlight.

The flower comes in a variety of vibrant colors, including red, white, yellow, orange, and purple. Its large and brightly colored blossoms make it suitable for cut flowers, potted plants, and ornamental garden decorations.

15. Gladiolus Gandavensis

Gladiolus Gandavensis

Gladiolus Gandavensis is a hybrid species within the Iridaceae family. The bulb is flat and spherical, enclosed in a brown-yellow membranous cover. The flower stem is unbranched, and the capsule fruit is either oval or ovate in shape.

The seeds are flat and winged. It flowers from July to September and bears fruit from August to October. It got its name, which translates to the “Tang gladiolus,” because its leaves resemble those of the Chinese acorus grass.

This species is native to the Cape of Good Hope in Africa, the Mediterranean coasts, and parts of Western Asia. It thrives in warm environments with abundant sunlight, is moderately cold-resistant but doesn’t handle high temperatures or waterlogging well.

The plant prefers fertile, loose, well-draining sandy soil. Reproduction methods for the Gladiolus Gandavensis include bulb division, bulb cutting, tissue culture, and sowing.

Gladiolus Gandavensis is often used as a cut flower to adorn homes. It can also be potted and placed in well-lit areas like windowsills, balconies, and rooftops or directly planted in gardens for ornamental purposes.

Interestingly, it has a sensitive reaction to hydrogen peroxide, making it a natural “sentinel” for environmental monitoring.

Moreover, its stems and leaves contain vitamin C, and the bulb can be used medicinally to clear internal heat, improve blood circulation, and reduce swelling.

16. Glandularia Hybrida

Glandularia Hybrida

Glandularia Hybrida, commonly known as the “Beautiful Cherry,” belongs to the Verbenaceae family and is a perennial herbaceous plant. It thrives best in temperatures between 5°C to 25°C and is originally from South America.

Its flowers have an umbel-like arrangement and come in colors like white, red, blue, snowy green, and pink. It flowers from May to November and is a robust plant. It can be used for flower beds, landscapes, or even as a potted plant.

When used in pots, it’s suitable for garden spaces, terraces, and tree pits. Medicinally, the entire plant can be utilized for its heat-clearing and blood-cooling properties.

The plant loves sunlight, is moderately cold-resistant, doesn’t handle shade or drought well, and usually is cultivated as an annual plant in the northern regions.

Despite the summer heat, it blooms normally. The flower language of Glandularia Hybrida conveys meanings of togetherness and harmonious family life.

17. Glebionis Coronaria

Glebionis Coronaria

Glebionis Coronaria, also known as Crown Daisy, is a herbaceous plant of the Asteraceae family and is either annual or biennial. The stem stands erect, reaching up to one meter in height, is smooth, soft, and fleshy.

Its leaves are oppositely arranged without stalks, elliptical in shape, pale green, and have irregular deep serrations on their edges. The flower heads are solitary at the tops of the stems, with small yellow or white flowers.

Crown Daisy propagates through seeds, usually sown in August or September. It later entered the royal palace, thus it was also named the “Emperor’s Vegetable.”

Crown Daisy is originally from the Mediterranean region but has been widely cultivated in China since before the Tang Dynasty, boasting a long history of cultivation.

It prefers cool climates, is frost-tolerant, but not tolerant to high temperatures. Its growth slows below 12°C and becomes poor above 29°C. It is a long-day plant, grows quickly, and is not stringent about its light requirements.

The ideal soil for its growth is fertile loamy or clayey soil with good moisture retention. Originally wild, it is now cultivated all year round, especially in the south of China.

Crown Daisy is one of the spring vegetables in southern China. Traditional Chinese medicine considers it to be sweet and slightly spicy in flavor, balanced in nature, and non-toxic. It’s believed to cleanse the blood, nourish the heart, moisturize the lungs, and reduce phlegm.

It contains a rich amount of vitamins and several amino acids, offering benefits like nourishing the heart, calming the mind, reducing blood pressure, and enhancing cognitive functions.

Its unique aromatic volatile oils can also help stimulate appetite. However, it’s not advisable for those with diarrhea to consume it excessively.

18. Glechoma Longituba

Glechoma Longituba

Glechoma Longituba, commonly referred to by various names such as “Gold Coin Herb,” “Piercing Bone Herb,” “Wind Through Wall,” and many others, is a perennial herb of the Lamiaceae family.

It features creeping stems that rise upwards and root at the nodes. The stems are 10-20 (up to 30) centimeters tall, quadrangular, usually pale purple-red at the base, nearly hairless with sparsely long soft hairs on the younger parts.

This herb has a spicy flavor and cool nature. It can be taken orally or used externally and offers medicinal properties such as dampness dispelling, detoxifying, reducing inflammation, and dissipating blood stasis.

Glechoma Longituba typically grows in shadowy and moist areas like forest edges, underneath sparse forests, grasslands, or beside streams, at elevations ranging from 50 to 2000 meters.

It can be found in many parts of China, except for Qinghai, Xinjiang, and Tibet. It’s also present in Russia and North Korea.

19. Gloriosa Superba

Gloriosa Superba

Gloriosa Superba, commonly referred to as the Glory Lily or Flame Lily, is a perennial climbing herbaceous plant from the lily family (Liliaceae).

It has horizontally growing rhizomes that are pale yellow-brown, often sprouting from the top bud. The above-ground stem is slender and flexible, either unbranched or with a few branches.

Its leaves are ovate to lanceolate in shape, bright green, tapering to a tail-like point at the end, with the tip curling like tendrils.

The flowers are either solitary or in a sparse umbel-like inflorescence at the tip, large, and brightly colored with wavy edges. It typically blooms from July to November.

Originally native to China, the Glory Lily thrives in warm, humid environments with fertile, well-draining soil. It is not tolerant of strong sunlight or cold conditions. The ideal growth temperature ranges between 22℃ and 24℃. Propagation is typically achieved through division and sowing.

The tubers of Gloriosa Superba are rich in colchicine, which can be used medically to treat conditions like cancer, acute gout, and bronchitis. However, the plant is toxic and should not be consumed.

Agriculturally, it can be used to induce polyploidy and seedless fruits. The flower symbolizes passion, exuberance, glory, and honor. It represents exquisite beauty, aloofness, and the wisdom of insight into world affairs.

20. Gomphrena Globosa

Gomphrena Globosa

Gomphrena Globosa, known as Globe Amaranth, is an annual erect herbaceous plant of the amaranth family (Amaranthaceae).

It has a robust stem with branches, and the branches appear somewhat quadrangular, covered with coarse gray hairs that are denser when young. The leaves are papery, elongated oval, or somewhat rounded. It blooms from June to September.

Its flowers are bright and shiny. Once dried, they retain their appearance for a long time, which is why it’s called “Thousand Days Red.”

Native to the tropical regions of America, the Globe Amaranth is a common flower in tropical and subtropical areas. It is not particular about its environmental needs, loves sunlight, and is hardy.

It’s an early bloomer, heat and drought-resistant, but intolerant to cold and stagnant water. It prefers loose, fertile soil and is commonly propagated through cuttings and seeding.

The flower heads of Globe Amaranth are used in traditional medicine, boasting benefits like cough relief, asthma treatment, liver calming, and vision improvement.

It’s primarily used to treat conditions like bronchial asthma, acute and chronic bronchitis, whooping cough, tuberculosis, and coughing up blood.

The Globe Amaranth has a long flowering period, bright and colorful flowers, and is often called the “never-fading love,” making it an excellent ornamental plant for gardens.

21. Grand Duke Of Tuscany

Grand Duke Of Tuscany

Grand Duke Of Tuscany (Jasmine Sambac) is a variant of the Jasmine plant in the Oleaceae family. This variant’s genes are unstable and tend to mutate.

Like other Jasmine variations such as ‘Baozhu’ and ‘Chrysanthemum Jasmine’, it belongs to the multi-petal category. One of the challenges in maintaining this jasmine is that its branches easily die when they are cut or damaged.

Grand Duke Of Tuscany requires high-quality soil, preferring a loose and breathable type. Soil made from crushed pine needles, wood shavings mixed with garden soil, and a suitable amount of leaf mould is ideal.

It is a type of double-petal jasmine, distinctly different from Chrysanthemum Jasmine and Baozhu Jasmine. Its flowers can easily mutate, with a normal count of over 50 petals.

However, when mutated, it can have between 4-8 leaves, possibly due to genetic defects. This variety has low disease resistance and is susceptible to bacterial infections. It can be challenging to cultivate but can be propagated through cutting in high temperature and humidity environments.

22. Grevillea Banksii

Grand Duke Of Tuscany

Grevillea Banksii or Red Silky Oak is a tree from the Proteaceae family. It’s an evergreen tree, growing between 4-8 meters tall with a trunk diameter of 15-18 cm.

The tree has a straight trunk, a conical canopy, and its bark is dark brown with irregular shallow vertical cracks. Young branches, buds, and leaf stalks are densely covered with rust-brown or gray-brown coarse hair.

It has individual alternating leaves, and the back of the leaf is covered in brown velvet and silvery-grey silky hair. The plant has bisexual flowers in a panicle arrangement.

Originally native to Queensland, Australia, it thrives in a warm, humid climate and acidic soil.

It can withstand hot, sunny days, droughts, poor soil, and cold, growing normally at temperatures above 5°C. With its long blooming period, it’s commonly used for landscaping, road greenery, and pine forest modifications.

In gardens, the Red Silky Oak serves as a background tree due to its height, and it can be paired with other plants in dividers to form multi-layered plant communities. It’s also suitable for ecological landscapes along roads and rivers.

23. Gypsophila Paniculata

Grand Duke Of Tuscany

Gypsophila Paniculata, commonly known as Baby’s Breath, is a plant from the Caryophyllaceae family. It’s a perennial herb growing 30-80 cm tall with a thick root. It has a single stem, occasionally a few stems grow together, upright, highly branched, either hairless or glandular hairy at the base.

It blooms from June to August and bears fruit from August to September. It is native to the Altai mountain region in Xinjiang and Tashkurgan, growing at altitudes of 1,100-1,500 meters in riverbeds, grasslands, stabilized sand dunes, rocky slopes, and farmland.

This plant can also be found in Kazakhstan, Russia (Siberia), Mongolia (west), Europe (west, central, and east), and North America. The type specimen is from western Siberia, Russia.

24. Gardenia Angkorensis Pitard

Gardenia Angkorensis Pitard

Gardenia Angkorensis Pitard: This is a species of Gardenia in the Rubiaceae family. It can be found in the Hainan province of China, specifically in Ya County and the eastern regions.

It grows in forests or shrubs along mountain slopes or valleys, especially by streams, and is seldom seen. It’s also found in Cambodia.

This shrub grows 1-3 meters tall. The young branches are cylindrical, hairless, and turn grey-white upon drying. The leaves are relatively small, leathery, and often cluster at the top of the branches. They are ovate or spatulate in shape. The fruiting period is from August to November.

Gardenia Angkorensis Pitard is listed on the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List, with a conservation status of Endangered (EN).

25. Gardenia Ellis Fortuniana

Gardenia Ellis Fortuniana

Gardenia Ellis Fortuniana (also known as Four Seasons Gardenia): Gardenia Ellis Fortuniana, often referred to as the Four Seasons Gardenia, belongs to the Rubiaceae family and the Gardenia genus.

This plant takes on a dwarf shrub form, with branches often growing diagonally. Its leaves are narrower and smaller compared to the Gardenia Jasminoides and are lanceolate or ovate in shape, narrowing towards the stem.

Remarkably, under proper care, the plant can bloom all year round. The flowers are double-petaled and emit a pleasant fragrance. Their pristine, crystal-like appearance, set against green leaves, is particularly eye-catching and charming.

This gardenia variety tolerates shade, prefers a warm and humid climate, and should not be exposed to intense sunlight. It thrives best in loose, fertile, moisture-retentive, yet well-draining acidic soil.

The plant benefits from fertilization, and organic fertilizers such as cake fertilizer or pig manure can be used. Gardenia Ellis Fortuniana is an essential pot plant for beautifying living spaces and is also a vital aromatic landscaping plant in gardens.

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