10 Types of Flowers that Bloom in Spring

Which flowers bloom in spring? What types of flowers emerge with the arrival of this first season of the year?

Spring is the time when plans for the year are laid and life flourishes everywhere. The sight of various flowers blooming in unison paints a lively scene. This includes tulips, hyacinths, peach blossoms, rapeseed flowers, peonies, cherry blossoms, kapok flowers, and more.

Let’s delve into the top ten renowned flowers of spring, and see which made it onto the list.

1. Tulip, Blooming period: March-May

Tulips, part of the lily family, are globally renowned bulbous flowers and excellent cut flower varieties, blooming from March to May. The upright tulip with elegant and beautiful leaves and dignified, lotus-like flowers is widely loved.

Originating in Turkey, it is viewed in the West as a symbol of victory and beauty. It is a treasured national flower in many countries like the Netherlands, Iran, and Turkey.

Tulips bloom every spring with large, vibrant, single blossoms at the top of the stem, with red, white, and yellow petals, sometimes all white or yellow, measuring 5-7 cm long and 2-4 cm wide.

2. Hyacinth, Blooming period: March-April

The hyacinth, one of the famous bulbous flowers that bloom early in the spring, is an important potted plant, blooming from March to April.

With neat and low-lying plants, the hyacinth is divided into blue, pink, white, light yellow, purple, yellow, crimson, and red varieties according to its flower color. The hyacinth’s flower spike is dignified and beautiful once it blooms, resembling a garlic bulb before blooming.

Besides being admired for its beauty, hyacinth flowers also have the function of dust filtration, and their fragrance can stabilize emotions and relieve fatigue. However, the bulbs are toxic, and accidental consumption can lead to dizziness, stomach cramps, and diarrhea.

3. Peach Blossom, Blooming period: March-April

Peach blossoms are the flowers of peach trees, blooming from March to April, with color variants of deep red, crimson, pure white, and mixed red and white.

They also vary as double or multiple petal varieties. Peach blossoms symbolize love’s captive. Every year from March to June, different peach blossom festivals are held in various places. Apart from their high ornamental value, they are commonly used in literary creation.

Moreover, peach blossoms have medicinal value in promoting circulation and moisturizing the skin, and they can be made into peach blossom pills and peach blossom tea.

4. Rapeseed Flower, Blooming period: March-April

Also known as cole flowers, rapeseed flowers originated in Europe and Central Asia and are an annual herb of the mustard family.

In China, they are predominantly found in Jiangxi Wuyuan Hengling, Hanzhong Basin, Jiangling Terraces, Yunnan Luoping Plain, Qinghai Menyuan Plateau, etc. When rapeseed flowers bloom in March and April, the golden blossoms carpeting the landscape are a spectacular sight, attracting butterflies and bees.

Additionally, the tender stems and leaves of rapeseed flowers can be consumed as vegetables.

5. Peony, Blooming period: May

Blooming in May, the peony is famously bright and attractive. It’s often referred to as the “king of flowers” due to its large, fragrant blooms, earning it the name “national beauty and heavenly fragrance”.

Peonies come in numerous varieties and colors, with yellow, green, crimson, deep red, and silvery red considered the most prized, particularly the yellow and green.

As a valuable woody flower unique to China, the peony has thousands of years of natural growth history and over 1500 years of cultivation.

It has been widely cultivated in China and introduced worldwide. In the late Qing Dynasty, the peony was regarded as China’s national flower.

6. Cherry Blossom, Blooming period: April

Cherry blossoms are a staple of spring. The flowers, each with three to five blossoms on a branch, form an umbrella-shaped inflorescence. The petals are typically white or pink. The flowers usually bloom in March, simultaneously with or after the leaves, depending on the season.

Cherry blossoms are famously beautiful and fragrant, offering a romantic spectacle when in full bloom, and are commonly used for ornamental purposes. They come in single and double petal varieties, with single petal varieties usually producing fruit while double petal varieties generally do not.

Additionally, cherry blossoms can be used medicinally for coughs and fevers, and are known for their skin-softening and brightening effects, making them a key ingredient in skincare products.

7. Kapok, Blooming period: February-March

Kapok, a special product of the South, is the city flower of Guangzhou, Kaohsiung, and Panzhihua, and is also known as the “hero flower. Kapok trees shed their leaves, typically in February and March, before the kapok flowers bloom.

The kapok flowers of spring are vividly red, but not vulgar. The tree’s sturdy trunk and tall stature are reminiscent of a hero, while the red blossoms look like a hero’s blood coloring the treetops.

After the flowers fall, they retain their color and vitality, bidding farewell to the world like true heroes.

Kapok flowers have the effects of clearing heat, promoting fluid production, and detoxification. They can also be used to make tea or soup.

8. Rose, Blooming period: May-June

Originating in China and blooming from May to June, roses are one of the most beloved flowers. They are deciduous shrubs from the Rosales order and the rose family, with branches full of thorns.

The compound leaves are odd-pinnate with 5-9 leaflets that are elliptical and serrated. The petal shape is ovate, and they come in double to semi-double forms, with colors ranging from purple-red to white. The fruiting period is from August to September.

Roses contain more than 300 chemical constituents, such as aromatic alcohols, aldehydes, fatty acids, phenols, and oils and fats with fragrance.

Regular consumption of rose products can help soothe the liver, awaken the palate, promote qi and blood circulation, and nourish and beautify the skin.

Rose essential oil, extracted from rose petals through steam distillation, can activate male hormones and sperm.

9. Climbing Rose, Blooming period: May-June

The climbing rose, a sun-loving climber known for its beauty since ancient times, can scale walls. From May to June, the walls covered with climbing roses display vivid and beautiful blossoms.

This plant is cold-resistant, with most flowers being pink or white. It has high value for home beautification and medicinal use.

The term “climbing rose” usually refers specifically to the multiflora rose, but can also generally refer to all species of the rose family, including modern hybrid tea roses.

10. Calla Lily, Blooming period: February-March

In Western countries, the calla lily is often used in bridal bouquets and is also the national flower of Ethiopia. It is widely used and typically blooms between February and March.

The flower of the calla lily is elegant and beautiful, comes in many colors, and also has a heat-clearing and detoxifying effect, making it useful in medicine.

To treat burns, an appropriate amount of fresh calla lily rhizome can be mashed and applied topically. To prevent tetanus, mashed calla lily rhizome can be applied to the wound. Please note that the calla lily is poisonous and should not be ingested.